Linguistic structure

Linguistic structures are pairings of meaning and sound or other forms of externalization.

A Linguists may specialize in some subpart of the  following linguistic structure:

  • Phonetics, the study of the physical aspects of sounds of human language
  • Phonology, the study of patterns of a language’s sounds
  • Morphology, the study of the internal structure of words
  • Syntax, the study of how words combine to form grammatical sentences
  • Semantics, the study of the meaning of words (lexical semantics) and fixed word combinations (phraseology), and how these combine to form the meanings of sentences
  • Pragmatics, the study of how utterances are used (literally, figuratively, or otherwise) in communicative acts
  • Discourse analysis, the analysis of language use in texts (spoken, written or signed)

Alternative Classification of the Linguistic Structure

  • Developmental linguistics, the study of the development of linguistic ability in an individual, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.
  • Historical linguistics or Diachronic linguistics, the study of language change
  • Evolutionary linguistics, the study of the origin and subsequent development of language
  • Psycholinguistics, the study of the cognitive processes and representations underlying language use
  • Sociolinguistics, the study of social patterns of linguistic variability
  • Clinical linguistics, the application of linguistic theory to the area of Speech-Language Pathology
  • Neurolinguistics, the study of the brain networks that underlie grammar and communication
  • Biolinguistics, the study of natural as well as human taught communication systems in animals compared to human language
  • Computational linguistics, the study of computational implementations of linguistic structures
  • Applied linguistics, the study of language related issues applied in every day life, notably language policies and language education


Next Post

History of Indian Linguistics

Fri Nov 8 , 2019
Early Vedic texts (Rig Veda 1:164:45; 4:58:3; 10:125) suggest a structure for languages: Language is composed of sentences with four stages of evolution that are expressed in three tenses (past, present and future). The sentences are composed of words that have two distinct forms of existence (vocal form, the word, and perceptional form, the meaning). These words are recognized mainly as verbs that […]

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