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The party system in United Kingdom

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      Nearly all MPs represent political parties in the UK

      The party with the most MPs after a general election normally forms the Government.

      The next largest party becomes the official Opposition. If an MP does not have a political party, they are known as an ‘Independent’.

      Members of the House of Lords are organised on a party basis in much the same way as the House of Commons but with important differences: Members of the Lords do not represent constituencies and many are not members of a political party.

      Lords who do not support one of the three main parties are known as Crossbenchers or Independent Peers. There is also a small number who are not affiliated to any of the main groups.

      Read the political parties

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