Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965

An Act to abolish capital punishment in the case of persons convicted in Great Britain of murder or convicted of murder or a corresponding offence by court-martial and, in connection therewith, to make further provision for the punishment of persons so convicted.

Indian Supreme Court on Murder Cases

Supreme Court opinions on Murder Cases before it ..Facts ..Trial.. Evidence.. Punishment.. Aggravated and Mitigating circumstance .. Conversion of Death sentence to Life sentence ..Appeal against conviction and acquittal ..Revision ..Writ..Review.. Curative petition.. Bail granted , rejected and cancelled..Constitutional challenge..Rarest of the rare doctrine ..Law and order cases..Political assassination .. Terror attack ..Murder with rape... Claim of Juvenility..

Mani Vs. State of Kerala and Others-1/4/2019

Offence of Murder - In view of sudden fight without any premeditation, the conviction of the appellant for an offence under Section 302 is not made out. The cause of death of the deceased is knife blow on the chest of the deceased-Soman. Such injury is with the knowledge that such injury is likely to cause death, but without any intention to cause death. Thus, the death of Soman is a culpable homicide not amounting to murder as the death has occurred in heat of passion upon a sudden quarrel falling within Exception 4 of Section 300 of IPC. Therefore, it is an offence punishable under Section 304 Part I, IPC.

In the scheme of the IPC culpable homicide is genus and ‘murder’ its species

All `murder' is `culpable homicide' but not vice-versa. Speaking generally, `culpable homicide' sans 'special characteristics of murder is culpable homicide not amounting to murder'. For the purpose of fixing punishment, proportionate to the gravity of the generic offence, the IPC practically recognizes three degrees of culpable homicide. The first is, what may be called, `culpable homicide of the first degree'. This is the gravest form of culpable homicide, which is defined in Section 300 as `murder'.