Outlines of Encyclopaedia of Philosophy-by Rudolf Hermann Lotze-1887

. ‘Philosophy’ should not be considered as an employment of the thinking faculty, which attempts to solve problems of its own, that are otherwise wholly unknown, by means and methods just as peculiar and otherwise unheard of; and which, therefore, makes its appearance as a kind of luxury superfluous to our real life.

Right to Development : China’s Philosophy, Practice and Contribution

China, with a population of over 1.3 billion, is the largest developing country in the world. Development is the top priority of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in governance and national revitalization, and the key to resolving all other problems. Based on its prevailing conditions, China adheres to the Chinese socialist path and to the philosophy that development is of paramount importance. China integrates the principle of universal application of human rights with the country's reality. While striving to enhance the people's wellbeing through development and materialize their right to development, China endeavors to achieve higher-level development by protecting their right to development. In this regard, China has made notable progress and blazed a path in protecting human rights during the development of human civilization.

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus-Introduction by Bertrand Russell-1922

Mr Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, whether or not it prove to give the ultimate truth on the matters with which it deals, certainly deserves, by its breadth and scope and profundity, to be considered an important event in the philosophical world. Starting from the principles of Symbolism and the relations which are necessary between words and things in any language, it applies the result of this inquiry to various departments of traditional philosophy, showing in each case how traditional philosophy and traditional solutions arise out of ignorance of the principles of Symbolism and out of misuse of language.

An introduction to the philosophy of conciousness-James Ferrier-1838

An Introduction to the Philosophy of ConsciousnessPart 1 James Frederick Ferrier February 1838 Chapter I. Among the fables of the East there is a story which runs thus. A certain young man inherited from his forefathers a very wonderful lamp, which for…

The Philosophy of Atheism-Emma Goldman-1916

The philosophy of Atheism represents a concept of life without any metaphysical Beyond or Divine Regulator. It is the concept of an actual, real world with its liberating, expanding and beautifying possibilities, as against an unreal world, which, with its spirits, oracles, and mean contentment has kept humanity in helpless degradation.

Future evolution of Man-The divine life upon earth-Sri Aurobindo-1963

THE earliest preoccupation of man in his awakened thoughts and, as it seems, his inevitable and ultimate preoccupation, – for it survives the longest periods of scepticism and returns after every banishment, – is also the highest which his thought can evisage. It manifests itself in the divination of Godhead, the impulse towards perfection, the search after pure Truth and unmixed Bliss, the sense of a secret immortality. The ancient dawns of human knowledge have left us their witness to this constant aspiration; today we see a humanity satiated but not satisfied by victorious analysis of the externalities of Nature preparing to return to its primeval longings. The earliest formula of Wisdom promises to be its last, – God, Light, Freedom, Immortality.

Spiritual legacy of Mao Zedong

In 1999, the Ministry of Education listed the Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought as a required course in undergraduate curricula and demanded that each college student spend at least 40 credit hours to learn the course and a pass an exam when applying to graduate schools.

Hegel’s Lectures on Aristotle-1822

There is a quite generally held opinion that the Aristotelian and Platonic philosophies are directly opposed, the one being idealistic and the other realistic, and that, indeed, in the most trivial sense. For Plato is said to have made the ideal his principle, so that the inward idea creates from itself; according to Aristotle, on the contrary, we are told that the soul is made a tabula rasa, receiving all its determinations quite passively from the outer world; and his philosophy is thus mere empiricism – Locke’s philosophy at its worst. But we shall see how little this really is the case. In fact Aristotle excels Plato in speculative depth, for he was acquainted with the deepest kind of speculation – idealism – and in this upholds the most extreme empirical development.

Mozi-one become an instrument for all the world

When ministers and subordinates give importance to their offices yet do not speak, close ministers fall silent, distant officials mumble under their breaths, unrest binds the heart of the people, sycophantic flattery by those at their sides surrounds superiors, and good counsel is obstructed, the state is endangered.

Sanat-sujata explained how to avoid death in Mahabharata

सनत-सुजात-Free from all kinds of duality, it is manifest as the universe and all-pervading. Men of learning say that it is without any change, except in the language used to describe it. The Soul is the cause of my birth and procreation. I am the warp and woof of the universe. That upon which I rest is indestructible. Unborn I move, awake day and night. It is I knowing whom one becometh both learned and full of joy. Subtler than the subtle, of excellent eyes capable of looking into both the past and the future, Brahman is awake in every creature.

Of Peace of Mind by Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BCE – 65)

What we are seeking, then, is how the mind may always pursue a steady, unruffled course, may be pleased with itself, and look with pleasure upon its surroundings, and experience no interruption of this joy, but abide in a peaceful condition without being ever either elated or depressed: this will be "peace of mind."

સર્વોદય: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી-1908

પશ્ચિમના દેશમાં સાધારણ રીતે એમ માનવામાં આવે છે કે વધારે માણસનું (મૅજોરિટીનું) સુખ - તેઓનો ઉદય - એ વધારવાનું માણસનું કામ છે. સુખ એટલે માત્ર શારીરિક સુખ, પૈસાટકાનું સુખ, એવો અર્થ કરવામાં આવે છે. એવું સુખ મેળવવામાં નીતિના નિયમોનો ભંગ થાય તેની ખાસ દરકાર કરવામાં આવતી નથી. તેમ જ વધારે માણસોનું સુખ જાળવવું એવો હેતુ રાખ્યો છે, તેથી જો થોડાને દુઃખ દઈને વધારેને સુખ અપાય તો તેમ કરવામાં હરકત છે એમ પશ્ચિમના લોકો માનતા નથી. એવું માનતા નથી તેનું પરિણામ આપણે પશ્ચિમના બધા મુલકોમાં જોઈએ છીએ.