International Treaties

Law Library

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 INDIA IN UNITED NATIONS   Image result for new animated gif icon



  • INDIA IN SECURITY COUNCIL – PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE  Article 30 of the Charter stipulates that the Security Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, and in 1946 the Council adopted its Provisional Rules of Procedure (S/96). Subsequently, the Provisional Rules of Procedure were modified on several occasions;  the last revision was made in 1982 (S/96/Rev.7) in order to add Arabic as the sixth official  language, in conformity with General Assembly resolution 35/219 of 17 December 1980

SC HAND BOOK OF METHOD   This Handbook is designed both for insiders as well as the public at large. It contains an introduction which places the Security Council in the larger context of the United Nations and how it operates



India`s International Treaties [Treaty List]


India Centre for Migration (ICM)

India Centre for Migration (ICM- formerly known as Indian Council of Overseas Employment) as a ‘not for profit’ society under the Societies Registration Act 1860, in July, 2008. The Centre serves as a research think-tank to the Ministry of The Ministry, Govt. of India, on all matters relating to ‘International Migration’. The Centre undertakes empirical, analytical and policy related research, and undertakes pilot projects to document good practices.



Treaty’ means an international agreement concluded between States in written form and governed by international law, whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments and whatever its particular designation.

  • By virtue of their functions and without having to produce full powers, the following are considered as representing their State: (a) Heads of State, Heads of Government and Ministers for Foreign Affairs, for the purpose of performing all acts relating to the conclusion of a treaty; (b) Heads of diplomatic missions, for the purpose of adopting the text of a treaty between the accrediting State and the State to which they are accredited; (c) Representatives accredited by States to an international conference or to an international organization or one of its organs, for the purpose of adopting the text of a treaty in that conference, organization or organ.


Labour Mobility Partnership  (LMPA)

Memorandum of Understanding  (MOUs)

Overseas Employment (MEA)

Social Security Agreements

FAQs     Pertaining to Indian Citizen living abroad .




DEPOSITORY POLICE – Multilateral agreements do not remain static and the depositary is frequently required to solve problems that arise. Changes in the structure of States, the emergence of new States exercising full sovereignty and the establishment of a growing number of international organizations have also had repercussions in the field of multilateral agreements.  It will therefore be seen that the Secretary-General’s practice has evolved over time as a result of efforts to find more satisfactory solutions in the light of experience or of actions by an organ of the United Nations or in response to comments from Governments[SUMMARY OF PRACTICE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL  [READ MORE]


India Investment Related Instruments (IRIs) [The database of international investment agreements]

UNITED NATIONS MULTILATERAL TREATIES UPDATED AS ON AUGUST 2015[India as a signatory] Check  an Individual Item

Certified True Copies (CTCs) of Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General                                                   [ STATUTES ]     [ TITLE OF TREATIES] PDF

INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMISSION [The Commission initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of … encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification]


VIENNA CONVENTION LAWS (Multiple in Numbers)

 ‘Vienna Convention’  is a Call name for a series of Treaties signed in Vienna. Notables  are:




Multilateral Cooperation

The Government of India  is interacting with various multilateral forums like WTO, UN and its Bodies (UNESCO, UNCTAD, UNDP, ECOSOC, ESCAP etc.), Commonwealth, SAARC, ASEAN World Bank and Asian Development Bank (ADB) etc. to showcase India’s strength in ICT sector, protect its interests and to explore business opportunities for Indian industry.

World Trade Organisation

  • The World Trade Organisation (WTO) is the global international organisation dealing with the rules of trade between the nations. At its heart are the two WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified by their Parliaments. General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) applies to trade in services and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) applies to trade in goods.
  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is actively involved in the on-going negotiations in WTO for trade in Information Technology and Services (Computer and Related Services) under GATS and for trade in Electronics Goods through the system of Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) under GATT.
  • Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Department of Commerce is the nodal agency of the Government of India for all matters pertaining to WTO including both the agreements i.e. GATS and GATT.
  • For further details please click at is external)

Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID) of United Nations

  • During 2006 United Nation established Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID) to contribute to transforming the spirit and vision of the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) into action and promoting the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals. The World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) emerged out of the recommendations of United Nations ICT Task Force and met twice during 2003 in Geneva and 2005 in Tunis and developed Geneva Plan of Action for bridging the global digital divide.
  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has been actively involved in the United Nation ICT Task Force and the WSIS and is also engaged in the efforts of Global Alliance for ICT and Development (GAID).
  • More information is available at the websites (link is external), (link is external)and is external)

UNESCAP – Asia Pacific Centre for ICT (APCICT):

  • APCICT is a subsidiary body of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It came into existence in June 2006 at Incheon, Republic of Korea. The Centre mission is to strengthen the efforts of the member countries of ESCAP to use ICT in their socio-economic development through human and institutional capacity building. To meet this objective, APCICT work is focused on three inter-related pillars. They are; training, research and advisory services. Together they form an integrated approach to ICT human capacity building.
  • The center is aimed at creating ICT-ready environment through capacity-building training and workshops. Its main areas are ICT applications and development; ICT for development policy, process and governance and e-Government applications.
  • India has been member of the Governing Council (GC) of APCICT since its inception and attending the GC meetings. The Ministry has been funding UN APCICT to the tune of US$ 20,000 per annum. Indian participants have been attending the training programs/workshops/etc organized by APCICT.
  • Towards cooperation with APCICT, the Ministry intends to extend its expertise towards development of multi-purpose community e-centers, enhancing Pacific connectivity for improved ICT access, furthering initiatives in HRD and capacity building, etc.
  • More information about the programme is available on website is external)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO):

  • In the area of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), during the year 2000, UNESCO has initiated an intergovernmental programme of Information For All (IFA) which is exclusively dedicated to promoting universal access to information and knowledge for development. Through this programme, Governments of the world have pledged to harness the new opportunities of the information age to create equitable societies through better access to information.
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India is actively involved in the UNESCO Information For All Programme by providing various national level inputs and information on best practices.
  • More information about the IFA programme is available on the UNESCO website is external)

Commonwealth Connects Programme (CCP)

  • The Commonwealth Connects Programme has laid a clear strategic foundation for the realisation of its vision of how ICT can be used to promote sustainable development throughout the Commonwealth and how Commonwealth networks can be used to bridge the digital divide.
  • The programme has taken significant steps in facilitating the sharing of the enormous ICT resources deployed within the Commonwealth so that ICT-rich member countries do more to support countries that are ICT-disadvantaged in using ICT for development and improving the lives of all their citizens.
  • The programme supports projects on a selective basis, looking at their potential for replication across member states and for demonstrating the potential for collaboration between Commonwealth governments and other stakeholders.
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India is actively involved in this programme and is providing various inputs based on its strengths in the field of information and communication and technologies including advice on replication of various successful projects in the Commonwealth member states.
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India has already facilitated Commonwealth Connects in replicating Indian Hole-in-the-Wall project in Uganda.
  • More information about the programme is available on website is external)


Digital Economy and G20

G20 members include the G8 countries, namely, USA, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Canada and Russia; and the 11 emerging and developing countries, namely, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, South Africa and Turkey; and the EU. The European Union is represented by the President of the European Council and by the European Central Bank.

G20 accounted for 90 per cent of the World GDP and nearly 80 per cent of World trade in 2011. G20 represents two thirds of World Population.

  • Digital Economy: advantage of the G20 to help address both opportunities and challenges brought by ICTs, and propose some common understanding, principles anThe G20 leaders recognized that we are living in an age of Internet economy that brings both opportunities and challenges to global growth. In 2016, the G20 will address ways to collectively leverage digital opportunities, cope with challenges, and promote the Digital Economy to drive inclusive economic growth and development. The digital economy refers to economic activity that uses digitized information and knowledge as the key factor of production, modern information networks as the important activity space, and the effective use of information and communication technology (ICT) as an important driver for efficiency-enhancing and economic structural optimization. Internet, cloud computing, big data, Internet of Things (IoT) and other ICTs are used to collect, store, analyze, and share information digitally and transform social interactions. Digitized, networked and intelligent ICTs enable modern economic activities to be more flexible, agile and smart. While recognizing existing national, regional, and global strategies on digital and Internet issues between and among different stakeholders, the G20 Digital Economy Task Force (DETF) will take the unique d key areas for the development and cooperation of the digital economy. This Ministry is the nodal agency in the DETF 2016 on behalf of Government of India.
  • Structural Reforms: Structural Reforms are essential to support growth in the near term and bolster potential growth in the medium term and are central element of the G20’s strategy of achieving job-rich growth. With the support of international organizations (IMF & OECD), nine (9) priority areas for structural reform have been indentified wherein “Encouraging Innovation” is concerned with the  Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
  • Growth Strategies: After the Australian Presidency in 2014, the member countries prepared growth strategies outlining measures to boost growth which are updated annually. The growth strategies for India in 2014 and revised it under the Turkish Presidency in 2015 which will now be carried forward under the Chinese Presidency in 2016. Under the enhanced structural reform agenda of the Chinese Presidency, members will submit details of new, high impact policies to boost growth in a set of nine priority areas wherein “Encouraging Innovation” is relevant with Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).



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