Judicial Dictionary

Linguistic structure

Linguistic structures are pairings of meaning and sound or other forms of externalization.

A Linguists may specialize in some subpart of the  following linguistic structure:

  • Phonetics, the study of the physical aspects of sounds of human language
  • Phonology, the study of patterns of a language’s sounds
  • Morphology, the study of the internal structure of words
  • Syntax, the study of how words combine to form grammatical sentences
  • Semantics, the study of the meaning of words (lexical semantics) and fixed word combinations (phraseology), and how these combine to form the meanings of sentences
  • Pragmatics, the study of how utterances are used (literally, figuratively, or otherwise) in communicative acts
  • Discourse analysis, the analysis of language use in texts (spoken, written or signed)

Alternative Classification of the Linguistic Structure

  • Developmental linguistics, the study of the development of linguistic ability in an individual, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.
  • Historical linguistics or Diachronic linguistics, the study of language change
  • Evolutionary linguistics, the study of the origin and subsequent development of language
  • Psycholinguistics, the study of the cognitive processes and representations underlying language use
  • Sociolinguistics, the study of social patterns of linguistic variability
  • Clinical linguistics, the application of linguistic theory to the area of Speech-Language Pathology
  • Neurolinguistics, the study of the brain networks that underlie grammar and communication
  • Biolinguistics, the study of natural as well as human taught communication systems in animals compared to human language
  • Computational linguistics, the study of computational implementations of linguistic structures
  • Applied linguistics, the study of language related issues applied in every day life, notably language policies and language education


Categories: Judicial Dictionary, Linguistic

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