Law of the Roman Kings-753-510 B.C.E

After Romulus had distinguished the persons of higher rank from those of inferior condition, then he passed laws and apportioned the duties for each to do: the patricians to be priests and magistrates and judges; the plebeians to be farmers, cattle breeders, and artisans of gainful trades. ... He entrusted and gave the plebeians to the patricians by permitting each plebeian ... to choose for his patron the patrician whom he wished ... and by calling this protection patronage.

LAWS-by Plato

Is not the knowledge of the Gods which we have set forth with so much zeal one of the noblest sorts of knowledge—to know that they are, and know how great is their power, as far as in man lies? We do indeed excuse the mass of the citizens, who only follow the voice of the laws, but we refuse to admit as guardians any who do not labour to obtain every possible evidence that there is respecting the Gods; our city is forbidden and not allowed to choose as a guardian of the law, or to place in the select order of virtue, him who is not an inspired man, and has not laboured at these things.

Julius Caesar’s Municipality Law- 44 BCE

The magistrate, before whom the declaration is made, which it is proper for anyone to make as per with this law, shall provide that each person's name, the things which he has declared, and the day on which he has declared them shall be entered in the public records and that all these entries shall be accurately copied on a tablet on the bulletin board in the Forum. Whenever and wherever grain is distributed to the people he shall keep this list displayed daily, for the greater part of each day, where it can be easily read from the ground level.

Emperor K’ang Hsi: The Sacred Edicts (1670)

In 1670, when the K'ang Hsi emperor was sixteen years old, he issued a list of sixteen principles that briefly illustrate how he expected his subjects to conduct themselves in order to ensure their goodness, happiness and prosperity. These so_called "Sacred Edicts" were to be read aloud twice a month in every village and town of the empire. Both the literati and the common people were expected to attend these lectures. The practice of "expounding the Sacred Edicts" was still in use after 1900, yet it was observed that only those that had to attend would be present.

Law of the Twelve Tables-[451-450 BCE]

The enactment of the Twelve Tables was preceded by a period of discontent and even active agitation, and the relations of the two parties were still in a sort of ferment, and incapable of satisfactory adjustment except by some constitutional reform of more than ordinary comprehensiveness... The first secession of the plebs seems to have been occasioned principally by financial distress.


It remains for us to speak of actions. And if we inquire how many kinds of actions there are, the better opinion seems to be that there are but two, real and personal; for those who say that there are four, and include such as arise from solemn agreements, do not perceive that some kinds of actions are subdivided into others.

Roman Law

Roman law is the law that was valid in the city of Rome in ancient time and later in the Roman Empire. After the end of Roman rule in Europe, in modification, it applied and not completely abandoned.

Ancient Laws

The Code of Manu ( Manu Samhita) Code of Hammurabi  The Athenian Constitution By Aristotle Roman Law  The Law of Justinian (Institution, Codex, and Digest)   Manu Samhita [Sanskrit- Devanagari Script] Read more: Ancient Laws

Law By Hammurabi (1792 to 1749 BCE)

The Code of Hammurabi was based on a set of previously recorded and observed Sumerian laws, of which the Code of Dungi may have been one. However, Dungi's code is mentioned only sparsely in ancient history texts, and many do not even find it important enough to mention at all. Also, there seems to be some disparity of dates. While once source gives the dates of Dungi's Code as about three centuries before Hammurabi's, this same date is also attributed to the Ur-Nammu Code of Law, i.e. approx. 2050-2100 B.C E , which many sources state is the earliest known written code of law in the world, and is the one most often credited as being the source of the Code of Hammurabi.