History of the Russian State Duma

The first representative body of legislative power was created in the Russian Empire in 1905 as result of the revolution. On 6 August 1905, Emperor Nicholas II issued a Manifesto on Establishment and Organisational Rules of one of the parliament chambers – the State Duma.

History of the National Assembly of Afghanistan

Article 81 of Constitution of the year 2004 states that the National Assembly of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, as the highest legislative organ, shall manifest the public will, as well as it shall represent the entire nation.

Burma-by F. W. R. Fryer-1905

Burma is the easternmost province of British India. It is also the most recently acquired province of that empire. It is bounded on the east and north-east by China. The eastern boundary touches, besides China, the French province of Indo-China, the Siamese Shan States, and Siam proper, and finally runs down to the Bay of Bengal On the north-west it is bounded by Bengal, Assam, and the feudatory State of Manipur, and on the west and south by the sea.

History of Brahmadesh(Burma)-by Herbert Thirkell White-1923

egends and myths, unprofitable to relate, fill the early chronicles of Burma. In times of which there are no authentic records, the Burmese, issuing from the highlands of central Asia, drove into Lower Burma the Talaings, the first inhabitants of whom we have any knowledge, and occupied Upper Burma. They are said to have established a kingdom with its capital at Tagaung in the 9th century, B.C

History of Afgan People

The Afghan chroniclers call their people Beni-Israil (Arab. for Children of Israel), and claim descent from King Saul (whom they call by the Mahommedan corruption Tālūt) through a son whom they ascribe to him, called Jeremiah, who again had a son called Afghana.

Literary background of Roman world

Lucretius: The Nature of Things
Horace: We All Must Die
Epitaph from the tomb of a Roman wife
Ovid: Metamorphoses: Daedalus and Icarus
Propertius: Like Ariadne lying on the shore

Mesopotamia Documents

Enuma Elish: The Babylonian Creation Epic
The Epic of Gilgamesh: The Flood Story
Three fragments describing evil spirits
Sumer-Akkadian Hymn to Ishtar
Hymn to the Moon God, Nanna
The Code of Hammurabi, extracts
Sumerian Proverbs
Babylonian Proverbs

Britania by Pliny

Opposite to this coast is the island called Britannia, so celebrated in the records of Greece(1) and of our own country. It is situate to the north-west, and, with a large tract of intervening sea, lies opposite to Germany, Gaul, and Spain, by far the greater part of Europe. Its former name was Albion; but at a later period, all the islands, of which we shall just now briefly make mention, were included under the name of “Britanniæ.” This island is distant from Gesoriacum, on the coast of the nation of the Morini, at the spot where the passage across is the shortest, fifty miles. Pytheas and Isidorus say that its circumference is  miles.

The Natural History-Pliny the Elder-77CE

I have included in thirty-six books 20,000 topics, all worthy of attention, (for, as Domitius Piso says, we ought to make not merely books, but valuable collections,) gained by the perusal of about 2000 volumes, of which a few only are in the hands of the studious, on account of the obscurity of the subjects, procured by the careful perusal of 100 select authors; and to these I have made considerable additions of things, which were either not known to my predecessors, or which have been lately discovered.

History of the Zen Buddhism previous to the times of Hui-Neng

When Buddhism reached China it found two main currents of cultural conditions with which it had to contend and make terms, namely, Confucianism and Taoism, neither of which, strictly speaking, were religions. The teachings of Confucius were intellectual and were almost wholly devoted to inculcating habits of ethical idealism among all classes of people. By its presentation of an ideal "superior man" and its emphasis on "propriety" and "obedience" it appealed principally to the educated and official classes and tended to conservatism and the perpetuation of ancient customs and intellectual ideas.

Columbus’s letter to Luis De Sant Angel Announcing His Discovery -1493

Therefore I hope that their Highnesses will decide upon the conversion of these people to our holy faith, to which they seem much inclined. I have already stated how I sailed one hundred and seven leagues along the sea-coast of Juana, in a straight line from west to east. I can therefore assert that this island is larger than England and Scotland together, since beyond these one hundred and seven leagues there remained at the west point two provinces where I did not go, one of which they call Avan, the home of men with tails.