Freedom of the Press Act (1949)

The freedom of the press is understood to mean the right of every Swedish citizen to publish written matter, without prior hindrance by a public authority or other public body, and not to be prosecuted thereafter on grounds of its content other than before a lawful court, or punished therefor other than because the content contravenes an express provision of law, enacted to preserve public order without suppressing information to the public.

WHO commends U.S support for temporary waiver on IP rights for COVID-19 vaccines-05/05/2021

On Wednesday, Ambassador Tai issued a statement saying the extraordinary circumstances caused by the COVID-19 pandemic required extraordinary measures to respond and that the waiving of intellectual property protections on vaccines was needed to help end the pandemic. The United States would, the statement continued, participate in World Trade Organization negotiations to support the temporary waiving of protections, and work with the private sector and other partners to expand vaccine manufacturing and distribution.

Nairobi Treaty on the Protection of the Olympic Symbol adopted at Nairobi-1981

Any State party to this Treaty shall be obliged, subject to Articles 2 and 3, to refuse or to invalidate the registration as a mark and to prohibit by appropriate measures the use, as a mark or other sign, for commercial purposes, of any sign consisting of or containing the Olympic symbol, as defined in the Charter of the International Olympic Committee, except with the authorization of the International Olympic Committee. The said definition and the graphic representation of the said symbol are reproduced in the Annex.

Background of the Intellectual Property in Europe

The patent - after a long legal history which is linked, as might be expected, with the rise of technology and industry - has recently come to be subsumed under the term 'intellectual property' and is now closely related to forms of property ownership such as copyright and trade secrets, rather than its previous history of 'warrant' . It is a form of property which is much misunderstood both by the general public and also by many in the commercial and inventive communities to whom it is most directed. Many knowledgeable commentators reserve a measure of scepticism as to the utility of patents to inventors, a scepticism which is not to be found in other areas of intellectual property.

Hague Agreement -1925

Considering article 15 of the Convention of International Union of March 20, 1883 for the protection of industrial property, revised in Brussels on December 14, 1900 and in Washington on June 2, 1911,