Category Archives: Parliamentary Practice

MANUAL OF PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURES IN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

Government of india

1 Introduction
2 General Questions
3 Questions
4 Laying of Papers on the Table of the House
5 Motions, Official Statements, Short Duration Discussions & Resolutions
6 Presidents Address
7 Budget
8 Assurances
9 Legislation
10 Legislation in Respect of States under the Presidents Rule
11 Subordinate Legislation
12 Committees of Parliament
13 Consultative Committees
14 Nomination of Members of Parliament on Committees, Councils, Boards, Commissions, etc., set up by the Government
15 Matters raised in the Lok Sabha under Rule 377, in the Rajya Sabha under Rule 180 A-E and in Zero Hour
16 Miscellaneous

STANDING COMMITTEES OF PARLIAMENT

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Lok Sabha

        Sl. Name of the Committee Whether elected or nominated No. of members Term
1 2 3 4 5
1. Business Advisory Committee Nominated 15 Till reconstituted
2. Committee on Private Members’ Bills and Resolutions Nominated 15 One year
3. Committee on Petitions Nominated 15 Till reconstituted
4. Committee on Estimates Elected 30 One year
5. Committee of Privileges Nominated 15 Till reconstituted
6. Committee on Subordinate Legislation Nominated 15 One year
7. Committee on Government Assurances Nominated 15 One year
8. Committee on Absence of Members from the Sittings of the House Nominated 15 One year
9. Rules Committee Nominated 15 Till reconstituted
10. General Purposes Committee Nominated @ Till reconstituted
11. House Committee Nominated 15 One year
12. Public Accounts Committee Elected 22

(15- Lok Sabha)
( 7-Rajya Sabha)*

One year
13. Committee on Public Undertakings Elected 22

(15- Lok Sabha)
( 7-Rajya Sabha)*

One year
14. Library Committee Nominated 9

(6- Lok Sabha)
(3-Rajya Sabha)*

One year
15. Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Elected 30

(20-Lok Scheduled Tribes Sabha)
(10-Rajya Sabha)*

One year
16. Committee on Papers Laid on the Table Nominated 15 One year

 

@  Consisting of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker, members of the Panel of Chairmen, Chairmen of all Standing Committees of the Lok Sabha, leaders of recognized parties and groups and such other members as may be nominated by the Speaker.

* Members of the Rajya Sabha are also associated with these committees

 Rajya Sabha

Sl. Name of the Committee Whether  elected or nominated No. of members Term
1 2 3 4 5
1. Business Advisory Committee Nominated 11 (including Chairman & Deputy Chairman) Till reconstituted
2. Committee of Privileges Nominated 10 -do-
3. Committee on Petitions Nominated 10 -do-
4. Committee on Rules Nominated 16 -do-
5. Committee on Subordinate Legislation Nominated 15 -do-
6. Committee on Government Assurances Nominated 10 -do-
7. House Committee Nominated 7 -do-
8. General Purposes Committee Nominated @@ *
9. Committee on Papers Laid on the Table Nominated 10 Till reconstituted
10. Committee on MPLAD Scheme Nominated 10 Tenure of the Members (in RS)
11. Ethics Committee Nominated 10 Till reconstituted
12. Committee on Provision of computers to MPs (RS) Nominated 7 Tenure of the Members (in RS)

@@  Consisting of the Chairman, Deputy Chairman, panel of Vice Chairman, Chairman of all Standing Committees of the Rajya Sabha, Leaders of recognized parties and groups and such other members as may be nominated by the Chairman.

* Not provided in the rules but is constituted every year.

 Joint Committess

        Sl. Name of the Committee Whether elected or nominated No. of members Term
1 2 3 4 5
1. Joint Committee on Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament Nominated 15 (10- Lok Sabha) ( 5-Rajya Sabha) One year
2. Joint Committee on offices of Profit Elected 15 (10- Lok Sabha) (5-Rajya Sabha) Co-terminus with the life of Lok Sabha
3. Committee on the Empowerment of Women Nominated 30 (20-Lok Sabha) (10- Rajya Sabha) One year
4. Joint Parliamentary Committee on the functioning of Wakf Boards Nominated 30 (20-Lok Sabha) (10- Rajya Sabha) No fixed tenure
5. Joint Committee on Security in Parliament House complex Nominated 10 (7-Lok Sabha) (3- Rajya Sabha) No fixed tenure

 Source: Ministry of Parliamentary affairs 

Parliamentary Terms 1

Parliament

act
adjourn
adjourn for more than 3 days
adjournment sine die
adjournment to a day and time certain
advice and consent
amendment
amendment in the nature of a substitute
appeal
appropriation
authorization
authorizations act
balanced budget
baseline
bill
budget authority
budget resolution
Calendar of Business
caucus
chairman
chaplain
“christmas tree” bill
class
clean bill
cloakroom
closed sessions
cloture
committee
committee amendment
committee calendar
committee jurisdiction
committee membership
committee on committees
committee print
committee substitute
companion bill or measure
concurrent resolution
conditional adjournment
conferees
conference committee
conference, party
conference report
confirmation
Congressional Record
consideration
continuing resolution/continuing appropriations
controlled time
deficit (surplus)
discretionary spending
enacted
engrossed bill
enrolled bill
entitlement
ex officio
executive business
Executive Calendar
executive communication
executive session
filibuster
fiscal year
floor
floor amendment
floor leaders
floor manager
germane
hearing
hold
item veto
joint committee
joint meeting
joint resolution
joint session
journal
“lame duck” session
layover
leave to sit
legislative day
legislative session
majority leader
majority whip
mandatory spending
markup
measure
minority leader
minority whip
morning business
motion to instruct
motion to proceed to consider
motion to table
“must pass” bill
nomination
nongermane amendment
obligation
off-budget entities
original bill
outlays
override of a veto
oversight
parliamentarian
parliamentary inquiry
permanent appropriation
pocket veto
point of order
policy committees
president of the Senate
president pro tempore
presidential signature
presiding officer
private law
pro forma session
proxy voting
public debt
public law
question
quorum
quorum call
ranking minority member
receipts
recess
recognize
reconciliation bill
reconciliation instruction
reconciliation process
reconsider
referral
regular meeting day
relevant
report
rescission
Riddick’s Senate Procedure
rider
roll call vote
scheduling
scorekeeping
secretaries, party
secretary of the Senate
select or special committee
Senate Manual
senator
seniority
sergeant at arms
session
simple resolution
slip law
standing committee
star print
statement of managers
statutes at large
statutory limit on the public debt
subcommittee
supplemental appropriation
supplemental, minority, and additional views
table, motion to
trust funds
unanimous consent
unanimous consent agreement
user fees
veto
vice president
voice vote
vote
whips
yeas and nays
yield
yield the floor
yield time

ADJOURNMENT MOTIONS

Parliament

A Parliamentary procedural term

The purpose of Adjournment Motion is to draw the attention of the House to a definite matter of urgent public importance and seek discussion on the subject forthwith by adjourning the Business before the House. This gives an opportunity to a member to raise an issue to discuss it thereadbare on the Floor of the House. The principal ingredients of the motion are as follows :

(i) The matter raised should be a definite one. It must relate to some precise, recent action or omission of the Government.

(ii) The matter raised should be urgent. It has arisen suddenly and it is in the nature of urgency and it brooks no delay;

(iii) The matter raised should be of public importance. The importance of the matter demands interruption of the Business of the House by means of adjournment of the normal Business of the House. It is a question of public concern.

Notice :
Notice of adjournment motion in triplicate addressed to the Speaker, the Minister concerned and to the Secretary should be given to the Secretary one hour before the commencement of the sitting on the day on which the motion is proposed to be made.

Restrictions on right to make motion :

The right to move the adjournment of the Assembly for the purpose of discussing a definite matter of urgent public importance shall be subject to the following restrictions –

(i) Not more than one such motion shall be made at the same sitting;
(ii) Not more than one matter shall be discussed on the same motion;
(iii) The motion shall be restricted to a specific matter of recent occurrence;
(iv) The motion shall not raise a question of privilege;
(v) The motion shall not revive discussion on a matter which has been discussed
in the same Session;
(vi) The motion shall not anticipate a matter which has previously been posted for
consideration. In determining whether a discussion is out of order on the
ground of anticipation, regard shall be had by the Speaker to the probability of
the matter anticipated being brought before the Assembly within a reasonable time;
(vii) The motion shall not raise any question which under Constitution or the rules
can only be raised on a distinct motion by a notice given in writing to the Secretary; and
(viii) The motion must not deal with a matter on which a Resolution could not be
moved.

No motion which seeks to raise discussion on a matter pending before any statutory tribunal or statutory authority performing any judicial or quasi-judicial functions or any Commission or Court of Enquiry or a competent authority appointed to enquire into or investigate any matter is not permitted to be moved. The Speaker may however in his discretion allows such matter being raised in the Assembly as is concerned with the procedure or subject or stage of enquiry if the Speaker is satisfied that it is not likely to prejudice the consideration of such matter by the Tribunal or Commission or Court of Enquiry or Competent Authority.

Consent of the Speaker :

In case the Speaker is satisfied that the matter proposed to be discussed is in order under
the rules, he may give his consent to move the motion.

Mode of asking for leave to move an adjournment motion :

The Speaker, at the appropriate time, that is, after the question hour and before the list of Business is entered upon, calls the members concerned to ask for leave of the House to move the adjournment motion.

If objection to leave being granted is taken, the Speaker requests the members who are
in favour of leave being granted to rise in their places and if not less than one tenth of total membership of the House rise accordingly, the Speaker intimate that leave is granted. If less than one tenth of total membership of the Assembly rise, the Speaker informs the members that he has not sanctioned the leave of the House.

Generally, if a notice is signed by more than one member, it shall be treated to have been given by the first signatory only and when such member is available in the House, there is no need for the rest to be present.

Time for taking up motion :

If leave of the house has been given for making the motion, the Speaker informs the
House that the motion will be taken up the same day or at the request of the Leader of
the House or any Minister in his absence, on the next day at the hour appointed by the
Speaker.
Where the Speaker is of the view that the notice of adjournment motion is not
admissible, he refuses his consent. The Speaker may, if necessary, hear the member
concerned before refusing his consent or holding the motion as not being in order.

Form of question to be put :

On a motion for the purpose of discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance, the only question that may be put should be “that the Assembly do now adjourn.”
If the debate is not concluded within two hours from the time at which it was commenced, it shall automatically terminate and thereafter no question shall be put. The Assembly may proceed to transact other Business for the day after the debate on the motion has concluded.