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INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT 1872 [Click for full section view ]

Act No. 1 of 1872

Preamble.— WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate, define and amend the law of Evidence; it is hereby enacted as follows:—


Comment :  The Judge may, in order to discover or to obtain proper proof of relevant facts, ask any question he pleases, in any form, at any time, of any witness, or of the parties, about any fact relevant or irrelevant; and may order the production of any document or thing; and neither the parties nor their agents shall be entitled to make any objection to any such question or order, nor, without the leave of the Court, to cross-examine any witness upon any answer given in reply to any such question:

Provided that the Judgment must be based upon facts declared by this Act to be relevant, and duly proved:

Provided also that this section shall not authorize any Judge to compel any witness to answer any question, or to produce any document which such witness would be entitled to refuse to answer or produce under sections 121 to 131, both inclusive, if the questions were asked or the documents were called for by the adverse party; nor shall the Judge ask any question which it would be improper for any other person to ask under section 148 or 149; nor shall he dispense with primary evidence of any document, except in the cases hereinbefore excepted [S165 Judge’s power to put questions or order production]

The whole Evidence Act moves around the above Section.

PART I (CH 1-2)
प्रासंगिक तथ्य


1. SHORT TITLE, EXTENT AND COMMENCEMENT— This Act may be called the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.

It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir and applies to all judicial proceedings in or before any Court, including Courts-martial,other than Courts-martial convened under the Army Act (44 & 45 Vict., c. 58), the Naval Discipline Act (29 & 30 Vict., c. 109) or the Indian Navy (Discipline) Act, 1934 (34 of 1934) or the Air Force Act (7 Geo. 5, c. 51) but not to affidavits presented to any Court or Officer, nor to proceedings before an arbitrator;

and it shall come into force on the first day of September, 1872.