Environmental Laws, Forest laws & Animals Protection Laws in India

Introduction

Dimensions of Environmental Problems

Pollution control measures in India

Sustainable development

  • Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Constitutional Provisions

  • Enlargement of Article 21 of the Constitution.
  • Enlargement of locus standi and concept of Public Interest litigation;
    Principles evolved.

Climate Change

Protection of Space

Protection of Sea water and animals

Ministerial Regulation Govt. of India

Administration and functioning of Pollution Control Board


Remedial Measures

  1. Law of Torts
  2. Law of Crime
  3. Law of Writs

Judicial Activism

  • Precautionary principle
  • Polluter pays principle
  • Public trust doctrine

Principles of No-fault liabilities

  • Public Liability insurance Act 1991

International concerns and International Environmental Law

  1. Stolkholm conference
  2. Rio-conference
  3. Johannesburg conference

The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 ; Definition, Central and State Pollution Control Boards: Constitution, power and function; Sample of effluents, Citizen Suit Provision

The Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981; Definition, Central and State Pollution Control Boards: Constitution, power and function; Sample of effluents, Citizen Suit Provision

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986,

The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955

The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997

Indian Forest Act, 1927

  • Kinds of forest-private, Reserved, Protected and Village Forest, The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
  • The forest conservation Act 1980
  • Biological Diversity Act 2002

The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972;

  • Authorities to be appointed and constituted under the Act,
    Hunting of wild animals, Protection of Specified Plants, Trade or Commerce in Wild Animals, animals articles and trophies; Its prohibition.
  • Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960.

Central Acts

  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  2. The Air ((Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
  3. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  4. The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955
  5. The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997
  6.  National Green Tribunal Act, 2010.

Court Cases

  1. M. C. Mehta and another Vs Union of India and others-17/02/1986
  2. M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India & Ors- 24/10/2018