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The Shangshan site was first discovered in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River in 2000. Archaeologists later excavated remains related to rice cultivation dating back about 10,000 years, the earliest known remains of settlements, and several painted pottery remains. The site is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China, the Shangshan site is so far the earliest known remains of rice farming in the world. As an origin of rice farming, the Shangshan culture occupies an important position in the formation of Chinese civilization.

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