) The purpose and scope of this internal regulation shall be to regulate the internal order of the Constitutional Court, its functioning, its organization, the composition of the Sections and Commissions, its procedures and principles of working and trial, the books and records to be kept, the flow order and archiving of the documents including electronic media, the library of the Court,
The aim and scope of this Code is to regulate the principles pertaining to the structure of the Constitutional Court, its duties, trial procedures, President, deputy presidents and the selection of its members, disciplinary and staffing affairs and rapporteurs, deputy rapporteurs and the quality, appointment, duties and responsibilities of their staff, their disciplinary and staffing affairs.
The Working Format of the Constitutional Court shall be adopted pursuant to the Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court with a view to regulating the issues prescribed by this Law, as well as internal procedures aimed at ensuring the smooth activity of the Constitutional Court.
According to Article 167 (2) of the Constitution, the Constitutional Court is independent in administering justice, and is subordinate only to the Constitution.
Before the start of a judicial year, each Senate shall decide, with effect from the start of that judicial year, on the principles on how cases are assigned to the Justices, including the presiding Justices, as reporting Justices. Deviations from these principles shall be permissible during the judicial year only if they become necessary due to excessive workloads or Justices being unable to perform their functions for an extended period.
The Constitutional Court is the highest body of the judicial power for the protection of constitutionality, legality, and human rights and fundamental freedoms.
At the activities, public meetings and press conferences organized by the Constitutional Court of Romania may be accredited the representatives of national and local press institutions - hereinafter referred to as journalists - daily, periodicals, news agencies, radio stations and Romanian and foreign television, as well as freelance journalists.
The Court’s power with regard to the resolution of constitutional legal conflicts between public authorities also shows a major decrease in referrals, i.e. from 6 applications in 2020 to only 2 in 2021. In this situation too, due to the quality of the legal subjects lodging these types of referrals to the Court pursuant to Articles 146 a) and Article 146 e) respectively, a return to standards of normality can be noted, reflecting an active but balanced political scene in the process of appealing to the mechanism for triggering constitutionality review.
To protect the foundations of the constitutional system and the fundamental human and citizen rights and freedoms, and to ensure the supremacy and direct effect of the Constitution of the Russian Federation on the entire territory of the Russian Federation, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation:
The Rules of Procedure of the Constitutional Court (hereinafter – Rules of Procedure) in accordance with Constitutional Court Law (hereinafter – the Law) shall define the structure of the Constitutional Court, organisation of its work and the status of the Justice of the Constitutional Court (hereinafter – Justice), as well as the procedure for initiating and reviewing disciplinary cases.
) The Constitutional Court shall be an independent judicial authority which within the jurisdiction specified in the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia (hereinafter – the Constitution) and in this Law, shall adjudicate matters regarding the conformity of laws and other regulatory enactments with the Constitution, as well as other matters regarding which jurisdiction is conferred upon it by this Law.
The objective of examining and resolving disputes by the Constitutional Court /Tsets/ of Mongolia is to guarantee strict adherence to the Constitution through resolution of disputes upon complete, accurate and objective examination of all claims concerning a breach of the Constitution.
The Constitutional Court(Tsets) of Mongolia / hereinafter referred to as the Tsets/ is the body which has full powers to exercise supreme supervision over the implementation of the Constitution, to render decisions on the breaches of its provisions, to settle constitutional disputes, and is the guarantor for the Constitution to be strictly observed.
Based on the provisions of the Constitution and what was approved by the People’s Assembly in its session held on 6/13/1435 AH corresponding to 4/13/2014. المحكمة الدستورية العليا Issues the following: The Law of the Supreme Constitutional Court Chapter One…
The doctrine of obligatory non-recognition provides that states are under an obligation not to recognise, through individual or collective acts, the purported statehood of an effective territorial entity created in violation of one or more fundamental norms of international law. This rationale underlies the Stimson Doctrine that was used as a justification for states not to recognise the annexation of the Baltic States by the Soviet Union. This rationale is also expressed in the International Law Commission’s Article 41 of the Draft Articles on State Responsibility. The obligation is a norm of customary international law and aims at preventing that a violation of international law becomes validated by means of recognition. It contains a “minimum resistance” and “a continuous challenge to a legal wrong”. The obligation arises where a territorial entity has been created in violation of an erga omnes norm, especially by violating the prohibition of the use of force, by violating the right to self-determination, or by violating the prohibition of systematic racial discrimination.