Tag: Judicial Dictionary

Type of tobacco product

“Type of tobacco product” means one or a combination of the following tobacco products:   (a) cigarettes; (b) loose tobacco intended for incorporation into cigarettes; (c) cigars; (d) cigarillos; (e) pipe tobacco; […]


Procedures used to obtain disclosure of evidence before trial Under Civil Procedure Code Se 30 Power to order discovery and the like .—Subject to such conditions and limitations as may be prescribed, […]


Court Government entity authorized to resolve legal disputes. Judges sometimes use “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court has read the briefs.” Court reporter A person […]

Clerk of court

Clerk of court The court officer who oversees administrative functions, especially managing the flow of cases through the court. The clerk’s office is often called a court’s central nervous system.

Bankruptcy petition and key definitions


Article I, Section 8, of the United States Constitution authorizes Congress to enact “uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies.” Under this grant of authority, Congress enacted the “Bankruptcy Code” in 1978. The Bankruptcy Code, which is codified as title 11 of the United States Code, has been amended several times since its enactment. It is the uniform federal law that governs all bankruptcy cases.


Bail The release, prior to trial, of a person accused of a crime, under specified conditions designed to assure that person’s appearance in court when required. Also can refer to the amount […]

Automatic stay

Automatic stay An injunction that automatically stops lawsuits, foreclosures, garnishments, and most collection activities against the debtor the moment a bankruptcy petition is filed.


Affirmed In the practice of the court of appeals, it means that the court of appeals has concluded that the lower court decision is correct and will stand as rendered by the […]