Court and Constitutional Interpretation

"The representative system of government has been adopted in several states of Europe," he remarked, "but I am unaware that any nation of the globe has hitherto organized a judicial power in the same manner as the Americans. . . . A more imposing judicial power was never constituted by any people."

Judiciary Act of 1789

One of the first acts of the new Congress was to establish a federal court system in the Judiciary Act of 1789. The Constitution provided that the judicial branch should be composed of one Supreme Court and such inferior courts as Congress from time to time established. But unlike the legislative provisions, in which the framers clearly spelled out the powers of the Congress, Article III of the Constitution is rather vague on just what the judicial powers should be.

Amy Coney Barrett was nominated by President Trump as associate Justice of US Supreme Court

Remarks by President Trump Announcing His Nominee for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Rose Garden 5:04 P.M. EDT THE PRESIDENT Thank you very much. Thank you. Thank you. I stand before you today to fulfill…

Article III of the Constitution of the US, establishes Judicial Branch

Article III of the Constitution, which establishes the Judicial Branch, leaves Congress significant discretion to determine the shape and structure of the federal judiciary. Even the number of Supreme Court Justices is left to Congress — at times there have been as few as six, while the current number (nine, with one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices) has only been in place since 1869.