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Classes of India and Their Political Roles – A Thesis of the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India (1942)

The Classes of India and Their Political Roles A Thesis of the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India From Fourth International, vol.3 No.3, March 1942, pp.82-87.   The Native Princes The revolt of 1857 represented the last attempt of the old feudal ruling class…

An Eyewitness Report on British “Democracy” in India-Arthur Preis (1941)

British civilization – in Calcutta, a city of almost two million people – doesn’t even provide inspection of city water. Only in the few places where the British and the few native rich live is there purified water. Typhoid plagues are so common, the natives think nothing of it. Hundreds of thousands are wiped out each year in epidemics.

Church of North India (CNI)-1970

The Church of North India as a United and Uniting together is committed to announce the Good News of the reign of God inaugurated through death and resurrection of Jesus Christ in proclamation and to demonstrate in actions to restore the integrity of God's creation through continuous struggle against the demonic powers by breaking down the barriers of caste, class, gender, economic inequality and exploitation of the nature.

RBI Payment and settlements in India: Vision-2019-21

ayment and settlement systems are the backbone of any economy. The last decade has witnessed substantial developments in this area of activity across the country. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), under powers from the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007, has endeavoured to ensure that India has ‘state-of-the-art’ payment and settlement systems that are not just safe and secure, but are also efficient, fast and affordable. Efforts in this direction has yielded handsome results.

RBI Payments Vision-2025

Payments Vision 2025 has been prepared after considering the inputs from various stakeholders and guidance from the Board for Regulation and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems of the RBI. The activities to be taken up during the period up to 2025 as part of Vision 2025 are captured across five anchor goalposts of Integrity, Inclusion, Innovation, Institutionalisation and Internationalisation. They cover 47 specific initiatives and 10 expected outcomes. Payments Vision 2025 builds on the initiatives of Payments Vision 2019-21.

রামমোহন রায় (Rammohan ray) by Rabindranath-1896

একদা পিতৃদেবের নিকট শুনিয়াছিলাম যে, বাল্যকালে অনেক সময়ে রামমোহন রায় তাঁহাকে গাড়ি করিয়া স্কুলে লইয়া যাইতেন; তিনি রামমোহন রায়ের সম্মুখবর্তী আসনে বসিয়া সেই মহাপুরুষের মুখ হইতে মুগ্ধদৃষ্টি ফিরাইতে পারিতেন না, তাঁহার মুখচ্ছবিতে এমন একটি সুগভীর সুগম্ভীর সুমহৎ বিষাদচ্ছায়া সর্বদা বিরাজমান ছিল।

Categories by Aristotle (300 BCE)

Substance, in the truest and primary and most definite sense of the word, is that which is neither predicable of a subject nor present in a subject; for instance, the individual man or horse. But in a secondary sense those things are called substances within which, as species, the primary substances are included; also those which, as genera, include the species. For instance, the individual man is included in the species 'man', and the genus to which the species belongs is 'animal'; these, therefore—that is to say, the species 'man' and the genus 'animal,-are termed secondary substances.

The Poetics – Aristotle (300 BCE)

here is, however, a difference in the Epic as compared with Tragedy, (1) in its length, and (2) in its metre. (1) As to its length, the limit already suggested will suffice: it must be possible for the beginning and end of the work to be taken in in one view—a condition which will be fulfilled if the poem be shorter than the old epics, and about as long as the series of tragedies offered for one hearing.

Auguste Comte and Positivism – John-Stuart Mill (1865)

The fundamental doctrine of a true philosophy, according to M. Comte, and the character by which he defines Positive Philosophy, is the following:—We have no knowledge of anything but Phaenomena; and our knowledge of phaenomena is relative, not absolute. We know not the essence, nor the real mode of production, of any fact, but only its relations to other facts in the way of succession or of similitude. These relations are constant; that is, always the same in the same circumstances. The constant resemblances which link phaenomena together, and the constant sequences which unite them as antecedent and consequent, are termed their laws. The laws of phaenomena are all we know respecting them. Their essential nature, and their ultimate causes, either efficient or final, are unknown and inscrutable to us.