Category: EVIDENCE

Chance witness

On scrutiny of the below decisions, we find that the Hon’ble Apex Court has specifically observed that presence of witness was doubtful and no reliance can be placed on such chance witness.

Understand Hearsay

A “statement” is: 1. An oral or written assertion; or 2. Nonverbal conduct of a person if it is intended by the person as an assertion. A “declarant” is a person who makes a […]

Parārthānumānam -in Evidence of Inference

परार्थानुमानम् परार्थानुमानलक्षणम् त्रिरुपलिङ्गाख्यानं परार्थानुमानम्। अन्वयव्यतिरेकपक्षधर्मतासंज्ञकानि त्रीणि रुपाणि, येन वचनेन प्रख्याप्यन्ते तद्वचनमुपचारादनुमानशब्देनोच्यते॥ तस्य द्वैविध्यम् तद् द्विविधम् साधर्म्यवद्वैधर्म्यवच्च। साध्यधर्मिदृष्टान्तधमिणोर्हेतु सत्ताकृतं सादृश्यं साधर्म्यम्। तद्यस्यास्ति तत् साधर्म्यवत् साधनवाक्यम्। साध्यधर्मिदृष्टान्तधर्मिणोर्हेतुसत्ताकृतं वैसादृश्यं वैधर्म्यम्। तद्यस्यास्ति तद्वैधर्म्यवत साधनवाक्यम्। स्वभावहेतोस्साधर्म्यवत्प्रयोगनिरुपणम् , […]

Anumānam – Evidence of Inference

स्वार्थानुमानम् अनुमानस्य द्वैविध्यम् स्वार्थानुमानलक्षणम् अनुमानं द्विविधम् – स्वार्थं परार्थं च। स्वस्मै यत्तत् स्वार्थमनुमानं ज्ञानात्मकम्। पर्वतादौ धर्मिणि धूमादिकं दृष्ट्वा यस्य प्रतिपत्तुः वह्निज्ञानमुत्पद्यते, स एव तेन ज्ञानेन परोक्षमर्थं प्रतिपद्यते नान्य इति स्वार्थानुमानमुच्यते। परस्मै यत्तत् […]

Pratyakṣam – Evidence of Direct Perception

From तर्कभाषा प्रत्यक्षम् मङ्गलाचरणम् गुरुं प्रणम्य लोकेशं शिशुनामल्पमेधसाम्। धर्मकीर्तिमतं श्रुत्यै तर्कभाषा प्रकाश्यते॥ प्रमाणसामान्यलक्षणम् [ Proof] इह खलु प्रेक्षापूर्वकारिणोऽर्थिजनाः सर्वपुरुषार्थसिद्धिनिमित्तं प्रमाणमनुसरन्तीति प्रमाणमादौ व्युत्पाद्द्यते। प्रमाणं सम्यग्ज्ञानमपूर्वगोचरम्। प्रमीयतेऽर्थोऽनेनेति प्रमाणम्। तदेव सम्यग्ज्ञानम्, सन्देहविपर्यासदोषरहितत्वात्। अविसंवादकं ज्ञानं लोके […]

Witness means

“Witness” means a person (other than a defendant)— (4)(a)who has witnessed conduct in relation to which he may be or has been called to give evidence in relevant proceedings; (b)who is able […]

EVIDENCE CANNOT BE TAKEN ON AFFIDAVIT IN MAINTENANCE PROCEEDING OR UNDER DV ACT-MP HIGH COURT

Before the Family Court, an application under Section 125, Cr.PC has been filed by the respondents for maintenance. In the said proceedings, the respondents filed their affidavit in evidence and petitioner has been directed to cross-examine on the affidavit. At this stage, petitioner raised an objection in writing that in the proceedings, evidence can not be taken on affidavit, but the respondent should be examined in the Court in the presence of petitioner or his Counsel. Family Court relying on Section 10(3) of the Family Court Act found that the Family Court is having jurisdiction to adopt its own procedure for recording evidence and relying on provisions of Code of Civil Procedure held that the affidavit can be received in evidence and rejected the application of the petitioner. This order is under challenge in this petition.

Law of Evidence in the UK

SUBJECT: EVIDENCE Documentary Evidence Act 1882 Criminal Evidence Act 1898 Evidence Act 1851 Civil Evidence Act 1968 The Electronic Presentment of Instruments (Evidence of Payment and Compensation for Loss) Regulations 2018 Police […]

Corroboration of testimony of prosecutrix as a condition for judicial reliance is not a requirement of law in Rape trial

A plethora of decisions by this Court as referred to above would show that once the statement of prosecutrix inspires confidence and accepted by the courts as such, conviction can be based only on the solitary evidence of the prosecutrix and no corroboration would be required unless there are compelling reasons which necessitate the courts for corroboration of her statement.