Plato Eutifron

Socrates . Tell me for the sake of Zeus, Eutifron, do you consider yourself so precisely informed in divine laws and in questions of piety and ungodliness that you are not afraid – even if everything was as you say – to commit an unholy deed by prosecuting your father?

Eutifron . It would be of little use to me, Socrates, and Eutifron would not be any different from most people if I were not exactly aware of such things.

Socrates . Perhaps, dear Eutifron, for me the best thing is to become your student … [298] Tell me, for the sake of Zeus … what is piety and wickedness both in relation to murder and in everything else? [299] After all, you have confirmed that it is precisely by virtue of a single idea [1] that the ungodly is ungodly and the pious is pious. […] So explain to me regarding this idea what exactly it represents, so that, looking at it and using it as a model, I would call one thing that is done by you or someone else and similar to this model, pious, another, not like him, would not call them.

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2.2- कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम् । अनार्यजुष्टमस्वर्ग्यमकीर्तिकरमर्जुन-भगवद्गीता


कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम् ।
अनार्यजुष्टमस्वर्ग्यमकीर्तिकरमर्जुन ॥२॥

श्रीधरः तदेव वाक्यमाह श्रीभगवानुवाच कुत इति । कुतो हेतोस्त्वा त्वां विषमे सङ्कटे इदं कुशलं समुपस्थितमयं मोहः प्राप्तः, यत आर्यैरसेवितम् । अस्वर्ग्यमधर्म्यमयशस्करं च ॥२॥

मधुसूदनः तदेव भगवतो वाक्यमवतारयति कुतस्त्वेति ।

ऐश्वर्यस्य समग्रस्य धर्मस्य यशसः श्रियः ।
वैराग्यस्याथ मोक्षस्य षण्णां भग इतीङ्गना ॥ [विড়् ६.७४]

समगस्येति प्रत्येकं सम्बन्धः । मोक्षस्येति तत्साधनस्य ज्ञानस्य । इङ्गना संज्ञा । एतादृशं समग्रमैश्वर्यादिकं नित्यमप्रतिबन्धेन यत्र वर्तते स भगवान् । नित्ययोगे मतुप् । तथा

उत्पत्तिं च विनाशं च भूतानामागतिं गतिम् ।
वेत्ति विद्यामविद्यां च स वाच्यो भगवानिति ॥ [विড়् ६.७८]

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Catholic Bishops’ Conference In Sri Lanka (Incorporation) Act 1983

Catholic Bishops’ Conference In Sri Lanka (Incorporation) Act

(No. 17 of 1983)


Short title

1. This Act may be cited as the Catholic Conference in Sri Lanka (Incorporation) Act, No. 17 of 1983.

Incorporation of the Catholic Bishops Conference in Sri Lanka

2. From and after the date of commencement of this Act, such and so many persons as now are members of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference in Sri Lanka (hereinafter referred to as the ” Conference “) or shall hereinafter be admitted as members of the Corporation hereby constituted (hereinafter referred to as the Corporation) shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession, under the name and style of the “Catholic Bishops’ Conference in Sri Lanka” and by that name shall and may sue and be sued in all courts with full power and authority to have and to use a common seal and to change, alter and renew the same at its discretion.

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Quick Law Guide

Matters Relating To Examinations
Examination Centre
Matters Relating To Syllabi
Matters Relating To With-Holding/Cancellation of Result, Evaluation/Re-Evaluation of Marks, Expulsion of Students
Matters Relating To Tuition Fees
Migration Matters
Admission/Transfer To Engineering And Medical Colleges
010701 Medical Admission Matters
010702 Engineering Admission Matters
010799 Others
010800 Admission To Educational Institutions Other Than Medical & Engineering
Establishment And Recognition of Educational Institutions
010901 Grant In Aid
010902 Constitution of Managing Committee/Governing Body
010999 Others
019900 Others
020000 Admirality And Maritime Laws
Appeal Against Orders of Statutory Bodies
030100 Bar Council of India
030200 Chartered Accountant’s Act
039900 Others
Appointments Etc., of Constitutional Functionaries
040100 Appointment of High Court Judges
040200 Appointment of Members, Chairman & Vice-Chairman Of C.A.T., S.A.T.
040300 Appointment of Advocate General Or Any Other Law Officer
040400 Appointment of Members Of Election Commissions
040500 Appointment of Members And Chairman Of State Public Service Commission
040600 Appointment of Governor
049900 Others
050000 Arbitration Matter
Company Law, Mrtp & Allied Matters
060100 Matters Relating To Winding Up
060200 Matters Relating To Sick Industries
060300 Matters Relating To Amalgamation
060400 Matters Arising Out of Orders of Company Law Board Under Section 397 & 398 of Companies Act,1956
060500 Matters Relating To Shares And Debentures
060600 Management Disputes of The Companies
060700 Matters Relating To Meeting of Board Of Directors/Share Holders of The Companies
060800 Sebi Act Matters
069900 Others
Compensation Matter
070100 Motor Accident Claim Matters Involving Permanent Disability/Death of Persons
070200 Motor Accident Claim Matters Relating To Other Injuries
070300 Insurer/Owners Liability Matters
070400 Matters Relating To Railway Accident Including Other Railway Compensation Matters
070500 Matters Relating To Accidents Other Than Those Covered By M.V.Act.
070600 Matters Relating To Telephone, Electricity,Water Etc.
070700 Matters Relating To Accidental Deaths Under Mistaken Identity By The Police
070800 Electrocution
079900 Others
Contempt of Court Matters
080100 Suo Moto Civil Contempt Matters
080200 Suo Moto Criminal Contempt Matters
080300 Other Civil Contempt Matters
080400 Other Criminal Contempt Matters
089900 Others
Criminal Matters
090100 Capital Punishment
090200 Life Sentence
090300 Maintenance Under Section 125 Of CR.P.C.
090400 Harassment, Cruelty To Woman For Dowry, Dowry Death, Eve-Teasing Etc.
090500 Sexual Harassment, Kidnapping & Abduction.
090600 Prevention Of Corruption Act.
090700 Bank Scams, Cheating, Forgery Etc.
090800 Essential Commodities Act.
Criminal Matters Relating To Excise Law
090901 Bihar & Orissa Excise At
090902 Orissa (Mohua Flower) Rules ,1974
090999 Others
091000 Criminal Matters Relating To Bail/Interim Bail/Anticipatory Bail/Parole
091100 Criminal Matters In Which Sentence Awarded Is Up to Five Years.
091200 Transfer of Criminal Cases U/S 407 Of The CR.P.C.
091300 Criminal Matters Arising Out of Securities Act,1992
091400 Criminal Matters Relating To Drugs And Cosmetics
091500 NDPS Act.
091600 Criminal Matters Relating To Food Adulteration
091700 Criminal Matters Relating To Preventive Detention, Cofeposa, National Security Act
091800 Matters Relating To Sc & St(Prevention Of Atrocities) Act, 1989, Untouchability (Offences) Amendment & Misc. Provision Act, 1976., Prevention Of Civil Rights Act 1955.
091900 Criminal Matters In Which Sentence Awarded Is More Than 5 Years
092000 Any Other Offence Under I.P.C.
092100 Any Other Matter Under Cr.P.C.
092200 Juvenile Justices Act.
092300 Negotiable Instruments Act
092400 Arms Act
092500 Smuggling And Tax Evasion Act.
092600 Court Martial Act.
092700 Cow Slaughter Act.
092800 Gambling Act.
092900 Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956.
093000 Weights & Measures Act
099900 Others
Direct Taxes Matters
100100 Income Tax Reference Under Section 257
100200 Income Tax Act, 1922
100300 Cases Relating To Excess Profit Tax Act 1940
100400 Business Profit Tax Act 1947
100500 Income Tax Act 1961
100600 Reference Under Section 27(3)(A) Of The Wealth Tax Act,1957
100700 Gift Tax Act,1958
100800 Property Tax
100900 Valuation
101000 Capital Gains
109900 Others
Election Matters
110100 Gram Panchayats And Zila Parishad And Election Matters Other Than MLAS/MPS.
110200 Matters Under Representation Of People’s Act Involving Corrupt Practices.
110300 Matters Relating To Re-Counting Of Votes
110400 Matters Under The Co.Operative Societies Act.
110500 University Election Matters
110600 Delimitation Of Constituency
110700 Municipality/NAC/Corporation
119900 Others
120000 Eviction Under The Public Premises (Eviction) Act
Family Law Matter
130100 Mutual Consent Divorce Matters
130200 Divorce Under Christian Marriage Act
130300 Other Divorce Matters/Judicial Separation
130400 Restitution Of Conjugal Rights
130500 Child Custody Matters
130600 Adoption & Maintenance Matters
130700 Minority & Guardianship Matters
130800 Matters Under Hindu Marriage Act
130900 Matters Under Muslim Marriage Act
131000 Matters Under Christian Marriage Act
131100 Alimony
139900 Others
Forest Laws
140100 Orissa Forest Act 1972
140200 Orissa Saw Pits And Saw Mills (Control) Rules 1980
140300 Orissa Timber & Other Forest Produce Transit Rules 1980
140400 Wild Life Protection Act 1972
149900 Others
Habeas Corpus Matters
150100 Detention Laws
150200 Private Detention
159900 Others
House Rent Matters
160100 Eviction Matters of Personal Necessity
160200 Eviction Matters For Re-Building And Material Alteration
160300 Orissa Timber & Other Forest Produce Transit Rules 1980
160400 Eviction Matters of Disclaimer Of Title
160500 Arrears of Rent
160600 Change of User
160700 Enhancement of Rent
169900 Others
Indirect Taxes Matters
170100 Reference Under Section 130 Of The Customs Act,1962
170200 Central Excise & Salt Act, 1944
170300 Customs Act 1956 & 1972
Sales Tax Act (Central & Various States)
170401 Cancellation of Registration Certificate
170402 Issue Of Declaration Forms
170403 Stay Matter Pending Appeal/Reference
170404 Tax Appeal Under Orissa Value Added Tax Act
170499 Others
170500 Cess Acts (Rubber,Coffee,Tea,Sugar Etc.)
170600 Entry Taxes
170700 Motor Vehicles Taxation
170800 Purchase Tax
170900 Licence Fee
171000 Gold Control Act
171100 Entertainment Tax
171200 Terminal Tax
171300 Octroi
171400 Valuation
171500 Sewage Tax
171600 Professional Tax
171700 Trade Tax
179900 Others
Labour Matters
180100 Dismissal
180200 Retrenchment
180300 Contract Labour
180400 Dadan Labour
180500 Child Labour Including Negelected Children
180600 Bonded Labour Matters.
180700 Wages, Bonus, Ad-Hoc, Casual, Daily Wages & Their Regularisation.
180800 Workmen Compensation Act
180900 E.S.I
181000 Factory Act
181100 Conditions Of Service & Industrial Employment (Standing Order Act,1946)
181200 Employees Provident Fund & Miscallaneous Provision Act,1952
181300 Trade Union Act
181400 Industrial Disputes Act
181500 Management Disputes Matters
181600 Award of Industrial Tribunal/Labour Court
181700 Payment of Gratuity Act
181800 Payment of Bonus Act.
189900 Others
Land Acquisition & Requisition Matters
190100 Matters Challenging The Acquisition Proceedings
190200 Matters Challenging Compensations
190300 Solatium Matters
190400 Requisition & Derequisition Of Property
199900 Others
Land Laws And Agricultural Tenancies
200100 Sale/Transfer of Land By SC/ST
200200 Agricultural Land Ceiling
200300 Urban Land Ceiling
200400 Pre-Emption Matters
200500 Orissa Consolidation Of Holding And Prevention Of Fragmentation Of Land Act.
200600 Agricultural Tenancy Act.
200700 Orissa Estate Abolition Act 1951
200800 Orissa Land Reforms Act.1960
200900 Orissa Survey Settlement Act 1958
201000 Orissa Irrigation Act 1959
201100 Orissa Prevention Of Land Encroachment Act
201200 Regulation II
201300 Orissa Govt. Land Settlement Act
209900 Others
Letter Petition & Pil Matter
210100 Air Pollution Matters, I.E., Industrial, Vehicular, Power Stations Etc.
210200 Water Pollution : Industrial, Domestic, Sewage, Rivers And Sea.
210300 Noise Pollution : Industrial, Vehicular.
210400 Ecological Imbalance: Protection And Conservation Of Forests,Protection Of Wild Life, Ban On Felling Of Trees And Falling Of Under Ground Water Level.
210500 Custody Harassment, Jails, Complaint Of Harassment, Death In Jail, Speedy Trial, Premature Release Etc.
210600 Harassment/Abuse Of SC/ST/Women/Children.
210700 Unauthorised Constructions Including Encroachments.
210800 Election Commissions.
210900 Scam Matters.
211000 Riot Victims Matters.
219900 Others
220000 Matters Relating To Armed Forces & Para Military Forces
230000 Matters Relating To Commissions of Enquiry
240000 Matters Relating To Consumer Protection
250000 Matters To Be Specially Directed By Hon’ble The CJ
Mercantile Laws, Commercial Transactions Including Banking
260100 Partnership
260200 Sale of Goods Act
260300 Contract Act
260400 Trade Marks/Copy Rights/Patents/Design Act.
260500 Negotiable Instruments Act
260600 Banks Mortgage Disputes
260700 Hypothetication, Pledge
260800 Recovery of Loan.
260900 Recovery of Debts Due To Banks And Financial Institutions Act, 1993.
261000 Bank Loans, Bank Guarantees Matters.
261100 R.B.I. Guidelines Matters.
261200 Matters Relating To Financial Institutions.
261300 Orissa Shops & Commercial Establishments Act 1956
261400 Orissa Debt Relief Act
269900 Others
270000 Mines, Minerals And Mining Leases
Ordinary Civil Matter
280100 Civil Matters Arising Out of Securities Act, 1992
280200 Specific Performance of Contract
280300 Allotment, Cancellation, Fixation of Prices of Plots/Flats
280400 Suit For Declaration.
Title/Damages/Recovery Etc.
280500 Matters Pertaining To Sale Deed.
280600 Leasing Out of Land
280700 Ban On Lottery System.
280800 Regarding Visa.
280900 Permit/Change of Route Under Motor Vehicle Act.
281000 Freedom Fighters Pension Matter.
281100 Confiscation of Property/Forfeiture Of Property/Allotment Of Property.
281200 Transfer of Property Act.
281300 Orissa Town Planning & Improvement Trust Act, 1956
281400 Orissa Ayurvedic Medicine Act
281500 Orissa Homeopathic Medicine Validation Act
281600 Orissa Escheat Act
281700 Orissa Cooperative Society Act
281800 Orissa Public Demands Recovery Act
281900 Court Fee Act
Settlement of Rights
282001 Fishery
282002 Excise
282003 Sand Quarry
282004 Forest
282005 Stone Quarry
282006 Ferry Ghats
282007 Appeal / Revision Order Relating To Settlement
282008 Matters Relating To Leases, Govt. Contracts & Contracts By Local Bodies
282009 State Excise-Trading In Liquor-Privileges,Licences Distilleries Breweries
282099 Others
289900 Others
Personal Law Matters
290100 Inheritance & Succession
290200 Gift
290300 Partition
290400 Testamentary Succession
290500 Conversion From One Religion To Another Religion.
290600 Uniform Civil Code.
290700 Customary Law.
290800 Family Arrangement & Settlement.
299900 Others
Religious & Charitable Endowments
300100 Management, Administrative Disputes of Temples Etc.(Priest, Pujari, Mahant)
300200 Wakf Board Matters.
300300 The Puri Sri Jagannath Temple (Admn.) Act 1952
300400 The Sri Jagannath Temple Act 1955
300500 Orissa Hindu Religious Endowments Acts.
309900 Others
Service Matters
310100 Retiral Benefits
310200 Regularisation of Ad-Hoc Employees Etc.
310300 Removal/Dismissal/Termination/Retrenchment From Service
310400 Suspension
310500 Compulsory Retirement
310600 Disciplinary Proceedings
Condition of Service
310701 Selection
310702 Reservation
310703 Transfer
310704 Increments/Withholding of Increments
310705 Appointment On Compassionate Grounds
310706 Allotment of Quarters In Service
310707 Amendment of The Recruitment Rules
310708 Honorarium/Overtime
310709 Allowances (L.T.C.Etc.)
310710 Efficiency Bar
310711 Probation
310712 Repatriation/Deputation
310713 Continuity In Service
310714 Medical Reimbursement
310715 Voluntary Retirement
310716 Temporary Post To Be Allowed As Permanent Post After Certain Period of Service,I.E,3 Years Or 5 Years.
310717 Stepping Up of Pay
310799 Others
310800 Promotion
310900 Seniority
311000 Pay Scales
311100 Salary/Arrear Salary
311200 Writ Application Against Cat
311300 Writ Application Against Sat
Reservation In Service
311401 For SC
311402 For ST
311403 For OBC/SEBC
311404 For Women
311405 For Physically Handicapped Persons
311499 Others
311500 Equal Pay For Equal Work
311600 Rehabilitation
311700 Retrenchment
311800 Punishment
311900 Pension
312000 Family Pension/ Temporary Increase
312100 Gratuity
319900 Others
Simple Money & Mortgage Matters Etc.
320100 Money Lending Act
320200 Mortgage Private
320300 Chit Fund Matters
329900 Others
Statutory Appointments
330100 Appointment of Chairman, Vice-Chairman & Members of Statutory Corporations/Bodies
330200 Appointment In Zila Parishad
330300 Appointment of Vice-Chancellors of Universities
339900 Others
990000 Other Than The Above Matters
List of Nomenclature
Nature of Proceeding Abbrev. Used Before July, 2002 Abbreviation Used Since July,2002
(A) Civil Proceedings
(I) Ordinary Proceedings (Subordinate Courts And High Courts(Appellate Side))
1 Civil Suit OS CS
2 First Appeal :-
(a) First Appeal from Judgment and Decree in Suit. FA RFA
(b) Cross Objections in First Appeal CO
(c) First Appeal From Orders. FAO
3 Second Appeals :-
(a) Second Appeal from Judgment and Decree. SA RSA
(b) Appeal from Appellate Order. SAO
4 Letters Patent Appeal or Special Appeal before Division Bench against judgment or order of Single Judge in appeal or original civil proceeding. AHO LPA/SPA
5 Revision Petition CVREV CRP
6 Review Petition CVRVW RVWPET
7 Reference CVREF OREF
8 Execution Petition EC EXP
9 Execution First Appeal EXFA
10 Execution Second Appeal EXSA
11 Interlocutory Applications in pending suits/appeals. IA
12 Miscellaneous Applications e.g., leave to sue as indigent person, restoration application condonation of delay, etc. MJC CMAPL
(II) Other Civil Proceedings
1 Writ petition under Articles 226 and 227 of the Constitution. OJC WP(C)
2 Appeal before Division Bench against judgment or order of Single Judge in a writ petition. AHO WA
3 Petition for leave to appeal to Supreme Court. SCA SCLP
4 Proceedings under Companies Act.
a) Original Petition CMPAT COPET
b) Application in pending proceeding. CMPA COAPL
c) Matters transferred under Section 446(3) CMPMC COCAS
d) Appeal against judgments/orders in Company Petitions. COA
5 Proceedings under Banking Regulation Act. OJC BKGP
6 Matrimonial Cases.
a) Suits/Petitions. MATCAS
b) References MREF MATREF
c) Appeals ( Civil Appeals ) CVA MATA
d) Appeals ( Govt. Appeals) GA GCRLA
e) Revisions under Section 19 of the Family Courts Act. CVA RPFAM
7 Testamentary and Intestate Cases.
a) Testamentary cases, e.g. Probate or Letters of Administration etc. OJC TEST
b) Intestate cases, e.g., Succession Certificates etc. INTEST
8 Petitions under Guardianship and Wards Act GUAP
9 Land Acquisition Act OJC LAREF
a) Reference FA LAA
b) Appeals INTEST
10 Rent Control Matters
a) Original Suit/Petition. OS RCC
b) First Appeal RCFA
c) Second Appeal RCSA
d) Revision. RCREV
11 a) Motor Accident Claims OJC MAC
b) Motor Accident Appeals MACA
12 a) Election Petitions ELPET
b) Appeals from Judgments in Election Petition. ELA
13 Proceedings under Insolvency Act :
a) Main Petition OJC IP(M)
b) Applications submitted after adjudication. OJC IPAPL
14 a) Petitions under Indian Arbitration Act. MJC ARBP
b) Appeals under Indian Arbitration Act. MJC ARBA
15 a) Reference under Insurance Act. OJC INSREF
b) Appeals under Insurance Act. OJC INSA
16 Contempt of Court cases relating to Civil contempt. CONTC
17 Appeals against orders in Civil Contempt matters. CONTAC
18 First Appeal against judgments in Special jurisdiction cases. AHO MFA (Act name)
19 Second Appeal from Judgments in miscellaneous cases. MA MSA
20 Special jurisdiction cases assigned to High Courts e.g. Trust Act, Lunancy Act, Trade & Merchandise Act, Trade Marks Act, Copyrights Act, Patents Act and other enactments. SJC SPJC(Act name)
(III) Taxation Matters
1 Income Tax Act
(a) Reference under Section 256(1) TA ITR
(b) Application under Section 256(1) TA ITA
2 Gift Tax Act/Wealth Tax Act/Estate Duty Act.
(a) Reference to High Court SJC GTR/WTR/EDR
(b) Application for direction to make a reference SJC GTA/WTA/EDA
3 (a) Reference under Customs Act OJC CUSREF
(b) Reference under Central Excise Act. OJC CEREF
4 Sales Tax Act.
(a) Reference OJC STREF
(b) Application for direction to make a reference SJC STAPL
(c) Revision TREV STREV
5 Other Tax References” Cases OTR
6 Other Tax Cases OTC
7 Other Tax Applications OTAPL
8 Tax Appeal under OVAT Act OVTA
(IV) Civil Original Jurisdiction Of The High Courts
1 Civil suits OS CS(OS)
2 First appeal from judgments in Original suits FA(OS)
3 Execution Application EXOS
4 Miscellaneous Summons e.g., Summons for Judgment, Chambers Summons. MSREF(SJ,CS, so on)
5 Notice of Motion NM
6 Admiralty Suits AS ADMLS
(B) Criminal Proceedings
1 Original Trial CRLTR
2 Appeal against judgment/sentence CRA CRLA
3 Confirmation case under Section 336 Cr. P.C. DREF DSREF
5 Reference CRREF CRLREF
6 Application under Section 482 Cr. P.C. CRMC CRLMC
7 Bail Application CRMC BLAPL
8 Other Miscellaneous Application CRLMA
9 Petition under Article 226 for Writ of Habeas Curpus and other relief in relief in relation to a criminal proceeding. OJC WPCRL
10 Proceedings relating to Criminal contempt. OCRMC CONTR
11 Appeals against orders in Criminal contempt matters. CONTAR
12 Application for leave to appeal under Section 378 Cr. P.C. or under the relevant corresponding proceedings. CRMC CRLLP
13 Transfer Petition for transfer a criminal proceeding. CRMC TRPCRL
14 Jail Criminal Appeal JCRA JCRLA

Works and Days – Erga kaí Hemérai: Hesiod 700 BCE

Hesiod: Works And Days

(ll. 1-10) Muses of Pieria who give glory through song, come hither, tell of Zeus your father and chant his praise. Through him mortal men are famed or un-famed, sung or unsung alike, as great Zeus wills. For easily he makes strong, and easily he brings the strong man low; easily he humbles the proud and raises the obscure, and easily he straightens the crooked and blasts the proud, — Zeus who thunders aloft and has his dwelling most high.

Attend thou with eye and ear, and make judgements straight with righteousness. And I, Perses, would tell of true things.

(ll. 11-24) So, after all, there was not one kind of Strife alone, but all over the earth there are two. As for the one, a man would praise her when he came to understand her; but the other is blameworthy: and they are wholly different in nature. For one fosters evil war and battle, being cruel: her no man loves; but perforce, through the will of the deathless gods, men pay harsh Strife her honour due. But the other is the elder daughter of dark Night, and the son of Cronos who sits above and dwells in the aether, set her in the roots of the earth: and she is far kinder to men. She stirs up even the shiftless to toil; for a man grows eager to work when he considers his neighbour, a rich man who hastens to plough and plant and put his house in good order; and neighbour vies with is neighbour as he hurries after wealth. This Strife is wholesome for men. And potter is angry with potter, and craftsman with craftsman, and beggar is jealous of beggar, and minstrel of minstrel.

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ALL News Headlines 2019 December 24TH December

Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

German Student ousted: A German student at the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras has been asked to leave India for protesting against the new citizenship law that has sparked unrest across the country.


NPR: Information and broadcasting minister Prakash Javadekar on Tuesday said that the National Population Register has nothing to do with the National Register of Citizen.”The NPR has nothing to do with the NRC. It was a good move, first started in 2010 by the UPA government. We are just carrying it forward. The NRC was not mentioned in the Cabinet meeting,” Javadekar said at a press conference in New Delhi.

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Calcutta High Court ordered WB govt to removed all anti-CAA advertisement from Govt portals and facebook sites – 23/12/2019 [Read full text of the order]

Calcutta High Court

Sri Surajit Saha vs. Mamata Banerjee, The Hon’ble Chief Minister, West Bengal & Ors.

W.P.23510 [W] of 2019

Sri Surajit Saha


The State of West Bengal & Ors.


W.P.23573[W] of 2019

Soumen Sarkar


Union of India & Ors.


W.P.23557 [W] of 2019

Kuntal Majumder


Union of India & Ors.


W.P.23463[W] of 2019

Suman Bhattacharjee


Union of India & Ors.


AST 61 of 2019

Anirban Mukherjee


State of West Bengal & Ors.


AST 62 of 2019

Ramaprasad Sarkar


Union of India & Ors.


W.P.23781[W] of 2019

Sri Surajit Saha


Mamata Banerjee, The Hon’ble Chief Minister, West Bengal & Ors.

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Genesis 1 – Latin Vulgate

1 in principio creavit Deus caelum et terram

In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.

2 terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas

And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.

3 dixitque Deus fiat lux et facta est lux

And God said: Be light made. And light was made.

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Master of Philosophy Vs Doctor of Philosophy

The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) entails the writing of a supervised thesis of up to 30,000 words, as well as completing a course in legal research method.

The MPhil is a three-term full-time programme with a usual residence requirement for three terms from the date of admission. The MPhil thesis must make a worthwhile contribution to knowledge and or understanding in its field.

The Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil) is the Faculty’s most advanced research qualification and entails writing a thesis of between 75,000 and 100,000 words, which must make a significant and substantial contribution to its field.

Full-time study for the DPhil usually comprises three to four years and part-time six to eight years, inclusive of research methodology training in the first year for full-time students and over years one and two for part-time students. The part-time study requires attendance for a minimum of 30 days of university-based work each year, normally coinciding with the full terms of the academic year.

Collegiate university

A collegiate university, which means it is made up of self-governing, independent colleges. All students are a member of a college. Colleges provide students with an ideal opportunity for interaction with peers from different academic disciplines, countries and backgrounds, as well as a place to get involved in clubs, sports and cultural activities, socialise, eat and sometimes live.

In a collegiate university, colleges are very important in admissions and teaching provision for undergraduate students, it is the Faculty that manages the admissions process and provides the teaching for graduate students.