Doctoral studies, thesis writing, and Research for professional bodies

Systematic Method for writing Ph.D. dissertation

Research Methodology Research Processes
Relevance of Legal Research?

Objective of Legal Research.
Need for Legal Research and Importance of inter-disciplinary approach.
Significance of Legal Research in India.
Legal Research as a profession in India.

Types of Research

  • Doctrinal or Traditional Research.
  • Non-doctrinal or Empirical Research.
  •  Descriptive and Analytical Research.
  •  Applied and Fundamental Research.
  •  Qualitative and Quantitative Research.
  •  Law Reform Research.
  •  Historical Research.
  •  Sociological Research.
  • Research for a Supreme Court Judge
Definition of  Research?

Steps of Research process

  • Identification of Research Problems.
  • Find background information
  • Review of Literature.
  •  Selection of a Research Problem
  • Clarify the Problem
  • Clearly Define Terms and Concepts
  •  Formulation of a Hypothesis.
  •  Research Design.
  •  Hypothesis.

USING INTERNET AND DIGITAL DATABASE

  • USE CATALOGS TO FIND BOOKS AND MEDIA
  • USE INDEXES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES
  • FIND  INTERNET RESOURCES
  • CITATION IN STANDARD FORMAT
Methods of Investigation and tools for collection of data

Primary Data method.
Experimental and Participatory/ Scientific Method.
Case Study Method.
Survey Method.
Discussion Method.
Observation Method.
Interview Method.
Mail Survey Method.
Questionnaire (Open ended and Close ended)
Pilot Study Method.

Secondary Data Method.

  • Case Law Method.
  • Cumulative Record Cards

 Sampling
(i) Advantages and Limitations of Sampling.
(ii) Theoretical basis of Sampling Probability and Non- probability Sampling
(iii) Classifications of sampling

  • Simple Random Sampling
  • Stratified Sampling
  • Cluster Sampling
  • Systematic Sampling
  • Non- random sampling
  • Purposive Sampling
  •  Convenience Sampling
  •  Judgment Sampling

(iv) Sampling and Non- sampling Error.

Tabulation and Evaluation of Data.

Analysis and Interpretation of Data

  • Application of Content Analysis in Legal Research.
  • Analysis of aggregate Data.
    Data Interpretation.
  • Legal input Analysis, the ideal and the practicable.
  • Data Processing- Summarizing of data, Codification and Tabulation.
  • Writing a Research Report- Types, Contents and steps involved in drafting of a Report.

 Scientific Tools in Research

  •  Introduction.
  •  Jurimetrics.
  •  Use of SPSS and other packages in Legal research.
  • Avoiding/Detecting plagiarism.
  • Writing the research
  • Report/Bibliography/Presentation styles

WORKFLOW MANAGEMENT

  1. Team coordination
  2. Working with a Senior Advocate
  3. Working with a Sitting Judge
  4. Working with a  Data Scientist
  5. Understanding Data Mining
  6. Working for Parliamentary Standing Committee
  7. Using Advocatetanmoy Law Library