History of the National Assembly of Afghanistan

Article 81 of Constitution of the year 2004 states that the National Assembly of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, as the highest legislative organ, shall manifest the public will, as well as it shall represent the entire nation.

Scotland’s Constitutional Future-Lord Wallace-17/02/2012

Of course, the UK Parliament cannot bind itself and cannot be bound by a referendum – but a referendum does involve a decision being made by the electorate, and the result, especially if it is clear and decisive, is hard for a democratic government to ignore. The fact that the UK Government can, in theory, ignore the result of a referendum set up by Scottish Parliament legislation

Arbitration under Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act-2006

Sub-section 3 of Section 18 of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 provides that where the conciliation fails under the provisions of the Act, the Micro & Small Enterprises Facilitation Council (MSEFC) shall either itself take up the dispute for arbitration or refer it to any institution or centre providing alternate dispute resolution services for such arbitration.

Legislative Texts of UNCITRAL

UNCITRAL legislative texts, such as conventions, model laws, and legislative guides, may be adopted by States through the enactment of domestic legislation. UNCITRAL non-legislative texts, such as the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules, can be used by parties to international trade contracts.

India’s Foreign Trade for June 2021

India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in June 2021* are estimated to be USD 49.85 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 31.87 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 17.17 per cent over June 2019. Overall imports in June 2021* are estimated to be USD 52.18 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 73.65 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 1.08 per cent over June 2019

Japan’s legal position on the development of natural resources in the East China Sea-06/08/2015

Both Japan and China are entitled to Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf up to 200 nautical miles (nm) from their respective territorial sea baseline(note: the baseline from the breadth of which the territorial sea is measured) in accordance with relevant provisions of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

IMF Concludes Surveillance Review 2021 of global crisis resulting from COVID-19 pandemic

Directors agreed with the CSR’s assessment that a macroeconomic landscape characterized by elevated uncertainties about the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic will create difficult trade-offs for policymakers as they seek to achieve inclusive and sustainable growth and stability. Important trends—in digital technology, climate change, inequality, demographics, and geopolitics—affecting economic sustainability will also present opportunities and challenges and, where macro-critical, will need to be incorporated in the Fund’s surveillance.

Washington Declaration signed by King Hussein and Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin at White House-25/07/1994

This document  safeguards Islamic control over the Muslim Holy Sites of Jerusalem, as Israel: “respects the present role of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in the Muslim Holy Shrines in Jerusalem. When negotiations on the permanent status will take place, Israel will give high priority to the Jordanian historic role in these shrines.”

Quran on use of loud speaker

Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Islamic Affairs has imposed restrictions on the use of loudspeakers in mosques, allowing the use of loudspeakers only for calls for prayers (Azan) and Iqamat. A circular(May 23, 2021)  has been issued by Abdul Latif Al Sheikh, Saudi Minister of Islamic Affairs, to all mosques across the Kingdom, to limit the use of loudspeakers only for Azaan and Iqama and lower the volume of loudspeakers to one-third level.

Justice Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report-1972 [Text]

This commission of Inquiry was appointed by the President of Pakistan in December, 1971 to inquire into and find out “the circumstances in which the Commander, Eastern command, surrendered and the members of the Armed Forces of Pakistan under his command laid down their arms and a ceasefire was ordered along the borders of West Pakistan and India and along the ceasefire line in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.” After having examined 213 witnesses the Commission submitted its report in July 1972.