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    ritu raj JNU

    Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, Done at Montreal on

    28 May 1999 (Montreal Convention of 1999)
    Elmar Giemulla, Ronald Schmid, Regula Dettling-Ott, Wolf Muller-Rostin

    Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air is an indispensable volume consisting of the full English text of the Montreal Convention of 1999 with detailed article-by-article annotation, including all developments to date in case law, legal literature, national and international legislation, and administrative law. After decades of controversy, a unified liability system for international carriage by air was established by the Montreal Convention of 1999, which came into force in November 2003. The legal labyrinth created by the numerous perplexing accretions that had attached themselves to the Warsaw Convention was replaced by the new convention.

    What’s in this book:

    The following crucial aspects of the ongoing developments have been addressed:

    applicability of the Convention;
    documents for carriage;
    liability for death or injury of passengers;
    liability for damages to baggage and cargo and for delay;
    exoneration from liability;
    carriage involving a contractual and an actual carrier;
    time limits for filing a claim and forfeiture;
    exclusivity of the Convention versus applicability of national law; and
    insurance issues.

    This unique book also features a synopsis comparing the Warsaw and Montreal Conventions, IATA Conditions and Resolutions, relevant European Union Regulations, and a list of the contracting parties to the Convention.

    Table Of Contents
    About the Authors

    List of Abbreviations


    Montreal Convention 1999

    Introduction: The System of Liability under the Warsaw Convention and Its Further Development by the Montreal Convention

    Elmar Giemulla

    CHAPTER I – General Provisions

    Article 1: Scope of Application

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 2: Carriage Performed by State and Carriage of Postal Items

    Elmar Giemulla

    CHAPTER II – Documentation and Duties of the Parties Relating to the Carriage of Passengers, Baggage and Cargo

    Article 3: Passengers and Baggage

    Ronald Schmid

    Preliminary Remarks on Articles 4–16

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 4: Cargo

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 5: Contents of Air Waybill or Cargo Receipt

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 6: Document Relating to the Nature of the Cargo

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 7: Description of the Air Waybill

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 8: Documentation for Multiple Packages

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 9: Non-compliance with Documentary Requirements

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 10: Responsibility for Particulars of Documentation

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 11: Evidentiary Value of Documentation

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Preliminary Remarks on Articles 12–15

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 12: Right of Disposition of Cargo

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 13: Delivery of the Cargo

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 14: Enforcement of the Rights of Consignor and Consignee

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 15: Relations of Consignor and Consignee or Mutual Relations of Third Parties

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 16: Formalities of Customs, Police or Other Public Authorities

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    CHAPTER III – Liability of the Carrier and Extent of Compensation for Damage

    Article 17: Death and Injury of Passengers: Damage to Baggage

    Ronald Schmid

    Preface to Article 18

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 18: Damage to Cargo

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 19: Delay

    Ronald Schmid

    Article 20: Exoneration

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 21: Compensation in Case of Death or Injury of Passengers

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 22: Limits of Liability in Relation to Delay, Baggage and Cargo

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 23: Conversion of Monetary Units

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 24: Review of the Limits of Liability

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 25: Stipulation on Limits

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 26: Invalidity of Contractual Provisions

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 27: Freedom to Contract

    Ronald Schmid

    Article 28: Advance Payments

    Ronald Schmid

    Article 29: Basis of Claims

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 30: Servants, Agents: Aggregation of Claims

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 31: Timely Notice of Complaints

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 32: Death of Person Liable

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 33: Jurisdiction

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 34: Arbitration

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 35: Limitation of Actions

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 36: Successive Carriage

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 37: Rights of Recourse Against Third Parties

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    CHAPTER IV – Combined Carriage

    Article 38: Combined Carriage

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    CHAPTER V – Carriage By Air Performed by a Person Other Than the Contracting Carrier

    Article 39: Contracting Carrier – Actual Carrier

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 40: Respective Liability of Contracting and Actual Carriers

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 41: Mutual Liability

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 42: Addresses of Complaints and Instructions

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 43: Servants and Agents

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 44: Aggregation of Damages

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 45: Addressee of Claims

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 46: Additional Jurisdiction

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 47: Invalidity of Contractual Provisions

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    Article 48: Mutual Relations of Contracting and Actual Carriers

    Regula Dettling-Ott

    CHAPTER VI – Other Provisions

    Article 49: Mandatory Application

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 50: Insurance

    Wolf Müller-Rostin

    Article 51: Carriage Performed in Extraordinary Circumstances

    Ronald Schmid

    Article 52: Definition of Days

    Ronald Schmid

    CHAPTER VII – Final Provisions

    Article 53: Signature, Ratification and Entry into Force

    Ronald Schmid

    Article 54: Denunciation

    Ronald Schmid

    Article 55: Relationship with Other Instruments Connected with the Warsaw Convention

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 56: States with More Than One System of Law

    Elmar Giemulla

    Article 57: Reservations

    Elmar Giemulla

    (Final Clause)

    Elmar Giemulla


    Annex I-1: Synopsis of MC, WC, WC/HP

    Annex I-2: Contracting Parties to the Montreal Convention 1999

    Annex II-1: Recommended Practice 1724

    Annex II-2: Recommended Practice 1601 Conditions of Carriage for Cargo

    Annex II-3: General Conditions of Carriage for Passengers and Baggage (flight ticket GCC)

    Annex II-4: General Terms and Conditions of Carriage of Cargo of Lufthansa Cargo Aktiengesellschaft as of March 2022

    Annex II-5: IATA–Resolution 507 B Revalidated for effect 1 October 1989 with indefinite expiry – Use of Surface Transportation

    Annex II-6: Regulation (EC) No 785/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on insurance requirements for air carriers and aircraft operators

    Annex II-7: COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 2027/97 of 9 October 1997 on air carrier liability in respect of the carriage of passengers and their baggage by air as amended by Regulation (EC) No. 889/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 May 2002 amending Council Regulation (EC) No. 2027/97 on air carrier liability in the event of accidents

    Annex II-8: Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004

    Annex III-1a: International Civil Aviation Organization – Notification of Revision of Limits of Liability

    Annex III-1b: International Civil Aviation Organization – Notification of Effective Date of Revised Limits

    Annex III-2a: International Civil Aviation Organization

    Annex III-2b: International Civil Aviation Organization


    ritu raj JNU

    Guide to Global Real Estate Investment Trusts, Eleventh Edition

    Stefano Simontacchi, Ilona McElroy, Rosaleen Carey

    Price: €237.00

    Product Line-Kluwer Law International

    Guide to Global Real Estate Investment Trusts is a highly practical book featuring a comprehensive analysis of legal and tax underpinnings of REIT-friendly legislation in a variety of the world’s most significant jurisdictions. Presently, there are more than thirty REIT regimes globally, the majority of which were enacted over the last fifteen years. The book primarily focuses on building a fundamental knowledge of the most important available REIT legislation and providing a deep analysis of the regulatory and tax laws for the REITs, investors, lawmakers and finance authorities. With regard to the legal framework, the structure and functioning of a REIT are carefully investigated and explained.

    In terms of tax issues, the book focuses on such critical issues as:

    REIT formation, operation and liquidation;
    mergers, acquisitions and dispositions; and
    planning for public and private REIT offerings and re-securitizations.


    General Reports

    Stefano Simontacchi

    Australia – Joshua Cardwell

    Belgium-Grégory Jurion, Evelyne Paquet & Maya van Belleghem

    Brazil-Eduardo Alves de Oliveira

    Bulgaria-Damyan Leshev & Ekaterina Aleksova

    Canada-Chris Vangou, Ken Griffin, Kevin Ng & Alex Howieson

    Finland-Samuli Makkonen & Mikko Leinola

    France-Philippe Emiel

    Germany-Uwe Stoschek

    Greece-Vassilios Vizas & Fredy Yatracou

    Hong Kong-Kwok Kay (KK) So & Jacky Wong

    Hungary-Gergely Juhász & Orsolya Bognár

    India-Bhairav Dalal & Anish Sanghvi

    Ireland-Ilona McElroy & Rosaleen Carey

    Italy-Fabrizio Acerbis & Daniele Di Michele

    Japan-Hiroshi Takagi, Adam Handler & Tomohiro Kandori

    Malaysia-Jennifer Chang

    Mexico-David Cuellar, Mario Alberto Gutierrez & Mario Alberto Rocha

    The Netherlands-Jeroen Elink Schuurman, Serge de Lange & Arief Roelse

    Singapore-Lim Maan Huey & Lennon Lee

    South Africa-Kyle Mandy

    South Korea-Taejin Park, Lee Jae-Dok, Hanna Kim & Sung Yeol Kim

    Spain-Antonio Sánchez Recio, Javier Mateos & Carlos Bravo Gutiérrez

    Turkey-Ersun Bayraktaroglu, Baran Akan & Birim Saran

    United Kingdom-Jonathan Clements

    United States-Tom Wilkin, David Gerstley, Adam Feuerstein, Julanne Allen, David Voss, Steve Tyler, Jordan Adelson & Cindy Mai


    Tax Treaty Issues Related to REITs


    The Granting of Treaty Benefits with Respect to the Income of Collective Investment Vehicles Public Discussion Draft 9 December 2009 to 31 January 2010 Centre for Tax Policy and Administration

    ritu raj JNU

    3D Printing, Intellectual Property and Innovation: Insights from Law and Technology

    Rosa Maria Ballardini, Marcus Norrgård, Jouni Partanen
    Price: €141.00
    Product Line-Kluwer Law International
    Product SKU-10057248-0001

    3D Printing, Intellectual Property and Innovation evaluates the tensions created by 3D printing (3DP) technology in the context of growing global economy. The term ‘3DP’ (or, more correctly, additive manufacturing) refers to the software-driven technologies that create physical objects by successive layering of materials. As a result of the improved quality of objects produced and lowered processing costs, the availability of these technologies has caused major implications not only for manufacturers and distributors but also for users and consumers, raising unprecedented challenges for IP protection and enforcement. This is the first book to discuss 3DP technology from a multidisciplinary perspective that encompasses law, economics, engineering, technology and policy.

    What’s in this book:

    Twenty-five legal, technical and business experts have contributed sixteen peer-reviewed chapters, each focusing on a specific area. The topics covered include:

    current and future business models for 3D printing applications;
    intellectual property rights in 3D printing;
    essential patents and technical standards in additive manufacturing;
    patent and bioprinting;
    private use and 3D printing;
    copyright licences on the user-generated content (UGC) in 3D printing;
    copyright implications of 3D scanning; and
    traditional trademark infringement in the 3D printing context.

    Specific industrial applications – including aeronautics, automotive industries, construction equipment, toy and jewellery making, medical devices, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine – are touched upon in the course of analyses. In a legal context, the central focus is on the technology’s implications for US and European IP law, particularly in patenting bioprinting technologies.


    CHAPTER 1 3D Printing History, Principles and Technologies

    Jukka Tuomi, Sergei Chekurov & Jouni Partanen

    CHAPTER 2 Current and Future Business Models for 3D Printing Applications

    Iñigo Flores Ituarte, Siavash H. Khajavi & Mika Salmi

    CHAPTER 3 Intellectual Property Rights in the Era of 3D Printing

    Marcus Norrgård, Rosa Maria Ballardini & Miia-Mari Kasi

    CHAPTER 4 3D Printing and Intellectual Property Regulation: A Law and Economics Perspective

    Max Oker-Blom

    CHAPTER 5 Rethinking Additive Manufacturing and Intellectual Property Protection

    William Cass

    CHAPTER 6 Patenting Bioprinting-Technologies in the US and Europe: The Fifth Element in the Third Dimension

    Timo Minssen & Marc Mimler

    CHAPTER 7 Law and Technology of 3D Printing and Medical Devices

    Dhanay Cadillo Chandler & Mika Salmi

    CHAPTER 8 The Private and Non-commercial Use Defence Revisited: The Case of 3D Printing Technologies

    Rosa Maria Ballardini & Nari Lee

    CHAPTER 9 Essential Patents and Technical Standards in Additive Manufacturing

    Liguo Zhang, Iñigo Flores Ituarte & Rosa Maria Ballardini

    CHAPTER 10 Copyright Implications of 3D Scanning

    Michael Weinberg

    CHAPTER 11 Regulating Terms and Conditions of Copyright Licences on the User-Generated Content 3D Printing Platform

    Kan He

    CHAPTER 12 The Art of CAD: Copyrightability of Digital Design Files

    Mikko Antikainen & Daniël Jongsma

    CHAPTER 13 EU Design Law and 3D Printing: Finding the Right Balance in a New E-Ecosystem

    Ana Nordberg & Jens Schovsbo

    CHAPTER 14 Non-traditional Trademark Infringement in the 3D Printing Context

    Taina Pihlajarinne

    CHAPTER 15 ISP Liability in the 3D Printing Environment

    Petteri Günther & Marcus Norrgård

    CHAPTER 16 Implementing Digital Rights Management Tools for 3D Printing: Implications from the IPRs Perspective

    Viveca Still


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