Category: Judicial Dictionary

Meaning of a Word or Phrase as defined by a Competent Court


Under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, made by the President of India under article 77(3) of the Constitution of India, the Legislative Department is concerned with the drafting of Bills, including the business of the Draftsmen in Select Committees,drafting and promulgation of Ordinances and Regulations; enactment of State Acts as President’s Acts, whenever required; scrutiny of statutory Rules and Orders.

Federal Crimes [USA]

Abusive Sexual Contact Advocating Overthrow of Government Aggravated Assault/Battery Aggravated Identity Theft Aggravated Sexual Abuse Aiming a Laser Pointer at an Aircraft Airplane Hijacking Anti-racketeering Antitrust Armed Robbery Arson Assassination Assault with […]

Appeal against an order of acquittal  

In reversing an acquittal, this Court keeps in mind that
presumption of innocence in favour of the accused is fortified
by an order of acquittal and if the view of the High Court is
reasonable and founded on materials on record, this Court
should not interfere. However, if this Court is of the opinion
that the acquittal is not based on a reasonable view, then it
may review the entire material and there will be no limitation
on this Court’s jurisdiction under Article 136 to come to a just
decision quashing the acquittal.

Criminal conspiracy

Central Bureau of Investigation, Hyderabad v. K. Narayana Rao, (2012) 9 SCC 512, in which Supreme Court opined thus: “24. The ingredients of the offence of criminal conspiracy are that there should be an agreement between the persons who are alleged to conspire and the said agreement should be for doing of an illegal act or for doing, by illegal means, an act which by itself may not be illegal. In other words, the essence of criminal conspiracy is an agreement to do an illegal act and such an agreement can be proved either by direct evidence or by  circumstantial  evidence   or  by both  and   in  a  matter  of common experience that direct evidence to prove conspiracy is rarely available. Accordingly, the circumstances proved before and   after   the   occurrence   […]

Lahore City

Old Name was Lavkot or fort of Lav. Ancient Lahore was more than beyond Lahore of Ghazni and  Moryan. The city is at least over 5000 years old and established by Son […]

Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra

ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम् । उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान् मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मामृतात् ॥ Rig Veda 7.59.12

Gamma-aminobutyric acid [GABA]

The most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter with the central nervous system (CNS) inhibitory activity. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), converted from the principal […]


Blood [Apx 5 liters in the human body] is actually a tissue and it is always being made by the cells inside the bones [ spongy material called marrow]. Blood contains about […]


To generate identical copies of a region of a DNA molecule or to generate genetically identical copies of a cell, or organism;


A structure consisting of DNA and regulatory proteins found in the nucleus of the cell. The DNA in the nucleus is usually divided up among several chromosomes. The number of chromosomes in […]


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A virus is an obligate intracellular parasite, consists of a single nucleic acid, RNA or DNA, encoding the viral genome surrounded by a protein coat, and is capable of replication only within […]