Tag: Cancer

Tumor grade refers to the degree of abnormality of cancer cells

If a tumor is suspected to be malignant, a doctor removes a sample of tissue or the entire tumor in a procedure called a biopsy. From the biopsy, a pathologist (a doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells under a microscope) can determine whether the tumor is benign or malignant. The pathologist can also identify other characteristics of the tumor cells, including tumor grade and the degree of cell differentiation.

Werner syndrome

An inherited disorder marked by rapid aging that begins in early adolescence. Patients may be shorter than average, and have health problems such as loss and graying of hair, hardening of the […]

Yolk sac tumor

A rare type of cancer that begins in germ cells (cells that form sperm or eggs). Yolk sac tumors occur most often in the ovary or testicle, but they may also occur […]

Zykadia drug

A drug used to treat non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other parts of the body and is anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive. It is also being studied in the […]

Zarxio drug

A drug used to treat neutropenia (a condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of white blood cells) caused by some types of chemotherapy. It is used to help prevent infection […]

Calcification

it is a situation when calcium deposits in the tissues. Calcification in the breast can be seen on a mammogram, but cannot be detected by touch. There are two types of breast […]

ABVE therapy

An abbreviation for a chemotherapy combination used with radiation therapy to treat childhood Hodgkin lymphoma. It includes the drugs doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin), bleomycin sulfate, vincristine sulfate, and etoposide. Also called ABVE, DBVE, […]

Absolute risk

In a given medical condition measure of the risk of a certain event happening. In cancer research, it is the likelihood that a person who is free of a specific type of […]

ABI-007 drug

A drug used to treat breast cancer that has come back or spread to other parts of the body. It is also used with carboplatin to treat advanced non-small cell lung cancer […]

ABCD rating

A system for determining the stage of prostate cancer that uses ABCD. “A” and “B” refer to cancer that is confined to the prostate. “C” refers to cancer that has grown out […]