European Cultural Convention 1954

European Cultural Convention

Paris, 19.XII.1954

The governments signatory hereto, being members of the Council of Europe,

Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members for the purpose, among others, of safeguarding and realising the ideals and principles which are their common heritage;

Considering that the achievement of this aim would be furthered by a greater understanding of one another among the peoples of Europe;

Considering that for these purposes it is desirable not only to conclude bilateral cultural conventions between members of the Council but also to pursue a policy of common action designed to safeguard and encourage the development of European culture;

Having resolved to conclude a general European Cultural Convention designed to foster among the nationals of all members, and of such other European States as may accede thereto, the study of the languages, history and civilisation of the others and of the civilisation which is common to them all,

Have agreed as follows:

Continue Reading

Telecommunications national regulatory authorities under EU

National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) in Member States

Continue Reading

EU regulation on open internet access and rights relating to electronic communications networks and services 2015

The regulation aims to establish common rules to safeguard equal and non-discriminatory treatment of traffic in the provision of internet access services and related end-users’ rights.

REGULATION (EU) 2015/2120 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

25 November 2015

laying down measures concerning open internet access and amending Directive 2002/22/EC on universal service and users’ rights relating to electronic communications networks and services and Regulation (EU) No 531/2012 on roaming on public mobile communications networks within the Union

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 114 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (2),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (3),

Whereas:

Continue Reading

TREATY OF LISBON

Originally signed in Rome on 29 October 2004.

TREATY OF LISBON -EUROPEAN UNION -2009

AMENDING THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION AND THE TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

(2007/C 306/01)

PREAMBLE

HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE BELGIANS,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC,

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN OF DENMARK,

THE PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY,

Continue Reading

The European Economic Area (EEA)

The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market.

Switzerland is neither an EU nor EEA member but is part of the single market – this means Swiss nationals have the same rights to live and work in the UK as other EEA nationals.

The EU countries are:

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

The United Kingdom and European Union have reached an agreement at European Council on the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’s withdrawal from the European Union. The revised Withdrawal Agreement and Political Declaration were considered and agreed at European Council on 17 October 2019.

Final agreement dated 19 October 2019

The new Constitution of the European Union, its influence on the national legal systems, and the relations of the national courts

The new Constitution of the European Union, its influence on the national legal systems, and the relations of the national courts, in particular the national constitutional courts,  with the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.

I. Preliminary remarks

1. The development of the European constitution is going through a period of profound change. In the past, and to this day, the state of the Treaties as it had been achieved at a particular point in time (for instance, in the Treaties of Maastricht, Amsterdam, and Nice, and in their original version, the Treaties of Rome) represented, and represents, the Constitution of the European Communities. The Constitution for Europe”, the final version of which has been in existence since 18 June 2004, and which was signed with all due ceremony on 29 October 2004 by the Heads of State or Government of the 25 Member States of the European Union and by

Continue Reading

European Code of Good Administrative Behaviour

Ο Ευρωπαϊκός Κώδικας Ορθής Διοικητικής Συμπεριφοράς

Der Europäische Kodex für gute Verwaltungspraxis

Le Code européen de bonne conduite administrative

Il Codice europeo di buona condotta amministrativa

The Code approved by the European Parliament contains the following substantive provisions  :

Article 1
General provision

In their relations with the public, the institutions and their officials shall respect the principles which are laid down in this Code of Good Administrative Behaviour, hereafter referred to as “the Code”.

Continue Reading