This Constitution is the supreme law of the State-Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, any law inconsistent with this Constitution is invalid to the extent of the inconsistency.This Constitution shall be upheld and respected by all Fijians and the State,
including all persons holding public office, and the obligations imposed by this Constitution must be Fulfilled. Any attempt to establish a Government other than in compliance with this Constitution shall be unlawful.
A CRITICAL CONSIDERATION OF THE NEW PEDAGOGY IN ITS RELATION TO MODERN SCIENCE-MARIA MONTESSORI 1912-All forms of slavery tend little by little to weaken and disappear, even the sexual slavery of woman. The history of civilisation is a history of conquest and of liberation. We should ask in what stage of civilisation we find ourselves and if, in truth, the good of prizes and of punishments be necessary to our advancement. If we have indeed gone beyond this point, then to apply such a form of education would be to draw the new generation back to a lower level, not to lead them into their true heritage of progress.
A Defense of Hindu Theism-Ram Mohun Roy 1817-It would have been more consistent with justice had he left pure allegory also to the Vedas, which declare, "appellations and figures of all kinds are innovations," and which have allegorically represented God in the figure of the universe: "Fire is his head, the sun and the moon are his two eyes," &c.; and which have also represented all human internal qualities by different earthly objects; and also to Vedas who has strictly followed the Vedas in these figurative representations, and to Sankaracharya, who also adopted the mode of allegory in his Bhashya of the Vedanta and of the Upanishads.
A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar-A Contribution to the History of India by Robert Sewell-1900-The first rulers of Vijayanagar, however, did not dare to call themselves kings, nor did even the Brahmans do so who composed the text of their early inscriptions. It is for this reason that I have spoken of Harihara I. and Bukka I. as "Chiefs." The inscription referred to of Harihara in 1340 calls him "Hariyappa VODEYA," the former name being less honourable than "Harihara," and the latter definitely entitling him to rank only as a chieftain. Moreover, the Sanskrit title given him is MAHAMANDALESVARA
A Guide for the Perplexed: Moses Maimonides 1140 CE-Moses Maimonides, A Guide for the Perplexed, translated from the original Arabic text by M. Friedlaender THE GUIDE FOR THE PERPLEXED Moses Maimonides, A Guide for the Perplexed, translated from the original […]
A HISTORY OF HINDU CHEMISTRY-PRAPHULLA CHANDRA RAY 1903-Since the days of Sir W. Jones, Sanskrit literature, in almost every department, has been zealously ransacked by scholars, both European and Indian. As the results of their labours we are now in possession of ample facts and data, which enable us to from some idea of the knowledge of the Hindus of old in the ﬁelds of Philosophy and Mathematics including Astronomy, Arthmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry and Geometry.
A proposal to pay off the debt of the nation – Jonathan Swift 1740-A bishop's lease for the full term, is reckoned to be worth eleven years' purchase, but if we take the bishops round, I suppose, there may be four years of each lease elapsed, and many of the bishops being well stricken in years, I cannot think their lives round to be worth more than seven years' purchase; so that the purchasers may very well afford fifteen years' purchase for the reversion, especially by one great additional advantage, which I shall soon mention.
A Textbook of Theosophy – C.W. Leadbeater (1912)-We often speak of Theosophy as not in itself a religion, but the truth which lies behind all religions alike. That is so; yet, from another point of view, we may surely say that it is at once a philosophy, because it puts plainly before us an explanation of the scheme of evolution of both the souls and the bodies contained, in our solar system. It is a religion in so far as, having shown us the course of ordinary evolution, it also puts before us and advises a method of shortening that course, so that by conscious effort we may progress more directly towards the goal.
Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge-Paul Feyerabend-The new edition merges parts of Against Method with excerpts from Science in a Free Society. I have omitted material no longer of interest, added a chapter on the trial of Galileo and a chapter on the notion of reality that seems to be required by the fact that knowledge is part of a complex historical process, eliminated mistakes, shortened the argument wherever possible and freed it from some of its earlier idiosyncrasies.
AL-AQEEDATUT-TAHAAWIYYAH OF IMAAM AT-TAHAAWEE-Here is an explanation of the ‘Aqeedah (Creed and Belief), of the Ahul -Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah upon the way of the jurists of the Religion: Aboo Haneefah an -Nu’maan ibn Thaabit al -Koofee, and Aboo Yoosuf Ya’qoob ibn Ibraaheem al -An saaree, and Aboo ‘Abdillaah Muhammad ibn al -Hasan ash-Shaybaanee - may Allaah be pleased with them all, and what they held as their Creed from the fundamentals of the Religion and what they held as Religion in obedience to the Lord of the creation.
Alphabetical List of Bhagavadgita Slokas-अक्षरं न क्षरतीति अक्षरं परमात्मा, ‘एतस्य वा अक्षरस्य प्रशासने गार्गि’ (बृ. उ. ३ । ८ । ९) इति श्रुतेः । ओङ्कारस्य च ‘ओमित्येकाक्षरं ब्रह्म’ (भ. गी. ८ । १३) इति परेण विशेषणात् अग्रहणम् । परमम् इति च निरतिशये ब्रह्मणि अक्षरे उपपन्नतरम् विशेषणम् । तस्यैव परस्य ब्रह्मणः प्रतिदेहं प्रत्यगात्मभावः स्वभावः, स्वो भावः स्वभावः अध्यात्मम् उच्यते । आत्मानं देहम् अधिकृत्य प्रत्यगात्मतया प्रवृत्तं परमार्थब्रह्मावसानं वस्तु स्वभावः अध्यात्मम् उच्यते अध्यात्मशब्देन अभिधीयते । भूतभावोद्भवकरः भूतानां भावः भूतभावः तस्य उद्भवः भूतभावोद्भवः तं करोतीति भूतभावोद्भवकरः, भूतवस्तूत्पत्तिकर इत्यर्थः । विसर्गः विसर्जनं देवतोद्देशेन चरुपुरोडाशादेः द्रव्यस्य परित्यागः ; स एष विसर्गलक्षणो यज्ञः कर्मसंज्ञितः कर्मशब्दित इत्येतत् । एतस्मात् हि बीजभूतात् वृष्ट्यादिक्रमेण स्थावरजङ्गमानि भूतानि उद्भवन्ति
An Essay on Modern Education-Jonathan Swift-1740-The current opinion prevails, that the study of Greek and Latin is loss of time; that public schools, by mingling the sons of noblemen with those of the vulgar, engage the former in bad company; that whipping breaks the spirits of lads well born; that universities make young men pedants; that to dance, fence, speak French, and know how to behave yourself among great persons of both sexes, comprehends the whole duty of a gentleman.
Anandamat- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay-1882-আনন্দমঠ – বঙ্কিমচন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায় -1882 আনন্দমঠ – উপক্রমণিকা উপক্রমণিকা অতি বিস্তৃত অরণ্য। অরণ্যমধ্যে অধিকাংশ বৃক্ষই শাল, কিন্তু তদ্ভিন্ন আরও অনেকজাতীয় গাছ আছে। গাছের মাথায় মাথায় পাতায় পাতায় মিশামিশি হইয়া অনন্ত শ্রেণী চলিয়াছে। […]
Anatomy of an Illness -Norman Cousins-In his Anatomy of on Illness, Cousins identifies the natural recuperative mechanisms of the body with the processes that Waiter B. Cannon called homeostatic responses--namely, the natural processes that enable the organism to return to the "normal" state in which it was before being disturbed by a noxious influence. In reality, vis medicatrix naturae is much more complex, more powerful and more interesting than Cannon's homeostasis.
Animal Farm by George Orwell-Comrades, you have heard already about the strange dream that I had last night. But I will come to the dream later. I have something else to say first. I do not think, comrades, that I shall be with you for many months longer, and before I die, I feel it my duty to pass on to you such wisdom as I have acquired. I have had a long life, I have had much time for thought as I lay alone in my stall, and I think I may say that I understand the nature of life on this earth as well as any animal now living. It is about this that I wish to speak to you.
Appearance and Reality-F. H. BRADLEY-THE fact of illusion and error is in various ways forced early upon the mind; and the ideas by which we try to understand the universe, may be considered as attempts to set right our failure. In this division of my work I shall criticize some of these, and shall endeavour to show that they have not reached their object. I shall point out that the world, as so understood, contradicts itself; and is therefore appearance, and not reality. In this chapter I will begin with the proposal to make things intelligible by the distinction between primary and secondary qualities.
Arthur Schopenhauer on Education-No child under the age of fifteen should receive instruction in subjects which may possibly be the vehicle of serious error, such as philosophy, religion, or any other branch of knowledge where it is necessary to take large views; because wrong notions imbibed early can seldom be rooted out, and of all the intellectual faculties, judgment is the last to arrive at maturity. The child should give its attention either to subjects where no error is possible at all, such as mathematics, or to those in which there is no particular danger in making a mistake, such as languages, natural science, history and so on.
THE ANTICHRIST by Friedrich W. Nietzsche-This saintly anarchist, who aroused the people of the abyss, the outcasts and “sinners,” the Chandala of Judaism, to rise in revolt against the established order of things—and in language which, if the Gospels are to be credited, would get him sent to Siberia today—this man was certainly a political criminal, at least in so far as it was possible to be one in so absurdly unpolitical a community.
मेरी प्रिय पुस्तकें- My Favourite Books – OSHO-मौन अपने ही ढंग से बोलता है, आनंद का, शांति का, सौंदर्य का और आशीषों का अपना ही गीत गाता है; अन्यथा न तो कभी कोई ‘ताओ तेह किंग’ घटित होती और न ही कोई ‘सरमन ऑन दि माउंट।’ इन्हें मैं वास्तविक काव्य मानता हूं जब कि इन्हें किसी काव्यात्मक ढंग से संकलित नहीं किया गया है। ये अजनबी हैं। इन्हें बाहर रखा गया है। एक तरह से यह सच भी है: इनका किसी रीति, किसी नियम, किसी मापदंड से कुछ लेना-देना नहीं है; ये उन सबके पार हैं, इसलिए इन्हें एक किनारे कर दिया गया है।
এই কি ব্রাহ্ম বিবাহ-শিবনাথ শাস্ত্রী- Ei ki Brahma Bibaha Sivanath Sastri-সে যাহা হউক, পূৰ্ব্বোক্ত কথা গুলির মধ্যে একটী ভয়ঙ্কর মত লুকাইয়া রহিয়াছে; বিশেষতঃ ব্রাহ্ম ভিন্ন অপরের ধরিবার উপায় নাই। সে মতটী এই, কেশব বাবু বর্তমান সময়ের জগতের মুক্তির পন্থা আবিষ্কার করিবার জন্য বিশেষ ভাবে প্রেরিত; তাঁহার অবলম্বিত প্রচার প্রণালী ও সমুদায় আধ্যাত্মিক উপায়ের নাম বিশেষ বিধান। তিনি সাধারণ ব্যক্তিগণ অপেক্ষ স্বতন্ত্র। অন্য ব্যক্তিদিগের সমুদায় কৰ্ম্ম নিজ বুদ্ধির অধীন হইয়া থাকে কেশব বাবুর দৈনিক আহার পর্য্যন্ত ঈশ্বরাদেশে হইয়া থাকে। প্রতাপ বাবু ও গৌর বাবু স্পষ্টাক্ষরে বলিয়াছেন কেশব বাবু নিজে এই রূপ বিশ্বাস করেন।
Barrister’s World and The Nature of Law-The printed word has held lawyers and legal academics in its spell for too long. Mostly, when we think about "law" or "Law", we think of it as a body of clear printed texts which open themselves up to close textual analysis and which then "tell us" what to do. Yet the printed word has blinded us to the fact that much of what happens in law is not textual at all: it is to do with advocacy and persuasion. This blindness has been particularly apparent as it relates to what solicitors and barristers actually do: the research in this area is minute. If only one percent of the time spent in textual analysis had been spent on analysing law in practice, we would have a completely different view of the nature of law
Beelzebub’s Tales to His Grandson: Gurdjieff-FIRST SERIES Three books under the title of Beelzebub's Tales to His Grandson. An Objectively Impartial Criticism of the Life of Man. SECOND SERIES Two books under the common title of Meetings with Remarkable Men. THIRD SERIES Five books under the title of Life Is Real Only Then, When "I Am. " All written according to entirely new principles of logical reasoning and directed toward the accomplishment
Bhagavad Gita English Translation- Annie Besant-1907-AMONG the priceless teachings that may be found in the great Hindu poem of the Mahâbhârata, there is none so rare and precious as this—"The Lord's Song." Since it fell from the divine lips of Shrî Krishna on the field of battle, and stilled the surging emotions of his disciple and friend, how many troubled hearts has it quieted and strengthened, how many weary souls has it led to Him!
CAIN-A MYSTERY: Lord Byron`s Apocalyptic Anti-Christian Drama 1821-With regard to the language of Lucifer, it was difficult for me to make him talk like a clergyman upon the same subjects; but I have done what I could to restrain him within the bounds of spiritual politeness. If he disclaims having tempted Eve in the shape of the Serpent, it is only because the book of Genesis has not the most distant allusion to anything of the kind, but merely to the Serpent in his serpentine capacity.
Church and State: Leo Tolstoy-In Christianity, the whole fraud is built up on the fantastic conception of a Church ; a conception founded on nothing, and which as soon as we begin to study Christianity amazes us by its unexpected and useless absurdity. Of all the godless ideas and words there is none more godless than that of a Church. There is no idea which has produced more evil, none more inimical to Christ's teaching, than the idea of a Church.
Conventional Lies of our Civilization-Max Simon Nordau-1883-This book claims to be a faithful presentation of the views of the majority of educated, cultivated people of the present day. There is no doubt but what millions living in the midst of our civilization have learned by their own reflection and experience to regard and criticise the existing conditions of State and society as they are criticised in the following pages, and will coincide in the opinion expressed in them, that the present social, political and economic institutions are utterly at variance with the views and conceptions of the universe based upon natural science, and therefore untenable and doomed to destruction.
Conversion Of Constantine-Edward Gibbon: PT-1-The primitive Christians derived the institution of civil government, not from the consent of the people, but from the decrees of Heaven. The reigning emperor, though he had usurped the sceptre by treason and murder, immediately assumed the sacred character of vicegerent of the Deity. To the Deity alone he was accountable for the abuse of his power; and his subjects were indissolubly bound, by their oath of fidelity, to a tyrant, who had violated every law of nature and society.
Defence of Hindu Society-Sita Ram Goel-1983-Hindu society has been inspired through the ages by such mighty ãtras as the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Gita, the Jainãgama, the TripiTaka, the various Yogaãstras, the VãNî of Siddhas and Sants, and the devotional outpourings of Alvars and Nayanars. Hindu society has been reawakened and reformed by such visionaries as Bankim Chandra, Maharshi Dayananda, Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, Rabindranath, and Subramanya Bharati.
Dialogue on Orators by Tacitus-43 BCE-An imaginary conversation on oratory, pleading, advocacy and counselling by Roman Historian Tacitus Date: 43 BCE I You often ask me, Justus Fabius, how it is that while the genius and the […]
DISCOURSE ON THE METHOD- Rene Descartes-If this Discourse appear too long to be read at once, it may be divided into six Parts: and, in the first, will be found various considerations touching the Sciences; in the second, the principal rules of the Method which the Author has discovered, in the third, certain of the rules of Morals which he has deduced from this Method; in the fourth, the reasonings by which he establishes the existence of God and of the Human Soul, which are the foundations of his Metaphysic; in the fifth, the order of the Physical questions which he has investigated
Essentials of Hindutva – by V.D. Savarkar-1922-Essentials of Hindutva – by V.D. Savarkar Date: 1922 Veer Savarkar completed his historic book “Essentials of Hindutva” while still in Andamans. This was later published under the pseudo name ‘A Mahratta’ […]
Freedom of the Seas, or Right Which Belongs to Dutch to take part in East Indian Trade-Hugo Grotius-1608-The delusion is as old as it is detestable with which many men, especially those who by their wealth and power exercise the greatest influence, persuade themselves, or as I rather believe, try to persuade themselves, that justice and injustice are distinguished the one from the other not by their own nature, but in some fashion merely by the opinion and the custom of mankind-Error est non minus vetus quam pestilens, quo multi mortales, ii autem maxime qui plurimum vi atque opibus valent, persuadent sibi, aut, quod verius puto, persuadere conantur, iustum atque iniustum non suapte natura, sed hominum inani quadam opinione atque consuetudine distingui.
Future evolution of Man-The divine life upon earth-Sri Aurobindo-1963-THE earliest preoccupation of man in his awakened thoughts and, as it seems, his inevitable and ultimate preoccupation, – for it survives the longest periods of scepticism and returns after every banishment, – is also the highest which his thought can evisage. It manifests itself in the divination of Godhead, the impulse towards perfection, the search after pure Truth and unmixed Bliss, the sense of a secret immortality. The ancient dawns of human knowledge have left us their witness to this constant aspiration; today we see a humanity satiated but not satisfied by victorious analysis of the externalities of Nature preparing to return to its primeval longings. The earliest formula of Wisdom promises to be its last, – God, Light, Freedom, Immortality.
God and the State: Mikhail Bakunin-That abstraction, that caput mortuum, absolutely void of all contents the true nothing, God, is proclaimed the only real, eternal, all-powerful being. The real All is declared nothing and the absolute nothing the All. The shadow becomes the substance and the substance vanishes like a shadow.
GULISTAN OF SA’DI by Sheikh Muslih-uddin Sa’di Shirazi-1258 CE-It is best to a worshipper for his transgressions To offer apologies at the throne of God, Although what is worthy of his dignity No one is able to accomplish. The showers of his boundless mercy have penetrated to every spot, and the banquet of his unstinted liberality is spread out everywhere. He tears not the veil of reputation of his worshippers
even for grievous sins, and does not withhold their daily allowance of bread for great crimes.
Gurdjieff’s Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man-Gurdjieff’s Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man Main Branch: France Fontainebleau (Formerly “Chateau du Prieuré”)  The Prospectus for Gurdjieff’s Institute describes its program as “practically the continuation of the Society that […]
History of the christian Church-Philip Schaff-HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH-1858 My “History of the Apostolic Church” (which bears a relation to my “History of the Christian Church,” similar to that which Neander’s “History of the Planting and […]
History of the Common Law of England by Matthew Hale 1713-The Laws of England may aptly enough be divided into two Kinds, viz. Lex Scripta, the written Law: and Lex non Scripta, the unwritten Law: For although (as shall be shewn hereafter) all the Laws of this Kingdom have some Monuments or Memorials thereof in Writing, yet all of them have not their Original in Writing; for some of those Laws have obtain'd their Force by immemorial Usage or Custom, and such Laws are properly call'd Leges non Scriptae, or unwritten Laws or Customs.
Irish Republican Army (IRA) ‘Green Book’ (Book I and II)-The Irish Republican Army, as the legal representatives of the Irish people, are morally justified in carrying out a campaign of resistance against foreign occupation forces and domestic collaborators. All volunteers are and must feel morally justified in carrying out the dictates of the legal government; they as the Army are the legal and lawful Army of the Irish Republic which has been forced underground by overwhelming forces
Land of Two Rivers – A History of Bengal From the Mahabharata to Mujib-Nitish Sengupta-The history of Bengal is sketched right from the days of the Mahabharata, through the Maurya, Gupta, Pala, and Sen dynasties, the Turkish conquest and the Turkish phase of medieval Bengal, the Mughal period and the British conquest of this province in the eighteenth century. Thereafter, it sketches the Bengal Renaissance, the growth of nationalism, the growth of Muslim separatist politics, the attempts at forging a united Bengali nation and eventually the failure of these efforts leading to Partition.
LAWS OF ENGLAND: WILLIAM BLACKSTONE-1753-THE municipal law of England, or the rule of civil conduct prescribed to the inhabitants of this kingdom, may with sufficient propriety be divided into two kinds; the lex non scripta, the unwritten, or common law; and the lex scripta, the written, or statute law.
The lex non scripta, or unwritten law, includes not only general customs, or the common law properly so called; but also the particular customs of certain parts of the kingdom; and likewise those particular laws, that are by custom observed only in certain courts and jurisdictions.
LAWS-by Plato-Is not the knowledge of the Gods which we have set forth with so much zeal one of the noblest sorts of knowledge—to know that they are, and know how great is their power, as far as in man lies? We do indeed excuse the mass of the citizens, who only follow the voice of the laws, but we refuse to admit as guardians any who do not labour to obtain every possible evidence that there is respecting the Gods; our city is forbidden and not allowed to choose as a guardian of the law, or to place in the select order of virtue, him who is not an inspired man, and has not laboured at these things.
Liber AL vel Legis -The Book of the Law-Introduction I The Book 1. This book was dictated in Cairo between noon and 1 p.m. on three successive days, April 8th, 9th and 10th in the year 1904. The Author called […]
Managing Sonia Mino by Narasimha Rao – Extract from ‘Half Lion’-This was a curious honour for someone even Narasimha Rao privately considered a ‘praise addict’ who was too inexperienced to run India. As we saw earlier, the government even donated 100 crore rupees to the newly formed Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, which was being run by Sonia Gandhi.
Mao’s Evaluations of Stalin-Apart from helping us from the doctrinal standpoint in our War of Resistance Against Japan, Stalin has also given us practical and concrete aid. Since the victory of Stalin’s cause, he has aided us with many airplanes, cannons, aviators, and military advisers in every theater of operations, as well as lending us money. What other country in the world has helped us in this way? What country in the world, led by what class, party, or individual, has helped us in this way? Who is there, apart from the Soviet Union, the proletariat, the Communist Party, and Stalin
Mein Kampf (My Struggle) by Adolf Hitler-1925-If, in the world of our present parliamentary corruption, it becomes more and more aware of the profoundest essence of its struggle, feels itself to be the purest embodiment of the value of race and personality and conducts itself accordingly, it will with almost mathematical certainty some day emerge victorious from its struggle. Just as Germany must inevitably win her rightful position on this earth if she is led and organized according to the same principles.
Mini Manual of the Urban Guerrilla by Carlos Marighella-1969-The urban guerrilla, differs radically from the criminal. The criminal benefits personally from his actions, and attacks indiscrimminately without distinguishing between the exploiters and the exploited, which is why there are so many ordinary people among his victims. The urban guerrilla follows a political goal, and only attacks the government, the big businesses and the foreign imperialists. Another element just as harmful to the guerrillas as the criminal, and also operating in the urban area, is the counterrevolutionary, who creates confusion, robs banks, throws bombs, kidnaps, assassinates, and commits the worst crimes imaginable against urban guerrillas, revolutionary priests, students, and citizens who oppose tyranny and seek liberty.
Nationalism by Sir Ravindranath Tagore-1918-A nation, in the sense of the political and economic union of a people, is that aspect which a whole population assumes when organized for a mechanical purpose. Society as such has no ulterior purpose. It is an end in itself. It is a spontaneous self-expression of man as a social being. It is a natural regulation of human relationships, so that men can develop ideals of life in co-operation with one another.
Nehru’s Fatal Friendship-Sita Ram Goel-Ever since the signing of the U.S.-Pakistan Military Aid Agreement, our Government has, to all intents and purposes, abandoned its policy of neutrality and entered on a phase of enthusiastic friendship with the Soviet Union and its satellite, Red China. Whether there was a predisposition for this change, and the U.S.-Pak Agreement provided merely a handy excuse, is a larger question which I do not want to discuss here.
On Life after Death: Carl Gustav Jung 1934-Parapsychology holds it to be a scientifically valid proof of an afterlife that the dead manifest themselves—either as ghosts, or through a medium—and communicate things which they alone could possibly know. But even though there do exist such well-documented cases, the question remains whether the ghost or the voice is identical with the dead person or is a psychic projection, and whether the things said really derive from the deceased or from knowledge which may be present in the unconscious.
Poetics by Aristotle- 350 BCE-I propose to treat of Poetry in itself and of its various kinds, noting the essential quality of each, to inquire into the structure of the plot as requisite to a good poem; into the number and nature of the parts of which a poem is composed; and similarly into whatever else falls within the same inquiry. Following, then, the order of nature, let us begin with the principles which come first.
Principia Ethica-G. E. Moore 1903-I have tried in this book to distinguish clearly two kinds of question, which moral philosophers have always professed to answer, but which, as I have tried to shew, they have almost always confused both with one another and with other questions. These two questions may be expressed, the first in the form: What kind of things ought to exist for their own sakes? the second in the form: What kind of actions ought we to perform?
Qaseeda Shah Naimat-Hazrat Naimat Ullah Shah Wali [1300 CE]-Difference between Wali and Walayat should be kept in mind. Walayat (Sainthood) is a position, a station that is assigned to a Wali (Saint). i.e. Wali has his own existence and Walayat has its own existence. Take an example of Ilm (knowledge) and A'alim (Scholar). A'alim is the one who has been given the knowledge. Similar is the relation in Nabuvat (Prophet hood) and Nabi (Prophet). Prophet is the one who has been assigned the station of Prophet hood.
Reminiscences of the Nehru Age by M O Mathai-Mathai was the only one to know everything about Nehru, most especially the first Prime Minister's private thoughts about Politics, Congress leaders, Bureaucrats, Money, Women, Sex, and Alcohol, along with much else that attracted his attention off and on. So we have completely new information, never before published, about Nehru's style, Krishna Menon's personal habits, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit's extravagance, Feroze Gandhi's ambitions, and Mountbatten's weakness for titles and honours. In the process, new light is thrown on Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Patel, Kidwai, TTK, Maulana Azad, Rajaji, Rajendra Prasad, Radhakrishnan, Churchill, Shaw, and Lady Mountbatten.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY-a step-by-step guide for beginners-Ranjit Kumar-Research methodology is taught as a supporting subject in several ways in many academic disciplines such as health, education, psychology, social work, nursing, public health, library studies and marketing research. The core philosophical base for this book comes from my conviction that, although these disciplines vary in content, their broad approach to a research enquiry is similar. This book, therefore, is addressed to these academic disciplines
Rhetoric by Aristotle- 350 BCE-Rhetoric is the counterpart of Dialectic. Both alike are concerned with such things as come, more or less, within the general ken of all men and belong to no definite science. Accordingly all men make use, more or less, of both; for to a certain extent all men attempt to discuss statements and to maintain them, to defend themselves and to attack others.
RULERS OF INDIA-ALBUQUERQUE-Affonso de Albuquerque was the first European since Alexander the Great who dreamed of establishing an empire in India, or rather in Asia, governed from Europe. The period in which he fought and ruled in the East is one of entrancing interest and great historical importance, and deserves more attention than it has received from the English people, as the present ruling race in India.
Sadhana: Rabindranath Tagore-This is why the Upanishads describe those who have attained the goal of human life as 'peaceful' and as 'at-one-with-God,'" meaning that they are in perfect harmony with man and nature, and therefore in undisturbed union with God.We have a glimpse of the same truth in the teachings of Jesus when he says. It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of Heaven' - which implies that whatever we treasure for ourselves separates us from others; our possessions are our limitations.
Sri Navadvipa-VhabaTaranga by Bhaktivinoda Thakur-1880-Offering obeisances to the feet of all the devotees, I will now briefly describe Sri Navadvipa-dhama. Even the demigods headed by Lord Brahma do not know the unlimited glories of Navadvipa mandala, so who can possibly describe that dhama fully? Since the thousand-mouthed Sesa cannot describe it completely, how can I, an insignificant living entity, do so? Even Lord Siva can find no end to the unlimited glories of Navadvipa-dhama. Nevertheless, the desire of Sri Caitanya is powerful, and according to His wish the devotees have given me an order. Therefore, by the mercy of the devotees, I hereby describe the glories of Nadia
THE ANABASIS OF ALEXANDER BY ARRIAN 250 CE-All we know of Arrian is derived from the notice of him in the Bibliotheca of Photius, who was Patriarch of Constantinople in the ninth century, and from a few incidental references in his own writings. We learn from Suidas that Dion Cassius wrote a biography of Arrian; but this work is not extant.
The Analects – Confucius-The philosopher Tsang said, "I daily examine myself on three points:-whether, in transacting business for others, I may have been not faithful;-whether, in intercourse with friends, I may have been not sincere;-whether I may have not mastered and practiced the instructions of my teacher."
Tsze-hsia said, "If a man withdraws his mind from the love of beauty, and applies it as sincerely to the love of the virtuous; if, in serving his parents, he can exert his utmost strength; if, in serving his prince, he can devote his life; if, in his intercourse with his friends, his words are sincere:-although men say that he has not learned, I will certainly say that he has
The Art of War – Sun Tzu-The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one's deliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field.These are: (1) The Moral Law; (2) Heaven; (3) Earth; (4) The Commander; (5) Method and discipline.
The Art of War-Niccolo Machiavelli-1521-But because military institutions have become completely corrupt and far removed from the ancient ways, these sinister opinions have arisen which make the military hated and intercourse with those who train them avoided. And I, judging, by what I have seen and read, that it is not impossible to restore its ancient ways and return some form of past virtue to it, have decided not to let this leisure time of mine pass without doing something, to write what I know of the art of war, to the satisfaction of those who are lovers of the ancient deeds.
THE CHACHNAMAH- An Ancient History Of Sind-1216 CE-Chachnámah is a Persian translation of an Arabic manuscript on the conquest of Sind by Arabs, written by Alí son of Muhammad Kúfí, originally of Kúfah (in Syria), but subsequently a resident of Uch, in 613 A. H. (1216 A. D.)
The doctrine of the English Gentleman in the 16th Century-Ruth Kelso -The difficulty of arriving at a fair representation of the Elizabethan ideal of the gentleman is indicated by this variety of its sources, which often present incompatible if not warring elements. The renaissance claimed that it drew its morality from Christianity, that is from the church fathers, and made use of pagan philosophers only in so far as they were compatible with Christianity and reinforced it.
The Gospel in Brief by Leo Tolstoy-1883-The reader should remember that Jesus never wrote any book himself, as Plato, Philo, or Marcus Aurelius did; nor even, like Socrates, transmitted his teaching to educated men, but that he spoke to many uneducated men and only long after his death did people begin to write down what they had heard about him. The reader should remember that there were very many such accounts from among which the Churches selected first three Gospels and then one more, and that in selecting those best Gospels as the proverb,-'There is no stick without knots' says-they had to take in many knots with what they selected from the whole mass of writings about Christ, and that there are many passages in the canonical Gospels just as poor as in the rejected apocryphal ones.
The Institute of Justinian-Institutiones Justiniani-533 [Full text]-With deepest application and forethought, and by the blessing of God, we have attained both of these objects. The barbarian nations which we have subjugated know our valour, Africa and other provinces without number being once more, after so long an interval, reduced beneath the sway of Rome by victories granted by Heaven, and themselves bearing witness to our dominion. All peoples too are ruled by laws which we have either enacted or arranged. Having removed every inconsistency from the sacred constitutions, hitherto inharmonious and confused, we extended our care to the immense volumes of the older jurisprudence; and, like sailors crossing the mid-ocean, by the favour of Heaven have now completed a work of which we once despaired.
The Law- by Frédéric Bastiat -The law is justice—simple and clear, precise and bounded. Every eye can see it, and every mind can grasp it; for justice is measurable, immutable, and unchangeable. Justice is neither more than this nor less than this.
The Odyssey by Homer-The ordained time has now arrived, when by the counsels of the Gods, Odysseus is to be brought home to free his house, to avenge himself on the wooers, and recover his kingdom. The chief agent in his restoration is Pallas Athene; the first book opens with her prayer to Zeus that Odysseus may be delivered. For this purpose Hermes is to be sent to Calypso to bid her release Odysseus, while Pallas Athene in the shape of Mentor, a friend of Odysseus, visits Telemachus in Ithaca. She bids him call an assembly of the people, dismiss the wooers to their homes, and his mother to her father’s house, and go in quest of his own father, in Pylos, the city of Nestor, and Sparta, the home of Menelaus. Telemachus recognises the Goddess, and the first day closes.
THE PROPHET By Kahlil Gibran-1923-“His power came from some great reservoir of spiritual life else it could not have been so universal and so potent, but the majesty and beauty of the language with which he […]
THE SPIRIT OF LAWS: Baron de Montesquieu 1748-I beg one favour of my readers, which I fear will not be granted me; this is, that they will not judge by a few hours reading of the labour of twenty years; that they will approve or condemn the book entire, and not a few particular phrases. If they would search into the design of the author, they can do it no other way so completely as by searching into the design of the work.
THE SUMMA THEOLOGICA -St. Thomas Aquinas-Index Generalis Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) PROLOGUE QUESTION 1. THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF SACRED DOCTRINE QUESTION 2. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD QUESTION 3. OF THE SIMPLICITY OF GOD QUESTION 4. THE PERFECTION OF […]
Thus Spake Zarathustra-Friedrich Nietzsche-1881-Nietzsche’s great service was in bringing Zarathustra back to the modern world. His great disservice was Adolf Hitler. He did both. Of course he was not responsible for Adolf Hitler. It was Hitler’s own misunderstanding of Nietzsche’s idea of “superman’.” What could Nietzsche do about it? If you misunderstand me, what can I do about it? Misunderstanding is always your freedom. Adolf Hitler was a juvenile mediocrity, a retarded child, really ugly. Just remember his face – that small mustache, those fearful eyes staring as though trying to make you fearful, and the tense forehead. He was so tense that he could not even be friendly to anybody throughout his whole life. To be a friend one needs to be a little relaxed.
Tibetan book of the dead: Bardo Thodol-If you do not know how to meditate, examine carefully whatever terrifies you and see the voidness that is its lack of objective status. That is the Natural Body of Truth. And that voidness is not merely an annihilation. Your triumphant, distinct awareness of the terror of the void is itself the blissful mind of the Body of Beatitude. Voidness and clarity are indistinguishable; the actuality of the void is clarity, the actuality of clarity is voidness. Your awareness of voidness-clarity indivisible is stripped naked, and now you abide in the unfabricated experience. That is the Wisdom Body of Truth. and that spontaneously and unobstructedly arises anywhere. and that is the Body of Compassionate Emanation.
Vatsyayana Kamasutram -Sanskrit-कामसूत्र : महर्षि वात्सयायन -Ancient Vedics were never a worshipping community like present-day Christians. They celebrated Life under the guidance of gods(Devata), they accepted Life as it is, they never tried to modify it to suit Religion (A word denotes a group or party). धर्मअर्थकामेभ्यो नमः - Dharma was the foundation of Life and healthy society. Artha was the business of the Society and Kama was the goal of Life. Moksha is the outcome of complete observation of Dhartha Artha and Kama. Kama sutra is not a book of Lovemaking or Erotic literature - it has no parnographic role and thus it has no erotic industry. At the same time, it is not to control one's sexual behaviour or impose Church type closed morality over sexual activity. Kama sutra shall no propose to teach the art of Sex or proper sexual attitude. It is not a manual book for sexual practice.
What is a Nation-Ernest Renan 1882-A nation is a soul, a spiritual principle. Two things which, properly speaking, are really one and the same constitute this soul, this spiritual principle. One is the past, the other is the present. One is the possession in common of a rich legacy of memories; the other is present consent, the desire to live together, the desire to continue to invest in the heritage that we have jointly received. Messieurs, man does not improvise.
Why I am an atheist: Bhagat Singh (1930)-You Mohammadens and Christians: Hindu Philosophy shall still linger on to offer another argument. I ask you, what is your answer to the above-mentioned question? You don't believe in previous birth. Like Hindus you cannot advance the argument of previous misdoings of the apparently quite innocent sufferers? I ask you, why did the omnipotent labor for six days to create the world through word and each day to say that all was well? Call him today. Show him the past history. Make him study the present situation. Let us see if he dares to say, "All is well".
William Shakespeare-Selected Poetry-A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act II, Scene I [Over hill, over dale]
Antony and Cleopatra, Act II, Scene II [The barge she sat in, like a burnish'd throne]
As You Like It, Act II, Scene VII [All the world's a stage]
As You Like It, Act II, Scene VII [Blow, blow, thou winter wind]
From fairest creatures we desire increase (Sonnet 1)
Works of Marcus Tullius Cicero: 47-45BCE-We asked you, long ago, or rather implored you, to write a History of the Roman empire, for we conceive if you undertook this literary enterprise, even in the historical department, we should yield no palms or laurels to Greece. And if you will listen to my opinion, it seems to me that you owe this gift, not only to the affection of those who are delighted with your writings, but you likewise owe it to your country,
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