Evidence Act-There is no gainsaying that confession made to a police officer cannot be proved as against a person accused of any offence and no confession made by a person while in police custody except made in the immediate presence of a Magistrate, can be proved against him in view of embargo created by Sections 25 and 26 of the Evidence Act. Section 27 of the Act nevertheless carves out an exception as it provides that when any fact is deposed to as discovered in consequence of information received from a person accused of any offence while he is in police custody, “so much of such information”, regardless of it being a confession or not, may be proved, if it relates distinctly to the fact thereby discovered.
In Yakub Abdul Razak Memon, after referring to several judgments of this Court on the evidentiary value of confession particularly judgment of this Court in Nalini, this Court summed up the position […]
Supreme Court in Sarwan Singh Vs. The State of Punjab, wherein it has been held as follows: …An accomplice is undoubtedly a competent witness under the Indian Evidence Act. There can be, […]
Under the common law both in England and in India the context for material being considered by the court is relevancy. There can be no dispute that the manner in which evidence […]
The role of an expert witness rendering opinion evidence before the Court may be explained by referring to the following observations of this Court in Ramesh Chandra Agrawal v. Regency Hospital Limited […]
The Supreme Court has explained the meaning of “discovery of fact” in consequence of information received from the accused laid down in Section 27 of the Evidence Act in paragraph 35 of “State of Maharashtra V. […]
Regarding law on the circumstance of last seen, the observation of Supreme Court in Mohibur Rahman and Another Vs. State of Assam, are relevant: The circumstance of last seen together does not […]
On scrutiny of the below decisions, we find that the Hon’ble Apex Court has specifically observed that presence of witness was doubtful and no reliance can be placed on such chance witness.
The elementary Rule under Section 101 of the Evidence Act, is inflexible. Ordinarily, the burden to prove the fact rests on the party who substantially asserts affirmative of the issue and not […]
In a suit for recovery of possession based on title it is for plaintiff to prove his title and satisfy court that he is entitled to dispossess defendant from his possession.
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA DIVISION BENCH ( Before : S. B. Sinha, J; P. K. Balasubramanyan, J ) ANIL RISHI — Appellant Vs. GURBAKSH SINGH — Respondent Civil Appeal No. 2413 of […]
VOCABULARY WATCH ACCOMPLICE ADMISSIBILITY ADMISSION AFFIDAVIT ALIBI APPRECIATION OF EVIDENCE APPROVER ATTESTING WITNESS BENEFIT OF DOUBT BEST EVIDENCE BURDEN OF PROOF CERTIFIED COPY CHANCE WITNESS CHARACTER ASSASSINATION CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE COMPETENT CONCLUSIVE CONDUCT […]
This Act began by repealing (with few exceptions) the whole of the Law of Evidence then in force in India and proceeded to re-enact it in the form of code of 167 […]