Advancing Effective, Accountable Policing and Criminal Justice Practices to Enhance Public Trust and Public Safety in USA – EO (25/05/2022)

Law enforcement officers are often a person’s first point of contact with our criminal justice system, and we depend on them to uphold these principles while doing the demanding and often life-threatening work of keeping us safe. We expect them to help prevent and solve crimes and frequently call upon them to respond to social problems outside their expertise and beyond their intended role,

Origin and growth Probation system in USA

The origin of probation can be traced to English criminal law of the Middle Ages. Harsh punishments were imposed on adults and children alike for offenses that were not always of a serious nature. Sentences such as branding, flogging, mutilation, and execution were common. During the time of King Henry VIII, for instance, no less than 200 crimes were punishable by death, many of which were minor offenses.

General Diary at Police Station u/s 44 of Police Act 1861 and difference with FIR

Whoever wishes to lodge a GD should come up with three sets of applications and asked the duty officer of police station to lodge a GD. Each GD contains an entry number and date. Duty officer keeps a copy in police station, and delivers a copy to the petitioner with sign and seal of police station and will keep another copy for investigating officer.

Neither Sec 188 of IPC nor Sec 144 of Cr.P.C allow executive to threaten life of citizen for mere breach of curfew order-Gujrat HC

06-02-1974-Under the Constitution, protection against impairment of the guarantee of fundamental rights is determined by the nature of the right, the interest of the aggrieved party and the degree of harm resulting from the State action. Impairment of the right…

Application of mind is sine qua non in an executive action to arrive at subjective satisfaction- J&K High Court

08-04-2010-The grounds of detention ex facie are vague, ambiguous and sketchy and not clear and unambiguous enable a man of common prudence to explain his stand much less make an effective representation. The detenue is not informed with clarity about his alleged "thought process", "well knit group" at the back of the detenue and the activities that "create law and order problem". The detenue is not informed who are the people who constitute the "well knit group" at back of the detenue, what changes were expected to be made by the detenue in his "thought process". What are law and order and "socio-economic" problem that the detenue is likely to create and how are such problems intended to be created. The detenue is not informed about "socio economic problem" that the activities attributed to the detenue result in. The grounds of detention thus are vague, sketchy and lacking in essential details.