A Fake Letter produced by Republic of Macedonia purportedly written by Alexander to Aristotle to make him god

The purpose of writing this letter has been described as below:

If I ask you now as my wise friend and guide to prepare the way by philosophy and to justify my proclamation as god in such a way as to be acceptable to my Greeks and Macedonians, I do so as a responsible politician and statesman..



To Aristotle of Stagirus,

director of the school at Athens

My great and beloved teacher, dear Aristotle!

It is a very, very long time since I wrote to you; but as you know I have been over-occupied with military matters, and while we were marching through Hyrcania, Drangiana, and Gedrosia, conquering Bactria, and advancing beyond the Indus, I had neither the time nor the inclination to take up my pen. I have now been back in Susa for some months; but I have been so overwhelmed with administrative business, appointing officials, and mopping up all kinds of intrigues and revolts, that I have not had a moment till today to write to you about myself. Of course, you know roughly from the official reports what I have been doing; but both my devotion to you and my confidence in your influence on cultivated Hellenic circles urge me once more to open my heart to you as my revered teacher and spiritual guide.

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Kalinga Emperor Kharavela, the performer of Rajsuya Yagna and his Declaration

Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharavela of Kalinga[3rd-2nd Century BCE] 

(Line 1) Salutation to the Arhats. Salutation to all the Siddhas. By illustrious Kharavela, the Aira (Aila), the Great King, the descendant of Mahameghavahana, the increaser (of the glory) of the Cheti (Chedi) dynasty, (endowed ) with excellent and auspicious marks and features, possessed of virtues which have reached (the ends of) the four quarters, overlord of Kalinga,

(L. 2) for fifteen years, with a body ruddy and handsome were played youthsome sport; after that (by him who) had mastered (royal) correspondence, currency, finance, civil and religious laws (and) who had

become well-versed in all (branches) of learning, for nine years (the office of) Yuvaraja (heir apparent) was administered.

Having completed the twenty-fourth year, at that time, (he) who had been prosperous (vardhamana) since his infancy (?) and who (was destined) to have wide conquests as those of Vena,

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Bay of Bengal was ancient Kalinga Sagar

Kalinga Mahodadhi or Kalinga Sagar

The Map of Great Kalinga Emperor Kharvel [3rd-2nd Century BCE]. Kharavel is popular for his rock-cut Hathigumpha inscription.

Other names of Kharvela

Bhikshuraj: because he was devoted to Jain muni who has renounced the world.
Maha Megh Vahan : because he used to ride an elephant named Maha Megh.
Kharvel: As he was the king of the coastal areas.

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The List of Hindu Puranas

Puran means the story of past ages. They are not History in the real sense but they are the repositories of old stories and collection of multiple subjects. Puranas are helpful to know past and supplementary to know Dharma. Nonetheless, Vedas are the only source of Valid Knowledge in connection with Sabda Pramana. Vedas are the only Holy and sacred books of the Sanatan Dharma. Manu Samhita supports this view.

The Puranas which we get in the present forms are not devoid of interpolation or fraudulent change of Slokas, and it appears that corruption inserted into the Text by Western Indologist. For example, in case of Ramayana, Sage Valmiki wrote only six Kandam(Parts) and some unknown persons wrote Uttar kandam (seventh part). Western Indologists put these together as a one Book to prove that Lord Rama was against Dalits and Women. The story of Rama finished with the coronation of Ram. Bhavishya Purāṇam has been completely changed and so many obscure stories have been placed, including the story of Akbar and Muhammad in some low-quality Edition. They are inserted not more than 200years.

Having said so in the foregoing paragraphs, now we don’t have any original Purana written by Vyasa Deva or recited by his disciple Vaisampayana. Vishnu Puran maintains some originality otherwise all Texts available to us in the name of Purana are Fake documents. Till we can use them as much as the support a rational interpretation but with caution, we must not use them for interpretation of Sanatan Dharma or the interpret Holy Vedas.

The place of Purans in Sanatan Dharma

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Udasin Panchayati Bara Akhara

In the said Panth there is a custom that Mahant cannot marry and he is entitled to initiate a ‘Chela’. After the death of Mahant, his eldest chela succeeded to all rights and interests in the properties of his Guru.

It is also a custom in the Panth that on the tenth day of the death of Guru there is a ceremony called Dassehra. Akhand Path of Guru Granth Saheb is performed and Bhog is offered and eldest chela of the deceased Guru is acknowledged as the heir of the deceased, whereafter he is known as ‘Mahant’.

The Last days of Caitanya Mahāprabhu

The man without bondage

The Last days of Caitanya Mahāprabhu as per Krishnadas Kaviraja

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu-[18 February 1486 – 14 June 1533]

Original Text is in Bengali

18.1: In the brilliant autumn moonlight, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu mistook the sea for the river Yamunā. Greatly afflicted by separation from Krishna, He ran and dove into the sea and remained unconscious in the water the entire night. In the morning, He was found by His personal devotees. May that Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, the son of mother Śacī, protect us by His transcendental pastimes.

18.2: All glories to Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu! All glories to Nityānanda Prabhu! All glories to Advaita Ācārya! And all glories to all the devotees of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu!

18.3: While thus living at Jagannātha Purī, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu floated all day and night in an ocean of separation from Krishna.

18.4: During a night of the autumn season when a full moon brightened everything, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu wandered all night long with His devotees.

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January 1, 1562 was declared New Year instead of April 1: Decree of Charles

French King Charles IX in 1563  modified the French calendar by moving the opening of the year from Easter Day to January 1st. Later a law passed by the French Parliament on Dec. 22, 1564.

January took the name from God Janus.  In 46 BC, Julius Caesar reformed the Roman Calendar and adopted 12 months system instead of a 10-month system.

In 1582, Pope Gregory issued a papal bull in the same direction, but in France, it was already in practice from 1st January 1565 by the law of parliament. Other Christian countries soon started to adopt them. So 1st official ‘April fool’ day was on 1st April 1565 to play a prank on the people by the official clowns.

In Britain, the new year was started on January 1 in 1752.

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The man without bondage

Navadwip, a town in the Nadia district of Bengal, situated on the river Ganges, 75 miles north of Calcutta, was a great trading centre and seat of Hindu learning in the 15th century.

Sanskrit logic (nyáy) for which Bengal is most famous among all the provinces of India, was very highly developed and studied here, and the fame of its scholars was unsurpassed in the land. But, if we may believe the biographers of Chaitanya, the atmosphere of the town was sceptical and unspiritual. There was a lack of true religious fervour and sincere devotion. Proud of their intellectuality, proud of the vast wealth they acquired by gifts from rich Hindus, the local pandits despised bhakti or devotion as weak and vulgar, and engaged in idle ceremonies or idler amusements. Vedantism formed the topic of conversation of the cultured few; wine and goat’s meat were taken to kindly by the majority of the people, and such Shakta rites as were accompanied by the offering of this drink and food to the goddess and their subsequent consumption by her votaries, were performed with zeal and enthusiasm.

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Vedic Literature: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (1894)



I had recently occasion to inspect, as an official Visitor, a Vedic Tol, the only one, I believe, in this city. I found there were nine students only on the rolls—so to speak, and of these two or three only were graduates of the University. This appeared to me to be very disheartening evidence of the slight interest taken by our educated young men in the Vedic studies. I do not mean to say that all educated Hindus should be Vedic scholars—practically this would be impossible, but I am strongly of opinion that all Hindus who are willing to go through a course of “Higher Training”, as we call it, ought to possess a certain amount of knowledge, even if only second-hand knowledge, of the great Vedic Literature of our country: and that at least an appreciable proportion of them ought to be competent scholars who derive their knowledge from the original sources.

I do not forget that there are great difficulties in the way of Vedic studies. In the first place, the student of the Vedas must be a good Sanskrit scholar, and, I regret to think, that good Sanskrit scholars among our educated young men are now less numerous than they used to be before the bifurcation of studies sanctioned by the University. In the next place, not only must the student himself be a competent Sanskrit scholar, but he must also find a competent teacher for himself. By competent teacher, I mean one who has made the Vedas his special study, and has himself been trained in that study by a competent teacher. If it is rather rare to find among my educated countrymen, a good Sanskrit scholar, it is far rarer to find a duly qualified teacher. Then there is the caste difficulty—no orthodox Vedic teacher will consent to impart Vedic knowledge to a Sudra. Lastly, the life of a Vedic scholar is, in these days, a life of poverty, unless you can add to your devotion to the Vedas the energetic pursuit of some other calling more likely to soothe the pangs of hunger.

These are the difficulties in your way, but let us not forget that although a knowledge of Sanskrit is more general in this country than in Europe, there are probably more Vedic scholars in Europe than in this country. True, Europeans have not to contend with the same difficulties that we have. There are no caste distinctions there to deter the low-born Sudra from his coveted learning, and in the cold regions which are the favourite haunts of the Ocean-born Lakshmi, the pangs of hunger can hardly make themselves felt under the burden of exhaustless supply of meat and beer. What, however is more to the point is, that a race of men accustomed to solve unaided the most difficult problems of life and nature do not stand in need of teachers when any branch of knowledge has to be mastered. Most European Vedic scholars are men who have taught the Vedas to themselves. I do not mean to say that the help of such a teacher of the Vedas, as can be found among the natives of India only, would have not tended to improve the character of their Vedic knowledge. But still they are models of industry, perseverance, and energetic pursuit of knowledge, which you should keep before you when you take up in earnest such a study as Vedic Literature.

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Rousing Call to Hindu Nation: Swami Vivekananda

swami-vivekananda- Narendranath


Rejuvenated glorious Bharat

“It is only the Vedic religion which considers ways and means and lays down rules for the fourfold attainment of man, comprising Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. Buddha ruined us, and so did Christ ruin Greece and Rome! Then, in due course of time, fortunately, the Europeans became Protestants, shook off the teachings of Christ as represented by Papal authority, and heaved a sigh of relief. In India, Kumârila again brought into currency the Karma-Mârga, the way of Karma only, and Shankara and Râmânuja firmly re-established the Eternal Vedic religion, harmonising and balancing in due proportions Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. Thus the nation was brought to the way of regaining its lost life; but India has three hundred million souls to wake, and hence the delay”.

“When a man has begun to be ashamed of his ancestors, the end has come. Here am I, one of the least of the Hindu race, yet proud of my race, proud of my ancestors. I am proud to call myself a Hindu, I am proud that I am one of your unworthy servants. I am proud that I am a countryman of yours, you the descendants of the sages, you the descendants of the most glorious Rishis the world ever saw”.

Rousing Call to Hindu Nation or Swami Vivekananda’s Rousing Call to the Hindu Nation (1963) is a compilation of Indian Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda’s writings and speeches edited by Eknath Ranade the leader of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The book was published in 1963, in the birth centenary of Vivekananda.

Rousing Call To Hindu Nation[Dounload PDF]

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