Category: Judicial Dictionary

Meaning of a Word or Phrase as defined by a Competent Court

MUHARRAM [المحرّم]

Muharram[month of Muharram] is a month of remembrance, it is also known as Ashura. Ashoura[The day is named ‘Ashurah’ Literary means 10th and derived from  Hebrew ʿāsōr עשרה via Babylonian Ahur vis Sanskrit Asur]. is marked on the tenth day of Muharram, by all Muslims.

Groundnut oil

The question that has still to be answered is whether hydrogenated oil continues even after the change to be “groundnut oil”. If it is, it would be entitled to the benefit of […]

Ramakrishna Religion

 In Bramchari Sidheswar Shai and others Versus State of WEST BENGAL – 02/07/1995 Point-1: 21. The learned single Judge of the High Court, who decided the Writ petition, took the view that […]

Hindu religion

In Shastri Yagnapurushdasji v. Muldas Bhundardas Vaishya, AIR 1966 SC 1119 a Constitution Bench of this Court was required to consider the question whether the Bombay High Court was right in holding […]

Reasonable expedition

The expression, reasonable expedition’ is explained in Sabir Ahmed v. Union of India, (1980) 3 SCC 295 as follows: “What is ‘reasonable expedition’ is a question depending on the circumstances of the […]


Cheating has been defined in Section 415 of the Indian Penal Code to mean: Cheating– Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property […]


In S. Nagaraj and others vs. State of Karnataka and another (1993) 4 Suppl. SCC 595 seems to be rather apposite. Supreme Court in paragraph 19 of the report, upon relying on […]


12. An offence ordinarily signifies a public wrong: it is an act or omission which is a crime against society: it may therefore be brought to the notice of the court by […]


Section 195(2) of the Code of Criminal Procedure enacts that the term “court” includes a Civil, Revenue or Criminal Court, but does not include a Registrar or Sub-Registrar under the Indian Registration […]

Application for Special Leave to Appeal

The powers exercisable by this Court under Art. 136 of the Constitution are not in the nature of a general appeal. They unable this Court to interfere in cases where an irreparable injury has been caused by reason of a miscarriage of Justice due to a gross neglect of Law or procedure or otherwise and there is no other adequate remedy.

Money Laundering

Source of Money : proceeds of crime including its concealment, possession, acquisition or use and projecting or claiming of Illegal arms sales, smuggling, and the activities of organised crime, including for example […]

Shell bank

Shell bank means a bank that has no physical presence in the country in which it is incorporated and licensed, and which is unaffiliated with a regulated financial group that is subject to effective […]


Funds The term funds refers to assets of every kind, whether corporeal or incorporeal, tangible or intangible, movable or immovable, however acquired, and legal documents or instruments in any form, including electronic or digital, evidencing […]


Article 2 of the Hague Convention reads as follows: For the purposes of this Convention, the term “trust” refers to the legal relationships created – inter-vivos or on death – by a person, […]

Virtual Asset

Virtual assets are vulnerable to being misused by criminals to launder money and fund terrorism as they allow greater levels of anonymity, have global reach making it easier for cross-border payments, and […]

Terrorist act

 A terrorist act includes: (a) an act which constitutes an offence within the scope of, and as defined in one of the following treaties: (i) Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft […]


The term terrorist refers to any natural person who: (i) commits, or attempts to commit, terrorist acts by any means, directly or indirectly, unlawfully and wilfully; (ii) participates as an accomplice in […]


Any intrusion on the homeostasis or balance of the organism is stress. The brain’s job is to regulate all stress and return balance to the internal milieu. Protective mechanisms, such as increases […]