Biographical information on Muhammad – Vincenzo Calza (1847)

Muhammad , or Mohammed (according to the spelling and pronunciation of the Orientals) was born on 1 April 569 1 of GC in Mecca city of Hedjaz ; province of Arabia; he had for father Abdallah son of Abdhal Mottalib ; and for mother Amina daughter of Wahib ; he thus belonged doubly to the tribe of the Choreicites (QURESH), a tribe of great population and power

Quran on guarding the modesty of women- Sura – an Nur 24:31

And tell the  women (Islamic) to lower their gaze (vision) and be modest, and to display of their adornment  only that which is apparent (naturally appear), and to draw their veils ( a cover) over their bosoms, and not to reveal (uncover) their adornment (beauty or ornaments)  apart from their own husbands or fathers or husbands’ fathers, or their sons or their husbands’ sons, or their brothers or their brothers’ sons or sisters’ sons, or their women, or their slaves,

References in Wasim Rizvi’s Book Muhammad 

This shows that prior to the conquest of Mecca, emigration from that town was one of the requisites for Muslims. This is additional evidence of the fact that Muslims were coerced by Muhammad to abandon their homes, while their families did everything they could to keep their loved ones from following this man.

Ethics of War by Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din-1901

We fail to find any healthy principle of war in the Bible, The Israelite fighting aimed at the extinction of enemies, and sowed vengeance and rancour in human hearts. Since the Prince of Peace did not come for peace but for fire and sword, as he said himself, he asked his disciples to sell even their clothes in order to purchase weapons of war. His mind seems to have been agog with various other high-flown but contradictory ideas, but he could neither digest them nor reconcile them to each other.

Strength of Islam by Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din-1913

There must be nothing rigid in a universal Faith except only the firm belief in the One and Only God and the Revelations made through His Holy Prophets. God sees into the heart and those who worship Him in spirit and in truth are not to be cast from the fellowship of the Faithful merely on account of some set of conditions peculiar to climates or customs or particulars regarding habits ingrained by long use in certain nationalities.

Introduction of Qurʼân by Edward Henry Palmer (1880)  

The worship of stones is a very old form of Semitic cult, and it is curious to note that Jacob 'took the stone that he had put for his pillow, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil on the top of it; and he called the name of the place Bethel[1]:' and that at Mecca the principal object of sacred interest is a stone, and that the Kaabah has been known, from time immemorial, as Bâit allâh, 'the house of God.'

Kitab al-Tawhid – ‘The Book of Monotheism’ by Abu Mansur al-Maturidi 

Kitab al-Tawhid (Arabic: كتاب التوحيد‎, lit. 'The Book of Monotheism'), is the main Sunni theological book, and the primary source of the Maturidi school of thought; written by the Hanafi scholar Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (d. 333/944). Kitab al-Tawhid is monumental work which very nicely expounded the tenets and beliefs of the Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama'a and refuted the stands of the opponents, such as Karramites, Mu'tazilites, Qadariyya, Majus, Sophists, Dualisms, and Christians.

Waseem Rizvi’s 26 Controversial Quranic Verses – Syed Waseem Rizvi Vs Union Of India-12/04/2021

These verses were added to the Quran, by the first three Caliphs, to aid the expansion of Islam by war”, the former chairman of the Shia Waqf Board has said in his plea, according to reports. Rizvi wrote in the petition that “after Mohammad, the first Caliphs Hazrat Abu Bakr, the second Caliphs Hazrat Umar and the third namely Hazrat Usman released the Quran as a book, based on the oral preaching of Mohammad Sahab. This was passed on from generation to generation.

Glossary of Islamic Terms

Glossary of Islamic TermsA’aabidone who performs much ’ibaada’aalim(pl. ’ulamaa’) Muslim scholar.aamin(to Allaahu ta’aalaa) accept my prayer.’aarifan ’aalim who knows what is possible to know of ma’rifa.aayat (-i kareema)a Qur’aanic verse.adhaanthe call to salaat.af’aal al-mukallafeenfard, haraam or mubaah acts; fiqh.ahaadeethpl. of…

Biographers of Prophet Muhammad

The first who attempted to compile an account of Muḥammad in the form of a history, was az-Zuhrī, who died a.h. 124, and whose work, no longer extant, is mentioned by Ibn K͟hallikān.

AZABU L-QABR-Islamic theory of ‘Punishment of the grave’

The Prophet of God said, When a corpse is placed in its grave, two black angels come to it, with blue eyes. The name of the one is Munkar and of the other Nakīr, and they interrogate the dead person concerning the Prophet of God. If he be a Muslim, he will bear witness to the Unity of God and the mission of Muḥammad.

Islam and Ahmadism by Muhammad Iqbal (1936)

Thus, in the year 1799, the political decay of Islam in Asia reached its climax. But just as out of the humiliation of Germany on the day of Jena arose the modern German nation, it may be said with equal truth that out of the political humiliation of Islam in the year 1799 arose modern Islam and its problems. This point I shall explain in the sequel. For the present I want to draw the reader's attention to some of the questions which have arisen in Muslim India since the fall of Tippu and the development of European imperialism in Asia.