Romanian National Defence Strategy (2020-2024)

The Black Sea region is of strategic interest for Romania and it must be a safe and predictable area – these are vital aspects for the national security, as well as for the European and transatlantic security. Therefore, I will continue my endeavours for the development of the national defence posture and for the increase of the Allies’ presence in NATO structures on Romanian territory, in addition to an enhanced efficiency of the efforts made by the Romanian State in support of consolidating national security.

Addressing Threat Posed by Applications and Other Software Developed or Controlled by Chinese Companies-EO 13971-05/01/2021

The following actions shall be prohibited beginning 45 days after the date of this order, to the extent permitted under applicable law: any transaction by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, with persons that develop or control the following Chinese connected software applications, or with their subsidiaries, as those transactions and persons are identified by the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary) under subsection (e) of this section: Alipay, CamScanner, QQ Wallet, SHAREit, Tencent QQ, VMate, WeChat Pay, and WPS Office.

Indian PM Modi`s speech at Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Summit 2020

SCO में भारत के लिए यह एक महत्वपूर्ण वर्ष है। हम पहली बार एक Summit स्तर की बैठक SCO Council of Heads of Government का आयोजन करने जा रहे हैं। इस बैठक के लिए एक व्यापक एजेंडा तैयार किया गया है, जिसमें आर्थिक सहयोग के मुद्दों पर विशेष ध्यान दिया गया है। हमने स्टार्टअप इकोसिस्टम में अपने समृद्ध अनुभव को साझा करने के लिए Innovation and Startups पर Special Working Group की स्थापना का प्रस्ताव रखा है। हमने Traditional Medicine पर Working Group का भी प्रस्ताव रखा है, ताकि SCO देशों में पारंपरिक और प्राचीन चिकित्सा के ज्ञान और समकालीन चिकित्सा में हो रही प्रगति एक दूसरे के पूरक बन सकें।

Defence Acquisition Procedure – 2020 unvailed

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh today unveiled the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020 in New Delhi. The first Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) was promulgated in the year 2002 and has since been revised periodically to provide impetus to the growing domestic industry and achieve enhanced self reliance in defence manufacturing.


Government has brought in significant reforms to promote FDI in Defence sector in the country, to complement and supplement the domestic investment. Through FDI, domestic companies are benefited by way of enhanced access to supplementary capital and state-of-art-technologies, and also exposure to global managerial practices resulting in employment generation and accelerated growth of the sector.

Capability, development and expenditure of China’s military 2020

China’s long-term goal is creating a wholly domestic defense-industrial sector, augmented by a strong commercial sector, to meet the needs of PLA  modernization and compete as a top-tier supplier in the global arms trade. However, the PLA still looks to foreign capabilities to fill some critical, near-term capability gaps and accelerate the rate of advancement.

China’s Military Leadership and Military Doctrine

The military’s highest decision-making body, the CMC (Central Military Commission), is technically a department of the CCP Central Committee. The CMC Chairman is a civilian, usually serving concurrently as the General Secretary of the CCP (Comunist Party of China) and President of China.

China’s Arms Exports 2018

In 2018, China’s arms sales increased, continuing a trend that enabled China to become the world’s fastest-growing arms supplier during the past 15 years. From 2013 through 2017, China was the world’s fourth-largest arms supplier, completing more than $25 billion worth of arms sales

Military and Security Developments of China 2020

China continues to implement long-term state-directed planning, such as “Made in China 2025” and other industrial development plans, which stress the need to replace imported technology with domestically produced technology. These plans present an economic challenge to nations that export high-tech products. These plans also directly support military modernization goals by stressing proprietary mastery of advanced dual-use technologies.

Nuclear Safety in China: White paper by China full text

Round-the-clock radiation environment monitoring. China has established a three-tier radiation environment monitoring system at state, provincial and municipal level, and three networks – national radiation environment monitoring, surveillance monitoring of radiation environment in the vicinity of key nuclear facilities, and nuclear and radiation emergency monitoring – to monitor radiation environment round-the-clock in all areas.

UGC NET Syllabus in Defence and Strategic Studies

Defence and Strategic Studies: A strategic study is an interdisciplinary academic field centered on the study of conflict and peace, whether as an independent or a dependent variable. It has often devoted special attention to the relationship between international politics, geostrategy, international diplomacy, international economics, and military power (Strategy), such as the role of intelligence, diplomacy, and international cooperation for security and defense. The subject is normally taught at the post-graduate academic or professional, usually Strategic-Political and Strategic-Military levels. The academic foundations of the subject began with classic texts initially from the Orient such as Sun Tzu’s Art of War, went onto a European focus with Von Clausewitz’s On War. In recent times, the major conflicts of the nineteenth century and the two World Wars have spurred strategic thinkers such as Mahan, Giulio Douhet, Liddell Hart and, later, Andre Beaufre.