Basics of International Trade Law

International Trade Law include conventions, model laws, and rules which are acceptable worldwide. A convention is a binding instrument under international law for States and other treaty-making entities that choose to become parties to it. In the case of treaties, a State which signs a treaty does not automatically become a party to it. For it to be bound in accordance with international law, it must carry out another act such as ratification or accession, and the treaty has entered into force. Then a State also has to enact a national legislation so that the provisions of the Treaty may be applied in its territory.

  1. International Commercial Arbitration and Conciliation
  2. International Sale of Goods (CISG) and Related Transactions
  3. Security Interests
  4. Insolvency
  5. International Payments mechanism
  6. International Transport of Goods
  7. Electronic Commerce
  8. Procurement and Infrastructure Development
  9. Online Dispute Resolution

Red

International intergovernmental organizations

 

General Council

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Trade Policy Review Body

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Agency for International Trade Information and Cooperation (AITIC)

Council for Trade in Goods

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Customs Organization (WCO)

Council for Trade in Services

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

Council for Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

African Intellectual Property Organization (Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle, OAPI)
African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Customs Organization (WCO)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status
World Health Organization (WHO)
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status on a meeting-by-meeting basis

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC)

 

Committee on Anti-dumping practices

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Committee on subsidies and countervailing measures

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Committee on Safeguards

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Committee on Agriculture

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Grains Council (IGC)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations World Food Programme (WFP)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status on a meeting-by-meeting basis
Inter-American Institute for Agricultural Cooperation (IICA)

Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

FAO International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)
FAO/WHO Joint Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status on a meeting-by-meeting basis

African Union (AU)
Caribbean Agricultural Health and Food Safety Agency (CAHFSA)
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
Gulf Cooperation Council Standardization Organization (GSO)
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Inter-American Institute for Agricultural Cooperation (IICA)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Regional International Organization for Plant Protection and Animal Health (OIRSA)
Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS)
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
West African Economic and Monetary Union / Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (WAEMU/UEMOA)

International intergovernmental organizations whose request is pending

Asian and Pacific Coconut Community (APCC)
Center for Agricultural Bioscience International (CABI)
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
International Cocoa Organization (ICCO)
International Vine and Wine Office (OIV)

Committee on Balance of Payments Restrictions

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

Committee on Regional Trade Agreements

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization of American States (OAS)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status on a meeting-by-meeting basis
Latin American Association for Integration (ALADI)

Committee on Trade and Development

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
ANDEAN Community
Caribbean Community Secretariat (CARICOM)
Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CAEMC)
Commonwealth Secretariat
Cooperation Council for the Arab of States of the Gulf (GCC)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
International Grains Council (IGC)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
Latin American Economic System (SELA)
Latin American Association for Integration (ALADI)
Organization of American States (OAS)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Permanent Secretariat of the General Treaty on Central American Economic Integration (SIECA)
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
World Bank

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status on a meeting-by-meeting basis
African Union (AU)
Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) (1)
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
Inter-Arab Investment Guarantee Cooperation (IAIGC)
International Coffee Organization (ICO)
Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)
Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)
Pacific Islands Forum
South Centre
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Committee on Trade and Environment

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Bioversity International (ex International Plant Genetic Resources Institute)
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
Latin American Economic System (SELA)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Pacific Islands Forum
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
World Bank
World Customs Organization (WCO)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

International intergovernmental organizations having ad hoc observer status
Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)
Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC)

Committee on Market Access

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Customs Organization (WCO)

Committee on import licensing

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

Committee on Rules of Origin

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Textiles and Clothing Bureau (ITCB)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Customs Organization (WCO)

Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group (ACP)
African Organization for Standardisation (ARSO)
Bureau International des Poids et des Mesures (BIPM)
CARICOM Regional Organization for Standards and Quality (CROSQ)
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Standardization Organization (GSO)
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Office of Epizootics (OIE)
International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
Latin American Association for Integration (ALADI)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
WHO/FAO Codex Alimentarius Commission
World Bank
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)

Committee on Trade-Related Investment Measures

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

 

Committee on Customs Valuation

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Customs Organization (WCO)

Committee on Trade in Financial Services

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

Working Party on GATS Rules

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

 

Working Party on Domestic Regulation

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

Committee on Specific Commitments

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank

Working Group on Trade, Debt and Finance

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Working Group on Trade and Transfer of Technology

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
World Bank

Committee on Government Procurement

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Committee on Trade in Civil Aircraft

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Committee of Participants on the Expansion of Trade in Information Technology Products

International Trade Centre (ITC)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
World Customs Organization (WCO) (2)

Bodies established by the TNC

Committee on Agriculture, Special Sessions

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
International Grains Council (IGC)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations World Food Programme (WFP)
World Bank (WB)

Council for Trade in Services, Special Sessions

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
International Trade Centre (ITC)
United Nations (UN)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank (WB)

IGOs invited on an ad-hoc/meeting-by-meeting basis
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

Committee on Trade and Environment, Special Sessions

IGOs invited on an ad-hoc/meeting-by-meeting basis
Basel Convention
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Flora (CITES)
Montreal Protocol
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Rotterdam Convention
Stockholm Convention
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
World Customs Organization (WCO)

Negotiating Group on Trade Facilitation

IGOs invited on an ad-hoc/meeting-by-meeting basis
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
World Bank (WB)
World Customs Organization (WCO)

Goods and Services under legal effect

GOODS

A4 Copy Paper
Agricultural Goods
Agricultural Producers
Agricultural Products
Agricultural and Food
Aircraft
Airport Construction
Alcoholic Beverages
All Goods
Aluminium and Steel Products
Ammonium nitrate
Animal Products
Animals
Apparel
Apples
Asbestos
Automobile Parts
Automobiles
Automotive Leather
Automotive
BSE
Bananas
Batteries
Beef
Beer
Biaxially Oriented Polypropylene Film
Biodiesels
Blanketing
Bovine Meat
Broiler Products
Broom Corn Brooms
Building materials industries
Buses
Butter
Byrd Amendment
Carbon Steel Welded Pipe
Carousel
Carton Board
Cast Iron
Cattle
Cellulose Pulp
Cement
Ceramic Floor Tiles
Cereals
Certain Agricultural and Manufacturing Products
Certain Goods
Certain Products
Change of Ownership
Chicken Meat
Chicken Products
Cigarettes
Coconut
Coffee
Cold-Rolled Flat Steel Products
Commercial Aircraft
Computers
Corn Gluten Feed
Cotton Yarn
Cotton
Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Products
Customs Bond
Customs
DRAMS
DSU
Dairy Products
Diamond Sawblade
Domestic Support
Drill Bits
Edible Oils
Electric Transformers
Energy
Environmental Charge
Export Related Measures
Export Restrictions
Fasteners
Fatty Alcohol
Feed-In Tariff Program
Fibreboard
Film Tax
Fish fillets
Fish
Flat-rolled product of iron
Flight Management System
Flour
Footwear
Foreign Sales Corporations
Fresh avocados
GMOs
Garlic
Gasoline
General System of Preferences
General
Grain
Grants and Loans
Groundnuts
Harbour Maintenance Tax
Hardware industries
Herring
Hides and Skins
High-Fructose Corn Syrup
Hormones, Meat
Horticultural Products
Hot-rolled Steel
Import Licensing
Import Measures
Import Restrictions
Import bans
Importation
Imported spirits
Indicative Prices
Information Technology Products
Iron and Steel Products
Jute Bags
Labelling
Lamb
Large Residential Washers
Leather
Lemons
Light Commercial Vehicles
Light industry
Lumber
Macaroni and Spaghetti
Machinery and Appliances
Massachusetts-Myanmar
Matches
Meat
Medical products
Methodologies
Minimum Import Prices
Myanmar-Massachusetts
Non-Agricultural Goods
Non-alloy steel
Olive Oil
Orange Juice
Other Products
PET
Packaging
Pangasius Seafood Product
Paper Sheets, Coated Woodfree
Paper
Pasta
Peaches
Periodicals
Pet Food
Petrochemical
Pharmaceutical
Photographic Film and Paper
Pipe and Tube Products
Pneumatic valves
Polyethylene and Polypropylene
Polypropylene
Pork and Poultry
Pork
Ports of Entry
Poultry
Price Band
Primary Aluminium
Processed Cheese
Procurement
Publications
Quantitative Restrictions
Railway equipment and parts
Rare Earths
Raw Materials
Raw and Semi-finished
Recycling Fee
Renewable Energy
Resins
Rice
Rum
Salmon
Sardines
Satellite Equipment
Scallops
School Exercise Books
Seal
Seaweed / Laver
Section 211
Section 306 of 1974 US Trade Act
Section 771(5) of US 1930 Tariff Act
Sections 301-310
Shelf-life of Products
Ships
Shrimps
Soft Drinks
Solar Energy
Solar Panels
Soybean Oil
Special chemical engineering
Spirits
Stainless Steel
Steel Pipes
Steel
Sugar Syrups
Sugar
Supercalendered Paper
Swine
Swordfish
Tax Treatment for Exports
Tax Treatment on Imports
Tax
Telecommunications Equipment
Telecommunications Procurement
Televisions
Testing and certification requirements
Textile Products
Textiles
Tobacco
Tomatoes
Traffic in Transit
Transfer of Technology
Transit
Tubular Goods
Tuna
Tyres
USB flash drives
Urea, Solid
Vehicles
Washers
Water, Bottled
Wheat Gluten
Wheat
Wind Power Equipment
Wine (Oenological Practices)
Wine
Wood
X-ray Security Inspection Equipment
Zeroing

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

All Intellectual Property Rights
Copyright and Related Rights
Geographical Indications
Industrial Designs
Layout-Designs
Music in Bars
Omnibus Appropriations Act, Section 211
Patents
Pharmaceuticals
Section 337
Sound Recordings
Trademarks
Undisclosed Information

SERVICES

Audiovisual entertainment products
Business
Communication
Cuba Act
Distribution
Educational
Electronic Payment Services
Engineering
Environmental
Film Distribution Services
Financial
Gambling and Betting
General
Health and Social
Helm Burton
International transfers and payments
Media services
Non-immigrant visas
Other
Periodicals
Physical presence
Recreational
Sound Recordings Distribution Services
Telecoms Services
Telephone Directory Services
Tourism
Transport

Special Economic zone

Special Economic Zone    


State SEZ Acts
Gujarat SEZ Act
Haryana SEZ Act
Madhya Pradesh SEZ Act
West Bengal SEZ Act
Tamil Nadu SEZ Act
Punjab SEZ Act

 

State SEZ Policies
Jaharkhand Special Economic Zone Policy
Uttar Pradesh SEZ Revised Policy – 2007 Part – A
Uttar Pradesh SEZ Revised Policy – 2007 Part – B
Karnataka State Policy for Special Economic Zones – 2009
Operational guidelines for Karnataka State Policy – 2009
Punjab Special Economic Zone Policy – 2005
Chandigarh Administration Special Economic Zone Policy – 2005
Kerala Special Economic Zone Policy-2008
West Bengal Special Economic Zone Policy
Maharashtra Special Economic Zone Policy
Madhya Pradesh Special Economic Zone Policy

Quality control in Export trade of India

TagExport-with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means taking out of India to a place outside India.

“Quality control” means any activity having for its object the determination of the quality of a commodity (whether during the process of manufacture or production or subsequently) in order to ascertain whether it satisfies the standard specifications applicable to it or any other specifications stipulated in the export contract and whether it may be accepted for purposes of export.


Export Inspection Council  is the chief regulatorBULLET 2

The Export Inspection Council (EIC) was set up by the Government of India under Section 3 of the Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act, 1963 (22 of 1963), in order to ensure sound development of export trade of India through Quality Control and Inspection and for matters connected thereof.

Export Inspection Council, either directly or through Export Inspection Agencies, its field organisation renders services in the areas of:
Certification of quality of export commodities through installation of quality assurance systems (In-process Quality Control and Self Certification) in the exporting units as well as consignment wise inspection.

5. Functions of the Council.—(1) The functions of the Council shall generally be to advise the Central Government regarding measures for the enforcement of quality control and inspection in relation to commodities intended for export and to draw up programmes therefore, to make, with the concurrence of the Central Government, grants-in-aid to the agencies established or recognised under section 7 and to perform such other functions as maybe assigned to it by or under this Act.
(2) For the purpose of performing its functions, the Council may co-opt as members such number of persons as it thinks fit who have special knowledge and practical experience in matters relating to any commodity or trade therein and any such person shall have the right to take part in the discussions of the Council but shall not have the right to vote and shall not be a member for any other purpose.
(3) The Council may also constitute specialist committees for conducting investigations on special problems connected with its functions.
(4) In the performance of its functions under this Act, the Council shall be bound by such directions as the Central Government may give to it in writing from time to time.


Under the provisions of WTO Agreements, especially the SPS Agreement, several of India’s trading partners have imposed import control systems based on international standards, particularly in food sector. These Agreements also provide for recognition of the export certification system of member trading partners provided it meets the requirments of their import control. EIC, as the official export certification body of India, has initiated dialogue with several of India’s trading partners seeking recognition of its certification.

Presently, EIC’s certification is recognised in the following areas:  BULLET 2

  • Basmati Rice by European Commission (for Certificates of Authenticity).
  • Black Pepper by United States Food & Drug Administration (USFDA) (as per which, any consignment of black pepper from India, not accompanied by EIA’s certificate, is detained on arrival in USA)
  • Fish & Fishery Products by European Commission (as per which, the processing units are specifically approved for export to European Union and the names of approved units sent to the European Commission for formal notification, after which they can export to EU countries)
  • For 85 commodities including Milk products, fruits and vegetable products, household electrical appliances & switches, steel & steel products, electrical cables and cement etc. which are covered under the import inspection scheme of Sri Lanka, which is being operated by Sri Lanka Standards Institute (SLSI). (as per which, consignments of these commodities when accompanied by EIC’s inspection certificate, would not be further subjected to testing by Sri Lankan authorities on its import in Sri Lanka).
  • For various food products which include frozen marine products, jam, preserved goods, sauce, sugar syrup, edible oil and fat etc. by Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) under their Approved Foreign Authorized Inspection Organization Scheme.
  • Food products and Food packaging materials by the Turkish customs authorities.
  • Poultry Meat & its Products by Japan Health Authorities.
  • Iron Ore & General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection & Quarantine by China
  • Egg, Packaged water, Drugs & Pharma, Electrics & Electronics products by Singapore
  • Fishery and Aquaculture products by Italy.
  • Memorandum between FSVPS of Russian Federation and EIC on food and biological safety of fish & fishery products.
  • Recognition of EIC Certification by Govt. of Thailand .
  • Agreement on Trade and safety of feed and feed ingridients between the Export Inspection Council of India and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China.
  • Memorandum of understanding between The Export Inspection Council Of India,Ministry of Commerce and Industry and The United States Food and Drug Administration of the Department of Health and Human Services.
  • Protocol between the Export Inspection Council, Ministry of Commerce andIndustry of the Republic of India and the General Administration of QualitySupervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China for Health and Safety Regulations on Importing Indian Rapeseed Meal.

Ref: THE EXPORT (QUALITY CONTROL AND INSPECTION) ACT, 1963

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Custom Law in India

The Customs Act, 1962

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Customs Act, 1962

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ARROWDirectorate of Revenue Intelligence(DRI)

The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence was  constituted on 4th December 1957, for dealing exclusively with the work relating to the collection and study of information on smuggling activities and the deployment of all anti-smuggling resources at the all India level, besides arranging training for the intelligence and Investigation officers of the Custom Houses and Central Excise Collectorates deployed on similar work.

  • Collection of intelligence about smuggling of contraband goods, narcotics, under-invoicing etc. through sources of India and abroad, including secret sources.

  • Analysis and dissemination of such intelligence to the field formations for action and working on such intelligence, where necessary.
  • Keeping watch over important seizures and investigation cases. Associating or taking over the investigations which warrant specialized handling by the Directorate.
  •  Guiding important investigation/prosecution cases. Keeping liaison with foreign countries, Indian Missions and Enforcement agencies abroad on anti-smuggling matters.
  • To keep liaison with C.B.I. and through them with the INTERPOL. To refer cases registered under the Customs Act to the Income Tax Department for action under the Income Tax Act.
  • To keep statistics of seizures and prices/rates etc. for watching trends of smuggling and supply required material to the Ministry of Finance and other Ministries.
  • To study and suggest remedies for loopholes in law and procedures to combat smuggling.

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 Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) 

Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. It deals with the tasks of formulation of policy concerning levy and collection of Customs & Central Excise duties and Service Tax, prevention of smuggling and administration of matters relating to Customs, Central Excise, Service Tax and Narcotics to the extent under CBEC’s purview. The Board is the administrative authority for its subordinate organizations, including Custom Houses, Central Excise and Service Tax Commissionerates and the Central Revenues Control Laboratory. 

CUSTOMS, EXCISE AND SERVICE TAX APPELLATE TRIBUNAL

 

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Custom Law at a Glance

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Import Tariff

1. Arrival of goods and procedures prior to lodgement of goods  
  a)    Conveyances to call only at Notified Customs Ports / Airports 
b)    Power to board conveyance, to question and to demand documents 
c)    Delivery of Import Manifest
d)    General Conditions 
e)    Amendments 
f)     Penal Liability 
g)    Entry Inwards 
h)    Enclosures to Import General Manifest 
i)     Procedure for filing IGM at Custom Houses operating EDI service centres 
j)     Filing of Stores List 
k)    Unloading and Loading of Goods 
l)     Other liabilities of carriers 
 
2.   Procedure for clearance of Imported Goods  
  a) Bill of Entry – Declaration 
b) Assessment 
c) EDI Assessment 
d) Examination of Goods 
e) Green Channel facility 
f) Payment of Duty 
g) Amendment of Bill of Entry 
h) Prior Entry for Bill of Entry
i) Mother Vessel/Feeder vessel
j) Specialised Schemes
k) Bill of Entry for Bond/Warehousing 
 
 

Export Tariff

⇒    Registration

⇒    Processing of Shipping Bill – Non-EDI

⇒   Processing of Shipping Bill – EDI

⇒    Octroi procedure, Quota Allocation and Other certification for Export Goods

⇒   Arrival of Goods at Docks

⇒   System Appraisal of Shipping Bills

⇒   Status of Shipping Bill

⇒   Customs Examination of Export Cargo

⇒   Variation Between the Declaration & Physical Examination

⇒   Amendments

⇒   Export of Goods Under Claim for Drawback

⇒   Generation of Shipping Bills

⇒   Export General Manifest

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 Sea Port Custom

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Airport Custom

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ARROWBaggage Rules, 1998

As per Rule 7 of the Baggage Rules 1998, a tourist arriving in India shall be allowed clearance free of duty, articles in his bona fide baggage to the extent mentioned in Column (2) Appendix-E which indicates “used personal effects” for personal use of the tourist in India which, if not consumed, could be re-exported when the tourist leaves India for a foreign destination.

ACTS2

Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Revenue, New Delhi

1. xxxxx
2. xxxxx
3. The Baggage Rules, 1998 issued vide Notn. No. 30/98-Cus(NT) dated 2/6/98 has provided for import of duty free goods by tourists in Regulation 7 as contained in Appendix E of the said rules. There is no definition for personal effects in the present Baggage Rules. However, for the sake of uniformity it is considered necessary to reiterate that the personal effects would include the following goods:-
(i) Personal jewellery
(ii) One camera with filmrolls not exceeding twenty
(iii) One video camera/camcorder with accessories and with video cassettes not exceeding twelve
(iv) One pair of binoculars
(v) One portable colour television (not exceeding 15 cms in size)
(vi) One music system including compact disc player
(vii) One portable typewriter
(viii) One permabulator
(ix) One tent and other camping equipment
(x) One computer (laptop/note book)
(xi) One electronic diary
(xii) One portable wireless receiving set (transistor radio)
(xiii) Professional equipments, instruments and Apparatus of appliances including professional audio/video equipments.
(xiv) Sports equipments such as one fishing outfit, one sporting fire arm with fifty cartridges, one non-powdered bicycles, one canoe or ranges less than 51 metres long, one pair of skids, two tennis rackets, one golf set (14 pcs. With a dozen of gold balls.)
(xv) One cell phone

4. It may kindly be noted that while Notn. No. 45/92 defined personal effects as articles both new or used and Rule 11 of Baggage Rules 1994 allowed personal effects of tourists for duty free import, the Baggage Rules 1998 allows only used personal effects of the tourists. It is not the intention of the Board to verify the newness of every product which a traveler brings so long as it is not prima facie new goods in their original packagings which can be disposed of off hand. (emphasis supplied by us)

Sd/-
(Vijay Kumar)
Under Secretary to the Govt. of India

F.No. 495/29/99-Cus-VI
Government of India
Ministry of Finance Department of Revenue, New Delhi Central Board of Excise & Customs New Delhi, the 18th Feb, 2000

Subject: Baggage Rules—Tourist baggage—no endorsement of imports of personal effects on tourists’ passports
1. xxxxx
2. xxxxx
3. It may kindly be ensured that all genuine tourists are allowed to bring in their personal effects without endorsement on the passports and without payment of duty, subject to the terms and conditions prescribed in the Baggage rules, 1998.”
(emphasis supplied by us)

BULLET 2PROTOCOL OF AMENDMENT TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE SIMPLIFICATION AND HARMONIZATION OF CUSTOMS PROCEDURES OF 18 MAY 1973

ARROWThe World Customs Organization (WCO)

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Indian Foreign Trade

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Introduction : Imports and exports are the two important components of a foreign trade. Foreign trade is the exchange of goods and services between the two countries, across their international borders.In India, exports and imports are regulated by the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992, which replaced the Imports and Exports (Control) Act, 1947, and gave the Government of India enormous powers to control it. Continue reading