Every-Day Life of Indian Women – Richard Carnac Temple (1888)

An Indian woman's happiness in life immensely depends on her becoming the mother of a son. This at once raises her in the family estimation, which is all in all to her; insures her against the greatest bitterness of widowhood, in case that befall her; and procures her domestic authority should she survive to mature years under coverture.

Woman’s Position According to the Bible Annie Besant 1885

Until lately, the Bible theory that a woman was her husband's chattel was also carried out by law, and she forfeited on marriage all she possessed and became incapable of holding property. The more civilised view of woman as an individual has, however, now in matters of property become incorporated into the law, and the wife is no longer in the position of a minor.


For the purposes of the present Convention, the term "discrimination against women" shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women New York, 18 December 1979

On 18 December 1979, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It entered into force as an international treaty on 3 September 1981 after the twentieth country had ratified it. By the tenth anniversary of the Convention in 1989, almost one hundred nations have agreed to be bound by its provisions.

স্ত্রীলোকের বাহিরে গমন – প্যারীচাঁদ মিত্র

 ঋগ্বেদে প্রকাশ হইতেছে যে, স্ত্রীলোকেরা সালঙ্কৃত হইয়া উৎসব ও বিদ্যানুরঞ্জন সভাতে গমন করিতেন। মহাবীর চরিতে লিখিত আছে যে, ঋষি কন্যা ও পত্নী সকল, পিতা ও স্বামীর সহিত ভোজে ও যজ্ঞে গমন করিতেন। মনুসংহিতা পাঠে স্পষ্ট বোধ হয় যে, স্ত্রীলোকেরা নাট্যশালায়…

Gayatri Devi Pansari Versus State of Orissa and others – 11/04/2000

The Policy of the State Government, indisputably being to provide 30% of the 24 hours Medical Stores within a District in favour of ladies by virtue of specific orders passed, therefore, that would itself provide sufficient and valid as well as legal basis for extending preference in favour of a lady applicant as long as the ceiling limit is not violated.