List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices

Justice NameSupreme Court Term StartSupreme Court Term EndAppointing PresidentNoteworthy Opinion(s)
Coney Barrett, Amy
(Associate Justice)
October 26, 2020Trump, Donald J.Coney Barrett, Amy (Associate Justice)
Kavanaugh, Brett M.
(Associate Justice)
October 10, 2017Trump, Donald J.Kavanaugh, Brett M. (Associate Justice)
Gorsuch, Neil M.
(Associate Justice)
April 10, 2017Trump, Donald J.Gorsuch, Neil M. (Associate Justice)
Kagan, Elena
(Associate Justice)
August 7, 2010Obama, Barack H.Kagan, Elena (Associate Justice)
Sotomayor, Sonia
(Associate Justice)
August 8, 2009Obama, Barack H.Sotomayor, Sonia (Associate Justice)
Alito, Samuel A.
(Associate Justice)
January 31, 2006Bush, George W.McDonald v. City of Chicago, 561 U.S. 742 (2010)
Roberts, John G.
(Chief Justice)
September 29, 2005Bush, George W.Nat’l Fed’n of Indep. Bus. v. Sebelius, 567 U.S. 519 (2012);
Parents Involved in Community Schs. v. Seattle Sch. Dist. No. 1, 551 U.S. 701 (2007)
Breyer, Stephen G.
(Associate Justice)
August 3, 1994Clinton, William J.Easley v. Cromartie, 532 U.S. 234 (2001);
McConnell v. FEC, 540 U.S. 93 (2003);
Sell v. United States, 539 U.S. 166 (2003);
Stenberg v. Carhart, 530 U.S. 914 (2000);
Stogner v. California, 539 U.S. 607 (2003);
United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005);
Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001)
Thomas, Clarence
(Associate Justice)
October 23, 1991Bush, George H. W.Good News Club v. Milford Cent. Sch., 533 U.S. 98 (2001);
Hunt v. Cromartie, 526 U.S. 541 (1999);
Kansas v. Hendricks, 521 U.S. 346 (1997);
McDonald v. City of Chicago, 561 U.S. 742 (2010) (concurring);
Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 70, 114 (1995) (concurring);
Ne. Fla. Chapter of Associated Gen. Contractors of Am. v. City of Jacksonville, 508 U.S. 656 (1993);
U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton, 514 U.S. 779, 825, (1995) (dissenting);
United States v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549, 584 (1995) (concurring)
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
(Associate Justice)
August 10, 1993September 18, 2020Clinton, William J.Babbitt v. Youpee, 519 U.S. 234 (1997);
Buckley v. Am. Constitutional Law Found., Inc., 525 U.S. 182 (1999);
Christian Legal Soc. Chapter of Univ. of Cal., Hastings Coll. of the Law v. Martinez, 561 U.S. 661 (2010);
M.L.B. v. S.L.J., 519 U.S. 102 (1996);
Ring v. Arizona, 536 U.S. 584 (2002);
United States v. Virginia, 518 U.S. 515 (1996)
Souter, David H.
(Associate Justice)
October 9, 1990June 29, 2009Bush, George H. W.County of Sacramento v. Lewis, 523 U.S. 833 (1998);
Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825 (1994);
Foster v. Love, 522 U.S. 67 (1997);
Hurley v. Irish-Am. Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Grp. of Bos., 515 U.S. 557 (1995);
McCreary Cty. v. Am. Civil Liberties Union of Ky., 545 U.S. 844 (2005);
Nixon v. Shrink Mo. Government PAC, 528 U.S. 377 (2000)
Kennedy, Anthony M.
(Associate Justice)
February 18, 1988July 31, 2018Reagan, RonaldBoumediene v. Bush, 553 U.S. 723 (2008);
Citizens United v. FEC, 558 U.S. 310 (2010);
City of Boerne v. Flores, 521 U.S. 507 (1997);
Garcetti v. Ceballos, 547 U.S. 410 (2006);
Gonzales v. Carhart, 550 U.S. 124 (2007);
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003);
Lee v. Weisman, 505 U.S. 577 (1992);
Legal Serv. Corp. v. Velazquez, 531 U.S. 533 (2001);
Tuan Anh Nguyen v. INS, 533 U.S. 53 (2001);
Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620 (1996);
Ward v. Rock Against Racism, 491 U.S. 781 (1989)
Scalia, Antonin
(Associate Justice)
September 26, 1986February 13, 2016Reagan, Ronald W.Blakely v. Washington, 542 U.S. 296 (2004);
Bray v. Alexandria Women’s Health Clinic, 506 U.S. 263 (1993);
Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004);
District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008);
Emp’t Div. v. Smith, 494 U.S. 872 (1990);
Lujan v. Nat’l Wildlife Fed’n, 497 U.S. 871 (1990);
Printz v. United States, 521 U.S. 898 (1997);
R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, 505 U.S. 377 (1992);
Republican Party of Minn. v. White, 536 U.S. 765 (2002);
Wilson v. Seiter, 501 U.S. 294 (1991)
Rehnquist, William H.
(Chief Justice)
September 26, 1986September 3, 2005Reagan, Ronald W.Cruzan by Cruzan v. Director, Mo. Dept. of Health, 497 U.S. 261 (1990);
Dames & Moore v. Regan, 453 U.S. 654 (1981);
Hustler Magazine, Inc. v. Falwell, 485 U.S 46 (1988);
Rust v. Sullivan, 500 U.S. 173 (1991)
O’Connor, Sandra Day
(Associate Justice)
September 25, 1981January 31, 2006Reagan, Ronald W.Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, 515 U.S. 200 (1995);
Frisby v. Schultz, 487 U.S. 474 (1988);
Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306 (2003);
Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, 542 U.S. 507 (2004);
Miss. Univ. for Women v. Hogan, 458 U.S. 718 (1982);
New York v. United States, 505 U.S. 144 (1992);
Planned Parenthood of Se. Pa. v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) (joint opinion);
Shaw v. Reno, 509 U.S. 630 (1993);
Turner v. Safley, 482 U.S. 78 (1987);
Virginia v. Black, 538 U.S. 343 (2003)
Stevens, John Paul
(Associate Justice)
December 19, 1975June 29, 2010Ford, Gerald R.Branti v. Finkel, 445 U.S. 507 (1980);
Chevron, U.S.A., Inc. v. Nat. Res. Def. Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984);
Clinton v. City of New York, 524 U.S. 417 (1998);
Clinton v. Jones, 520 U.S. 681 (1997);
Cotton Petroleum Corp. v. New Mexico, 490 U.S. 163 (1989);
Massachusetts v. EPA, 549 U.S. 497 (2007);
Rasul v. Bush, 542 U.S. 466 (2004);
Saenz v. Roe, 526 U.S. 489 (1999);
U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton, 514 U.S. 779 (1995);
Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 U.S. 38 (1985)
Powell, Lewis F.
(Associate Justice)
January 7, 1972June 26, 1987Nixon, Richard M.Vill. of Arlington Heights v. Metro. Hous. Dev. Corp., 429 U.S. 252 (1977);
Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986);
Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665, 709, (1972) (concurring);
Cent. Hudson Gas & Elec. Corp. v. Pub. Serv. Comm’n, 447 U.S. 557 (1980);
First Nat’l Bank of Bos. v. Bellotti, 435 U.S. 765 (1978);
Gagnon v. Scarpelli, 411 U.S. 778 (1973);
Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1976);
Regents of Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265, 269 (1978) (separate opinion);
Rhodes v. Chapman, 452 U.S. 337 (1981);
San Antonio Indep. Sch. Dist. v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 1 (1973);
Youngberg v. Romeo, 457 U.S. 307 (1982)
Rehnquist, William H.
(Associate Justice)
January 7, 1972September 26, 1986Nixon, Richard M.Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520 (1979);
Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe, 435 U.S. 191 (1978);
Mt. Healthy City Sch. Dist. Bd. of Educ. v. Doyle, 429 U.S. 274 (1977)
Blackmun, Harry A.
(Associate Justice)
June 9, 1970August 3, 1994Nixon, RichardBates v. State Bar, 433 U.S. 350 (1977);
Bellotti v. Baird, 428 U.S. 132 (1976);
Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. 379 (1979);
Garcia v. San Antonio Metro. Transit Auth., 469 U.S. 528 (1985);
Mistretta v. United States, 488 U.S. 361 (1989);
Ohio v. Roberts, 448 U.S. 56 (1980);
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973);
Sugarman v. Dougall, 413 U.S. 634 (1973);
Va. State Bd. of Pharmacy v. Va. Citizens Consumer Council, Inc., 425 U.S. 748 (1976);
Wyman v. James, 400 U.S. 309 (1971)
Burger, Warren E.
(Chief Justice)
June 9, 1969September 26, 1986Nixon, Richard M.Bowsher v. Synar, 478 U.S. 714 (1986);
Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971);
I.N.S. v. Chadha, 462 U.S. 919 (1983);
Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971);
Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973);
Milliken v. Bradley, 433 U.S. 267 (1977);
Parham v. J. R., 442 U.S. 584 (1979);
Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971);
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd. of Ed., 402 U.S. 1 (1971);
United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (1974);
Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972)
Marshall, Thurgood
(Associate Justice)
October 2, 1967October 1, 1991Johnson, Lyndon B.Bounds v. Smith, 430 U.S. 817 (1977);
Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97 (1976);
Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238, 314 (1972) (separate opinion);
Hill v. Stone, 421 U.S. 289 (1975);
Kulko v. Super. Ct. of Cal. In and For City and Cty. of S.F., 436 U.S. 84 (1978);
Pickering v. Bd. of Educ., 391 U.S. 563 (1968);
San Antonio Indep. Sch. Dist. v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 1, 70 (1973) (dissenting);
Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez, 436 U.S. 49 (1978);
Shaffer v. Heitner, 433 U.S. 186 (1977);
Stanley v. Georgia, 394 U.S. 557 (1969);
Zablocki v. Redhail, 434 U.S. 374 (1978)
Goldberg, Arthur J.
(Associate Justice)
October 1, 1962July 26, 1965Kennedy, John F.Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478 (1964);
Gibson v. Fla. Legislative Investigation Comm., 372 U.S. 539 (1963);
Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479, 486 (1965) (concurring)
White, Byron R.
(Associate Justice)
April 16, 1962June 28, 1993Kennedy, John F.Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986);
Bowsher v. Synar, 478 U.S. 714, 759 (1986) (dissenting);
Broadrick v. Oklahoma, 413 U.S. 601 (1973);
City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Ctr., 473 U.S. 432 (1985);
Connick v. Myers, 461 U.S. 138 (1983);
Duncan v. Louisiana, 391 U.S. 145 (1968);
Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975);
Hazelwood Sch. Dist. v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1988);
Stanley v. Illinois, 405 U.S. 645 (1972);
Washington v. Davis, 426 U.S. 229 (1976);
World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson, 444 U.S. 286 (1980)
Stewart, Potter
(Associate Justice)
October 14, 1958July 3, 1981Eisenhower, Dwight D.Abood v. Detroit Bd. of Ed., 431 U.S. 209 (1977);
Bates v. City of Little Rock, 361 U.S. 516 (1960);
Bd. of Regents of State Colls. v. Roth, 408 U.S. 564 (1972);
Chimel v. California, 395 U.S. 752 (1969);
Faretta v. California, 422 U.S. 806 (1975);
Fuentes v. Shevin, 407 U.S. 67 (1972);
Gregg v. Georgia, 428 U.S. 153 (1976);
Hazelwood Sch. Dist. v. United States, 433 U.S. 299 (1977);
Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 392 U.S. 409 (1969);
Sierra Club v. Morton, 405 U.S. 727 (1972)
Whittaker, Charles E.
(Associate Justice)
March 25, 1957March 31, 1962Eisenhower, Dwight D.Whittaker, Charles E. (Associate Justice)
Brennan, William J.
(Associate Justice)
October 16, 1956July 20, 1990Eisenhower, Dwight D.Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962);
Craig v. Boren, 4429 U.S. 190 (1976);
Eisenstadt v. Baird, 405 U.S. 438 (1972);
Goldberg v. Kelly, 397 U.S. 254 (1970);
Monell v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 436 U.S. 658, (1978);
NAACP v. Button, 371 U.S. 415 (1963);
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254 (1964);
Penn Cent. Transp. Co. v. City of New York, 438 U.S. 104 (1978);
Plyler v. Doe, 457 U.S. 202 (1982);
Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618 (1969);
Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (1989)
Fortas, Abraham
(Associate Justice)
October 4, 1956May 14, 1969Johnson, Lyndon B.Epperson v. Arkansas, 393 U.S. 97 (1968);
In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967);
Johnson v. Avery, 393 U.S. 483 (1969);
Tinker v. Des Moines Indep. Cmty. Sch. Dist., 393 U.S. 503 (1969)
Harlan, John M. II
(Associate Justice)
March 28, 1955September 23, 1971Eisenhower, Dwight D.Barenblatt v. United States, 360 U.S. 109 (1959);
Boddie v. Connecticut, 401 U.S. 371 (1971);
Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15 (1971);
Flemming v. Nestor, 363 U.S. 603 (1960);
Konigsberg v. State Bar, 366 U.S. 36 (1961);
Maryland v. Wirtz, 392 U.S. 183 (1968);
Noto v. United States, 367 U.S. 290 (1961);
Rosado v. Wyman, 397 U.S. 397 (1970);
Scales v. United States, 367 U.S. 203 (1961);
Yates v. United States, 354 U.S. 298 (1957)
Warren, Earl
(Chief Justice)
March 1, 1954July 9, 1974Eisenhower, Dwight D.Bolling v. Sharpe, 347 U.S. 497 (1954);
Brown v. Bd. of Educ. of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954);
Gregory v. City of Chicago, 394 U.S. 111 (1969);
Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475 (1954);
Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967);
Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966);
Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964);
Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968);
United States v. O’Brien, 391 U.S. 367 (1968);
Zemel v. Rusk, 381 U.S. 1 (1965);
Minton, Sherman
(Associate Justice)
October 12, 1949October 15, 1956Truman, Harry S.Adler v. Bd. of Educ., 342 U.S. 485 (1952);
Dennis v. United States, 339 U.S. 162 (1950);
United States ex rel. Knauff v. Shaughnessy, 338 U.S. 537 (1950)
Clark, Tom C.
(Associate Justice)
August 24, 1949June 12, 1967Truman, Harry S.Sch. Dist. v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203 (1963);
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Auth., 365 U.S. 715 (1961);
Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, 340 U.S. 349 (1951);
Goss v. Bd. of Educ., 373 U.S. 683 (1963);
Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294 (1964);
Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643 (1961);
Reid v. Covert, 351 U.S. 487 (1956), on reh’g, 354 U.S. 1 (1957);
United States v. Seeger, 380 U.S. 163 (1965);
Uphaus v. Wyman, 360 U.S. 72 (1959)
Vinson, Fred M.
(Chief Justice)
June 20, 1946September 8, 1953Truman, Harry S.American Commc’ns Ass’n. v. Douds, 339 U.S. 382 (1950);
Feiner v. New York, 340 U.S. 315 (1951);
Hurd v. Hodge, 334 U.S. 24 (1948);
McLaurin v. Okla. State Regents for Higher Educ., 339 U.S. 637 (1950);
Shelley v. Kraemer, 334 U.S. 1 (1948)
Burton, Harold H.
(Associate Justice)
October 1, 1945October 13, 1958Truman, Harry S.Roviaro v. United States, 353 U.S. 53 (1957)
Rutledge, Wiley B.
(Associate Justice)
February 15, 1943September 10, 1949Roosevelt, Franklin D.Rutledge, Wiley B. (Associate Justice)
Jackson, Robert H.
(Associate Justice)
July 11, 1941October 9, 1954Roosevelt, Franklin D.Doremus v. Bd. of Educ., 342 U.S. 429 (1952);
Harisiades v. Shaughnessy, 342 U.S. 580 (1952);
Johnson v. Eisentrager, 339 U.S. 763 (1950);
Mullane v. Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 339 U.S. 306 (1950);
W. Va. State Bd. of Educ. v. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624 (1943);
Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 (1942);
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 634 (1952) (concurring)
Byrnes, James F.
(Associate Justice)
July 8, 1941October 3, 1942Roosevelt, Franklin D.Byrnes, James F. (Associate Justice)
Stone, Harlan Fiske
(Chief Justice)
July 3, 1941April 22, 1946Roosevelt, Franklin D.Hirabayashi v. United States, 320 U.S. 81 (1943);
Int’l Shoe Co. v. Washington , 326 U.S. 310 (1945);
S. Pac. Co. v. Arizona, 325 U.S. 761 (1945) ;
Ex parte Quirin, 317 U.S. 1 (1942)
Murphy, Frank
(Associate Justice)
February 5, 1940July 19, 1949Roosevelt, Franklin D.Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, 315 U.S. 568 (1942);
Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214, 233 (1944) (dissenting)
Douglas, William O.
(Associate Justice)
April 17, 1939November 12, 1975Roosevelt, Franklin D.Argersinger v. Hamlin, 407 U.S. 25 (1972);
Village of Belle Terre v. Boraas, 416 U.S. 1 (1974);
Berman v. Parker, 348 U.S. 26 (1954);
Bibb v. Navajo Freight Lines, Inc., 359 U.S. 520 (1959);
Douglas v. California, 372 U.S. 353 (1963);
Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479 (1965);
Harper v. Va. State Bd. of Elections, 383 U.S. 663 (1966);
Menominee Tribe of Indians v. United States, 391 U.S. 404 (1968);
Railway Express Agency v. People of State of N.Y., 336 U.S. 106 (1949);
Skinner v. Oklahoma ex rel. Williamson, 316 U.S. 535 (1942);
Sniadach v. Family Fin. Corp. of Bay View, 395 U.S. 337 (1969)
Frankfurter, Felix
(Associate Justice)
January 30, 1939August 28, 1962Roosevelt, Franklin DelanoAdler v. Bd. of Educ., 342 U.S. 485, 497 (1952) (dissenting);
Beauharnais v. Illinois, 343 U.S. 250 (1952);
Dennis v. United States, 339 U.S. 162, 181 (1950) (dissenting);
Gomillion v. Lightfoot, 364 U.S. 339 (1960);
Kingsley Books, Inc. v. Brown, 354 U.S. 436 (1957);
Minersville Sch.l Dist. v. Gobitis, 310 U.S. 586 (1940);
Rochin v. California, 342 U.S. 165 (1952);
Wolf v. Colorado, 338 U.S. 25 (1949);
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 593 (1952) (concurring)
Reed, Stanley F.
(Associate Justice)
January 31, 1938February 25, 1957Roosevelt, Franklin D.H.P. Hood & Sons v. United States, 307 U.S. 588 (1939)
Black, Hugo L.
(Associate Justice)
August 19, 1937September 17, 1971Roosevelt, Franklin D.Bridges v. California, 314 U.S. 252 (1941);
Dennis v. United States, 341 U.S. 494, 579 (1951) (dissenting);
Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962);
Everson v. Board of Educ. of Ewing Tp., 330 U.S. 1 (1947);
Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963);
Griffin v. Cty. School Bd., 377 U.S. 218 (1964);
Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479, 507 (1965) (dissenting);
Hines v. Davidowitz, 312 U.S. 52 (1941);
Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944);
Pointer v. Texas, 380 U.S. 400 (1965);
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (1952)
Cardozo, Benjamin N.
(Associate Justice)
March 14, 1932July 9, 1938Hoover, HerbertCarter v. Carter Coal Co., 298 U.S. 238, 324 (1936) (dissenting);
Helvering v. Davis, 301 U.S. 619, 301 U.S. 672 (1937);
Henneford v. Silas Mason Co., 300 U.S. 577 (1937);
Palko v. Connecticut, 302 U.S. 319 (1937);
Charles C. Steward Mach. Co. v. Davis, 301 U.S. 548 (1937)
Roberts, Owen J.
(Associate Justice)
June 2, 1930July 31, 1945Hoover, HerbertBetts v. Brady, 316 U.S. 455 (1942);
Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U.S. 296 (1940);
Hague v. Comm. for Indus. Org., 307 U.S. 496 (1939);
Herndon v. Lowry, 301 U.S. 242 (1937);
Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214, 225 (1944) (dissenting);
Nebbia v. New York, 291 U.S. 502 (1934)
Hughes, Charles E.
(Chief Justice)
February 13, 1930June 30, 1941Hoover, Herbert C.Ashwander v. Tenn. Valley Auth., 297 U.S. 288 (1936);
Home Bldg. & Loan Ass’n v. Blaisdell, 290 U.S. 398 (1934);
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 305 U.S. 337 (1938);
NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation, 301 U.S. 1 (1937);
Near v. Minnesota ex rel. Olson, 283 U.S. 697 (1931);
W. Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937)
Stone, Harlan Fiske
(Associate Justice)
March 2, 1925July 2, 1941Coolidge, CalvinHansberry v. Lee, 311 U.S. 32 (1940);
Minersville Sch. Dist. v. Gobitis, 310 U.S. 586 (1940) (dissent);
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928) (dissent);
S.C. State Highway Dep’t v. Barnwell Bros., 303 U.S. 177 (1938);
United States v. Carolene Prods. Co., 304 U.S. 144 (1938);
United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100 (1941);
United States v. Classic, 313 U.S. 299 (1941)
Sanford, Edward T.
(Associate Justice)
February 19, 1923March 8, 1930Harding, Warren G.Fiske v. Kansas, 274 U.S. 380 (1927);
Pocket Veto Case, 279 U.S. 655 (1929)
Butler, Pierce
(Associate Justice)
January 2, 1923November 16, 1939Harding, Warren G.Int’l Shoe Co. v. Pinkus, 278 U.S. 261 (1929)
Sutherland, George A.
(Associate Justice)
October 2, 1922January 17, 1938Harding, Warren G.Adkins v. Children’s Hosp. of District of Columbia, 261 U.S. 525 (1923);
Blockburger v. United States, 284 U.S. 299 (1932);
Humphrey’s Ex’r v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935);
Nectow v. City of Cambridge, 277 U.S. 183 (1928);
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corporation, 299 U.S. 304 (1936);
West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379, 400 (1937) (dissenting)
Taft, William Howard
(Chief Justice)
June 30, 1921February 3, 1930Harding, Warren G.Adkins v. Children’s Hosp. of District of Columbia, 261 U.S. 525 (1923) (dissent);
Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co. (Child Labor Tax Case), 259 U.S. 20 (1922);
Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926);
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928)
Clarke, John H.
(Associate Justice)
October 9, 1916September 18, 1922Wilson, WoodrowAbrams v. United States, 250 U.S. 616 (1919)
Brandeis, Louis D.
(Associate Justice)
June 5, 1916February 13, 1939Wilson, WoodrowAshwander v. Tenn. Valley Auth., 297 U.S. 288 (1936) (concurring);
Erie R. Co. v. Tompkins, 304 U.S. 64 (1938);
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438, 471 (1928) (dissenting);
Schaefer v. United States, 251 U.S. 466, 482 (1920);
Whitney v. California, 274 U.S. 357, 372 (1927) (concurring)
McReynolds, James C.
(Associate Justice)
October 12, 1914January 31, 1941Wilson, WoodrowNLRB v. Friedman-Harry Marks Clothing, 301 U.S. 58, 76 (1937) (dissenting);
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 305 U.S. 337, 353 (1938) (dissenting);
Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923);
Myers v. United States, 264 U.S. 95 (1924);
Pierce v. Soc’y of the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, 268 U.S. 510 (1925)
Pitney, Mahlon R.
(Associate Justice)
March 18, 1912December 31, 1922Taft, William HowardCoppage v. Kansas, 236 U.S. 1 (1915);
F.S. Royster Guano Co. v. Virginia, 253 U.S. 412 (1920)
Van Devanter, Willis
(Associate Justice)
January 3, 1911June 2, 1937Taft, William HowardLindsley v. Nat. Carbonic Gas Co., 220 U.S. 61 (1911)
Lamar, Joseph R.
(Associate Justice)
January 3, 1911January 2, 1916Taft, William HowardLamar, Joseph R. (Associate Justice)
White, Edward D.
(Chief Justice)
December 19, 1910May 19, 1921Taft, William HowardStd. Oil Co. of N.J. v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911)
Hughes, Charles E.
(Associate Justice)
October 10,1910June 10, 1916Taft, William HowardTruax v. Raich, 239 U.S. 33 (1915)
Lurton, Horace H.
(Associate Justice)
January 3, 1910July 12, 1914Taft, William HowardLurton, Horace H. (Associate Justice)
Moody, William H.
(Associate Justice)
December 17, 1906November 19, 1910Roosevelt, TheodoreTwining v. New Jersey, 211 U.S. 78 (1908)
Day, William R.
(Associate Justice)
March 2, 1903November 13, 1922Roosevelt, TheodoreCaminetti v. United States, 242 U.S. 470 (1917);
Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 (1918);
Muskrat v. United States, 219 U.S. 346 (1911)
Holmes, Oliver Wendell
(Associate Justice)
December 8, 1902January 12, 1932Roosevelt, TheodoreAbrams v. United States, 250 U.S. 616, 624 (dissenting);
Adkins v. Children’s Hosp. of District of Columbia, 261 U.S. 525, 567, (1923) (dissenting);
Buck v. Bell, 274 U.S. 200 (1927);
Gitlow v. New York, 268 U.S. 652, 672 (1925);
Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45, 74 (1905);
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438, 469 (1928);
Pa. Coal Co. v. Mahon, 260 U.S. 393 (1922);
Schenck v. United States, 249 U.S. 47 (1919)
McKenna, Joseph
(Associate Justice)
January 26, 1898January 5, 1925McKinley, WilliamHipolite Egg Co. v. United States, 220 U.S. 45 (1911)
Peckham, Rufus W.
(Associate Justice)
December 9, 1895October 24, 1909Cleveland, GroverAllgeyer v. Louisiana, 165 U.S. 578 (1897);
Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905);
Ex parte young, 209 U.S. 123 (1908)
White, Edward D.
(Associate Justice)
March 12, 1894December 18, 1910Cleveland, GroverLone Wolf v. Hitchcock, 187 U.S. 553 (1903)
Jackson, Howell E.
(Associate Justice)
February 18, 1893August 8, 1895Harrison, BenjaminJackson, Howell E. (Associate Justice)
Shiras, George
(Associate Justice)
July 26, 1892February 23, 1903Harrison, BenjaminShiras, George (Associate Justice)
Brown, Henry B.
(Associate Justice)
December 29, 1890May 28, 1906Harrison, BenjaminPlessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896)
Brewer, David J.
(Associate Justice)
December 18, 1889March 28, 1910Harrison, BenjaminBerea Coll. v. Kentucky, 211 U.S. 45 (1908);
In re Debs, 158 U.S. 564 (1895)
Fuller, Melville W.
(Chief Justice)
October 8, 1888July 4, 1910Cleveland, GroverLeisy v. Hardin, 135 U.S. 100 (1890);
Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Tr. Co., 158 U.S. 601 (1895);
United States v. E. C. Knight Co., 156 U.S. 1 (1895)
Lamar, Lucius Q.C.
(Associate Justice)
January 16, 1888January 23, 1893Cleveland, GroverLamar, Lucius Q.C. (Associate Justice)
Blatchford, Samuel M.
(Associate Justice)
March 22, 1882July 7, 1893Arthur, Chester A.Blatchford, Samuel M. (Associate Justice)
Matthews, T. Stanley
(Associate Justice)
May 12, 1881March 22, 1889Garfield, James A.Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886)
Woods, William B.
(Associate Justice)
December 21, 1880May 14, 1887Hayes, Rutherford B.Presser v. Illinois, 116 U.S. 252 (1886)
Harlan, John M.
(Associate Justice)
November 29, 1877October 14, 1911Hayes, Rutherford B.Adair v. United States, 208 U.S. 161 (1908);
Champion v. Ames, 188 U.S. 321 (1903);
Hans v. Louisiana, 134 U.S. 1 (1890) (concurrence);
Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11 (1905);
Mugler v. Kansas, 123 U.S. 623 (1887);
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (dissent);
United States v. E. C. Knight Co., 156 U.S. 1 (dissent);
Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (dissent)
Waite, Morrison R.
(Chief Justice)
March 4, 1874March 23, 1888Grant, Ulysses S.Ames v. Kansas, 111 U.S. 449 (1884);
Minor v. Happersett, 88 U.S. 162 (1874);
United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875)
Hunt, Ward
(Associate Justice)
December 11, 1872January 27, 1882Grant, Ulysses S.Hunt, Ward (Associate Justice)
Bradley, Joseph P.
(Associate Justice)
March 21, 1870January 22, 1892Grant, Ulysses S.Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (1872) (dissent)
Strong, William
(Associate Justice)
February 18, 1870December 14, 1880Grant, Ulysses S.Strauder v. West Virginia, 100 U.S. 303 (1880)
Chase, Salmon P.
(Chief Justice)
December 15, 1864May 7, 1873Lincoln, AbrahamEx parte McCardle, 74 U.S. (7 Wall.) 506 (1869)
Field, Stephen J.
(Associate Justice)
March 10, 1863December 1, 1897Lincoln, AbrahamThe Daniel Ball, 77 U.S. (10 Wall.) 557 (1871);
Mugler v. Kansas, 123 U.S. 623 (1887) (separate opinion);
Paul v. Virginia, 75 U.S. (8 Wall.) 168 (1869);
Pennoyer v. Neff, 95 U.S. 714 (1878);
Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (1872) (dissent);
Strauder v. West Virginia, 100 U.S. 303 (1879) (separate opinion);
Totten v. United States, 92 U.S. 105 (1876);
The Chinese Exclusion Case, 130 U.S. 581 (1889)
Davis, David
(Associate Justice)
December 8, 1862March 4, 1877Lincoln, AbrahamEx parte Milligan, 71 U.S. (4 Wall.) 2 (1866)
Miller, Samuel F.
(Associate Justice)
July 16, 1862October 13, 1890Lincoln, AbrahamBradwell v. Illinois, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 130 (1873);
Crandall v. Nevada, 73 U.S. (6 Wall.) 35 (1868);
Loan Ass’n v. Topeka, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 655 (1875);
Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (1872)
Swayne, Noah H.
(Associate Justice)
January 24, 1862January 24, 1881Lincoln, AbrahamSlaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (1872) (dissent)
Clifford, Nathan
(Associate Justice)
January 12, 1858July 25, 1881Buchanan, JamesUnited States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875) (dissent);
Ward v. Maryland, 79 U.S. (12 Wall.) 418 (1870)
Campbell, John A.
(Associate Justice)
March 22, 1853April 30, 1861Pierce, FranklinScott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (dissent)
Curtis, Benjamin R.
(Associate Justice)
December 20, 1851September 30, 1857Fillmore, MillardCooley v. Bd. of Wardens, 53 U.S. (12 How.) 299 (1851);
Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (dissent)
Grier, Robert C.
(Associate Justice)
August 4, 1846January 31, 1870Polk, James K.Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (separate opinion);
The Amy Warwick, 67 U.S. 635 (1862)
Woodbury, Levi
(Associate Justice)
January 3, 1846September 4, 1851Polk, James K.Woodbury, Levi (Associate Justice)
Nelson, Samuel
(Associate Justice)
February 14, 1845November 28, 1872Tyler, JohnPrize Cases, 67 U.S. 635 (1862) (dissent);
Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (separate opinion)
Daniel, Peter V.
(Associate Justice)
March 2, 1841May 31, 1860Van Buren, MartinScott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (separate opinion)
McKinley, John
(Associate Justice)
September 25, 1837July 19, 1852Van Buren, MartinMcKinley, John (Associate Justice)
Catron, John
(Associate Justice)
March 8, 1837May 30, 1865Jackson, AndrewScott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (separate opinion)
Taney, Roger B.
(Chief Justice)
March 28, 1836October 12, 1864Jackson, AndrewScott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857);
Luther v. Borden, 48 U.S. (7 How.) 1 (1849);
Prigg v. Pennsylvania, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 539 (1842) (separate opinion)
Barbour, Philip P.
(Associate Justice)
March 15, 1836February 25, 1841Jackson, AndrewBarbour, Philip P. (Associate Justice)
Wayne, James M.
(Associate Justice)
January 6, 1835January 14, 1835Jackson, AndrewScott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (separate opinion)
Livingston, Henry Brockholst
(Associate Justice)
January 6, 1830April 21, 1844Jefferson, ThomasLivingston, Henry Brockholst (Associate Justice)
Baldwin, Henry
(Associate Justice)
January 6, 1830April 21, 1844Jackson, AndrewBaldwin, Henry (Associate Justice)
McLean, John
(Associate Justice)
March 7, 1829April 4, 1861Jackson, AndrewBriscoe v. Bank of Commonwealth of Ky., 36 U.S. 257 (1837);
Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857) (dissent);
Pennsylvania v. Wheeling & Belmont Bridge Co., 59 U.S. (18 How.) 421 (1856) (dissent)
Trimble, Robert
(Associate Justice)
May 9, 1826August 25, 1828Adams, John QuincyTrimble, Robert (Associate Justice)
Thompson, Smith
(Associate Justice)
December 9, 1823December 18, 1843Monroe, JamesCherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. (5 Pet.) 1 (1831) (dissent)
Story, Joseph
(Associate Justice)
November 18, 1811September 10, 1845Madison, JamesMartin v. Hunter’s Lessee, 14 U.S. (1 Wheat.) 304 (1816);
Swift v. Tyson, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 1 (1842);
Trs. of Dartmouth Coll. v. Woodward, 17 U.S. 518 (1819);
Martin v. Mott, 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 19 (1827);
The Amistad, 40 U.S. 518 (1841)
Duvall, Gabriel
(Associate Justice)
November 18, 1811January 12, 1835Madison, JamesDuvall, Gabriel (Associate Justice)
Todd, Thomas
(Associate Justice)
March 2, 1807February 7, 1826Jefferson, ThomasTodd, Thomas (Associate Justice)
Johnson, William
(Associate Justice)
March 24, 1804August 4, 1834Jefferson, ThomasGibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat.) 1 (1824);
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. (5 Pet.) 1 (1831)
Marshall, John
(Chief Justice)
February 4, 1801July 6, 1835Adams, JohnBarron v. Baltimore, 32 U.S. (7 Pet.) 243 (1833);
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. (5 Pet.) 1 (1831);
Cohens v. Virginia, 19 U.S. (6 Wheat.) 264 (1821);
Trs. of Dartmouth Coll. v. Woodward, 17 U.S. 518 (1819);
Fletcher v. Peck, 10 U.S. (6 Cr.) 87 (1810);
Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. 1 (1824);
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cr.) 137 (1803);
M’Culloch v. Maryland, 17 U.S. 316 (1819);
Sturges v. Crowninshield, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 122 (1819);
Willson v. Black-Bird Creek Marsh Co., 27 U.S. 245 (1829);
Worcester v. Georgia, 31 U.S. (6 Pet.) 515 (1832)
Moore, Alfred
(Associate Justice)
December 10, 1799January 26, 1804Adams, JohnMoore, Alfred (Associate Justice)
Washington, Bushrod
(Associate Justice)
December 20, 1798November 26, 1829Adams, JohnOgden v. Saunders, 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 213 (1827)
Ellsworth, Oliver
(Chief Justice)
March 8, 1796December 15, 1800Washington, GeorgeEllsworth, Oliver (Chief Justice)
Chase, Samuel
(Associate Justice)
January 27, 1796June 19, 1811Washington, GeorgeCalder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386 (1798);
Ware v. Hylton, 3 U.S. 199 (1796)
Rutledge, John
(Chief Justice)
August 12, 1795December 28, 1795Washington, GeorgeRutledge, John (Chief Justice)
Paterson, William
(Associate Justice)
March 4, 1793September 9, 1806Washington, GeorgeCalder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386 (1798);
Ware v. Hylton, 3 U.S. 199 (1796)
Johnson, Thomas
(Associate Justice)
November 7, 1791January 16, 1793Washington, GeorgeJohnson, Thomas (Associate Justice)
Rutledge, John
(Associate Justice)
February 14, 1790March 5, 1791Washington. GeorgeRutledge, John (Associate Justice)
Iredell, James
(Associate Justice)
February 10, 1790October 20, 1799Washington, GeorgeChisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 419 (1793);
Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386 (1798)
Jay, John
(Chief Justice)
October 19, 1789June 29, 1795Washington, GeorgeChisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 419 (1793)
Cushing, William
(Associate Justice)
September 26, 1789September 13, 1810Washington, GeorgeChisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 419 (1793);
Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386 (1798)
Wilson, James
(Associate Justice)
September 26, 1789August 21, 1798Washington, GeorgeChisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 419 (1793)
Blair, John
(Associate Justice)
September 26, 1789October 25, 1795Washington, GeorgeChisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (2 Dall.) 419 (1793)