What is a Nigerian Fraud?
Nigerian Scam is also referred to as “Advance Fee Fraud”, “419 Fraud” after aformerly relevant section of the Criminal Code of Nigeria. The perpetrators are West Africans, primarily Nigerians, operating globally from Nigeria and elsewhere. Most 419 emails originate from or are traceable back to Nigeria. However, some originate from other nations, mostly also West African nations such as Ghana, Togo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast ( Cote D’Ivoire) etc.There is no real crime location in online fraud, which raises issues of under which jurisdiction the crime was committed. In most cases the victim and the criminals live in different countries, which mean multiple police forces have to cooperate. This is complicated by the fact that classic 419 havens such as Nigeria or other West African countries have major corruption problems. Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is in the middle of a civil war and some cities in Nigeria are basically “no go”-areas for the Nigerian federal police.
419 fraud is an industry, that on some estimates makes hundreds of millions of dollars per year. It employs thousands of crooks, who vastly outnumber the police officers who investigate their scams. This is not just a few young guys going to an internet cafe to cheat some foreigners. In many cases, African internet cafes are owned by the gang bosses, who pay young men hourly wages for “working” in 419-sweatshops. These bosses are politically well connected and pay off the right people.
Therefore, don’t expect this problem to go away any time soon. Instead, expect it to get worse. To use a classic phrase from Nigeria scams, these scams are almost “100% RISK FREE” for the scammers. [SOURCE-CID ANDHRA PRADESH]