“When we attempt to understand the intricacies of Vedas, which as stated by us earlier has been dealt with by the Division Bench in several pages in the opening part of its judgment, we also wish to make a reference to the meaning of the expression “Gyan Vigyan”, as has been expressed by Dr. Subash Sharma, Dean of Indian Business Academy, Noida in his article “From Newton to Nirvana: Science, Vigyan and Gyan”. A reading of the said note on “Gyan Vigyan” by the author really gives a clear picture about the said concept. We feel that it is worthwhile to make a brief reference to what has been attempted to be explained by the said author. According to the writer, “Gyan Vigyan” can be analyzed in two ways, viz., Vishesh Gyan and Vishya Gyan. The world science has linkages with senses and hence, scientific knowledge has got its roots in senses. He would state that the traditional knowledge gets legitimacy only if it can be tested on the basis of objectivity, through the senses. He would elaborate his idea by stating that while science relies on senses, Vigyan i.e. Vishesh Gyan, can be acquired through ‘mind’. Therefore, Vigyan is more than science as ‘mind’ is more than senses. He would conclude his analysis by saying that ‘Gyan’ both in terms of its metaphysical and spiritual meaning, is acquired through ‘consciousness’ and that it is more than Vigyan as ‘consciousness’ is more than ‘mind’. If the analysis made by the writer is understood, it can be held that if one represents senses, mind and consciousness in terms of three concentric circles, we may observe that radius of consciousness is larger than the radius of the mind and radius of mind is larger than the radius of the senses.
He would therefore, conclude by saying that just as senses, mind and consciousness are interconnected, the three circles of science, Vigyan and Gyan are also interconnected. It can therefore be safely stated that “Gyan Vigyan” would be nothing but a systematic study of science through senses, by applying one’s mind with absolute consciousness”.