Professional journalist

“Professional journalist” means a person regularly engaged in collecting, photographing, recording, writing, editing, reporting, or publishing news, for gain or livelihood, who obtained the information sought while working as a salaried employee […]

Facsimile seal

“Facsimile seal” means the reproduction of the seal of the issuer or the official or official body by engraving, imprinting, stamping, or other means. “Facsimile signature” means the reproduction of a manual […]


“Obligation” means a bond, certificate, note, or other evidence of indebtedness including, but not limited to, an agreement of a public entity to pay principal and any interest thereon, whether in the […]

Financial intermediary

“Financial intermediary” means a bank, broker, clearing corporation, or other person, or the nominee of any of them, which intermediary in the ordinary course of its business maintains registered public obligation accounts […]

Authorized officer

“Authorized officer” means any individual required or permitted, alone or with others, by any provision of law or by the issuing public entity to execute on behalf of the public entity a […]

Public Entity

“Public entity” means any entity, department, or agency which is empowered under the laws of one or more states, territories, or possessions of the United States, including the District of Columbia and […]


The word “writing” includes handwriting, printing, typewriting, and all other methods and means of forming letters and characters upon paper, stone, wood, or other materials. The word “writing” also includes information which […]

Natural barrier

The term “natural barrier” when used with reference to the possession of real estate includes any cliff, river, sea, gulf, lake, slough, marsh, swamp, bay, lagoon, creek, saw grass area, or the […]


The term “veteran” means a person who served in the active military, naval, or air service and who was discharged or released under honorable conditions only or who later received an upgraded […]

Legal time

In all laws, statutes, orders, rules and regulations of this state, relating to the time of performance of any act by any officer or department of this state, whether in the legislative, […]


The word ‘control’, as we have seen, was used for the first time in the Constitution and it is accompanied by the word ‘vest’ which is a strong word. It shows that […]

Boycotting Court

Justice P. B. Sawant speaking for the Supreme Court In Re: Sanjiv Datta and Other held “our legal system, in fact, acknowledges the fallibility of the courts and provides for both internal […]

Criminal conspiracy

The court in Sardar Sardul Singh Caveeshar v. State of Maharashtra where this Court said: Before dealing with the individual cases, as some argument was made in regard to the nature of […]


Obligatory or Unchallengeable Examples : This Court in the case of P. Anand Gajapathi Raju and Others Vs. P.V.G. Raju (Died) and Others, has held that the language of Section 8 is […]

Land owner

(r) “landowner” includes any person,— (i)whose name is recorded as the owner of the land or building or part thereof, in the records of the authority concerned; or (ii)any person who is granted […]