MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION
New Delhi, the 5th May, 2016
University Grants Commission (Minimum Standards and Procedure for Award of M.PHIL./PH.D Degrees) Regulations, 2016
In supersession of the UGC (Minimum Standards and Procedure for Awards of M.Phil./Ph.D. Degree) Regulation, 2009, notified in The Gazette of India [No. 28, Part III- Section 4] for the week July 11-July 17, 2009
No. F. 1-2/2009(EC/PS)V(I) Vol. II – In exercise of the powers conferred by clauses (f) and (g) of sub-section (1) of Section 26 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (3 of 1956), and in supersession of the UGC (Minimum Standards and Procedure for Awards of M.Phil./Ph.D. Degree) Regulation, 2009, notified in The Gazette of India [No. 28, Part III-Section 4] for the week July 11 — July 17, 2009, the University Grants Commission hereby makes the following Regulations, namely:-
1. Short title, Application and Commencement:
1.1 These Regulations may be called University Grants Commission (Minimum Standards and Procedure
for Award of M.Phil./Ph.D. Degrees) Regulations, 2016.
1.2 They shall apply to every University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, a Provincial
Act, or a State Act , every affiliated college, and every Institution Deemed to be a University under
Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956.
1.3 They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Gazette of India.
2. Eligibility criteria for admission to the M.Phil. programme:
2.1 Candidates for admission to the M.Phil. programme shall have a Master’s degree or a professional
degree declared equivalent to the Master’s degree by the corresponding statutory regulatory body, with
at least 55% marks in aggregate or its equivalent grade ‘B’ in the UGC 7-point scale (or an equivalent
grade in a point scale wherever grading system is followed) or an equivalent degree from a foreign
educational Institution accredited by an Assessment and Accreditation Agency which is approved,
recognized or authorized by an authority, established or incorporated under a law in its home country
or any other statutory authority in that country for the purpose of assessing, accrediting or assuring
quality and standards of educational institutions.
2.2 A relaxation of 5% of marks, from 55% to 50%, or an equivalent relaxation of grade, may be allowed
for those belonging to SC/ST/OBC(non-creamy layer)/Differently-Abled and other categories of
candidates as per the decision of the Commission from time to time, or for those who had obtained
their Master’s degree prior to 19th September, 1991. The eligibility marks of 55% (or an equivalent
grade in a point scale wherever grading system is followed) and the relaxation of 5% to the categories
mentioned above are permissible based only on the qualifying marks without including the grace
3. Eligibility criteria for admission to Ph.D.programme:
Subject to the conditions stipulated in these Regulations, the following persons are eligible to seek admission to
the Ph.D. programme:
3.1 Master’s Degree holders satisfying the criteria stipulated under Clause 2 above.
3.2 Candidates who have cleared the M.Phil. course work with at least 55% marks in aggregate or its
equivalent grade ‘B’ in the UGC 7-point scale (or an equivalent grade in a point scale wherever grading
system is followed) and successfully completing the M.Phil. Degree shall be eligible to proceed to do
research work leading to the Ph. D. Degree in the same Institution in an integrated programme. A
relaxation of 5% of marks, from 55% to 50%, or an equivalent relaxation of grade, may be allowed for
those belonging to SC/ST/OBC(non-creamy layer)/differently-abled and other categories of candidates
as per the decision of the Commission from time to time.
3.3 A person whose M.Phil. dissertation has been evaluated and the viva voce is pending may be admitted
to the Ph.D. programme of the same Institution;
3.4 Candidates possessing a Degree considered equivalent to M.Phil. Degree of an Indian Institution, from a Foreign Educational Institution accredited by an Assessment and Accreditation Agency which is approved, recognized or authorized by an authority, established or incorporated under a law in its home country or any other statutory authority in that country for the purpose of assessing, accrediting or assuring quality and standards of educational institutions, shall be eligible for admission to Ph.D. programme.
4. Duration of the Programme:
4.1 M.Phil. programme shall be for a minimum duration of two (2) consecutive semesters / one year and a
maximum of four (4) consecutive semesters / two years.
4.2 Ph.D. programme shall be for a minimum duration of three years, including course work and a
maximum of six years.
4.3 Extension beyond the above limits will be governed by the relevant clauses as stipulated in the
Statute/Ordinance of the individual Institution concerned.
4.4 The women candidates and Persons with Disability (more than 40% disability) may be allowed a
relaxation of one year for M.Phil and two years for Ph.D. in the maximum duration. In addition, the
women candidates may be provided Maternity Leave/Child Care Leave once in the entire duration of
M.Phil/Ph.D. for up to 240 days.
5. Procedure for admission:
5.1 All Universities and Institutions Deemed to be Universities shall admit M.Phil/Ph.D. students through an Entrance Test conducted at the level of Individual University/Institution Deemed to be a University. The University/Institution Deemed to be a University may decide separate terms and conditions for Ph.D. Entrance Test for those students who qualify UGC-NET (including JRF)/UGC-CSIR NET (including JRF)/SLET/GATE/teacher fellowship holder or have passed M.Phil programme. Similar approach may be adopted in respect of Entrance Test for M.Phil programme.
5.2 Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) referred to in sub-clause 1.2 above and Colleges under
them which are allowed to conduct M.Phil. and/or Ph.D. programmes, shall:
5.2.1 decide on an annual basis through their academic bodies a predetermined and
manageable number of M.Phil. and/or Ph.D. scholars to be admitted depending on
the number of available Research Supervisors and other academic and physical
facilities available, keeping in mind the norms regarding the scholar- teacher ratio (as
indicated in Para 6.5), laboratory, library and such other facilities;
5.2.2 notify well in advance in the institutional website and through advertisement in at
least two (2) national newspapers, of which at least one (1) shall be in the regional
language, the number of seats for admission, subject/discipline-wise distribution of
available seats, criteria for admission, procedure for admission, examination centre(s)
where entrance test(s) shall be conducted and all other relevant information for the
benefit of the candidates;
5.2.3 adhere to the National/State-level reservation policy, as applicable.
5.3 The admission shall be based on the criteria notified by the Institution, keeping in view the
guidelines/norms in this regard issued by the UGC and other statutory bodies concerned, and
taking into account the reservation policy of the Central/State Government from time to time.
5.4 HEIs as mentioned in Clause 1.2 shall admit candidates by a two stage process through:
5.4.1 An Entrance Test shall be qualifying with qualifying marks as 50%. The syllabus of
the Entrance Test shall consist of 50% of research methodology and 50% shall be
subject specific. The Entrance Test shall be conducted at the Centre(s) notified in
advance (changes of Centres, if any, also to be notified well in advance) at the level
of the individual HEI as mentioned in clause 1.2; and
5.4.2 An interview/viva-voce to be organized by the HEI as mentioned in clause 1.2 when
the candidates are required to discuss their research interest/area through a
presentation before a duly constituted Department Research Committee.
5.5 The interview/viva voce shall also consider the following aspects, viz. whether:
5.5.1 the candidate possesses the competence for the proposed research;
5.5.2 the research work can be suitably undertaken at the Institution/College;
5.5.3 the proposed area of research can contribute to new/additional knowledge.
5.6 The University shall maintain the list of all the M.Phil. / Ph.D. registered students on its
website on year-wise basis. The list shall include the name of the registered candidate, topic of
his/her research, name of his/her supervisor/co-supervisor, date of enrolment/registration.
6. Allocation of Research Supervisor: Eligibility criteria to be a Research Supervisor, Co- Supervisor, Number of M.Phil./Ph.D. scholars permissible per Supervisor, etc.
6.1 Any regular Professor of the University/Institution Deemed to be a University/College with at least five
research publications in refereed journals and any regular Associate/Assistant Professor of the
university/institution deemed to be a university/college with a Ph.D. degree and at least two research
publications in refereed journals may be recognized as Research Supervisor.
Provided that in areas/disciplines where there is no or only a limited number of refereed journals, the
Institution may relax the above condition for recognition of a person as Research Supervisor with
reasons recorded in writing.
6.2 Only a full time regular teacher of the concerned University/Institution Deemed to be a
University/College can act as a supervisor. The external supervisors are not allowed. However, CoSupervisor
can be allowed in inter-disciplinary areas from other departments of the same institute or
from other related institutions with the approval of the Research Advisory Committee.
6.3 The allocation of Research Supervisor for a selected research scholar shall be decided by the
Department concerned depending on the number of scholars per Research Supervisor, the available
specialization among the Supervisors and research interests of the scholars as indicated by them at the
time of interview/viva voce.
6.4 In case of topics which are of inter-disciplinary nature where the Department concerned feels that the
expertise in the Department has to be supplemented from outside, the Department may appoint a
Research Supervisor from the Department itself, who shall be known as the Research Supervisor, and a
Co-Supervisor from outside the Department/ Faculty/College/Institution on such terms and conditions
as may be specified and agreed upon by the consenting Institutions/Colleges.
6.5 A Research Supervisor/Co-supervisor who is a Professor, at any given point of time, cannot guide more
than three (3)M.Phil. and Eight (8) Ph.D. scholars. An Associate Professor as Research Supervisor can
guide up to a maximum of two (2) M.Phil. and six (6) Ph.D. scholars and an Assistant Professor as
Research Supervisor can guide up to a maximum of one (1) M.Phil. and four (4) Ph.D. scholars.
6.6 In case of relocation of an M.Phil/Ph.D. woman scholar due to marriage or otherwise, the research data
shall be allowed to be transferred to the University to which the scholar intends to relocate provided all
the other conditions in these regulations are followed in letter and spirit and the research work does not
pertain to the project secured by the parent institution/ supervisor from any funding agency. The
scholar will however give due credit to the parent guide and the institution for the part of research
7. Course Work: Credit Requirements, number, duration, syllabus, minimum standards for completion, etc.
7.1 The credit assigned to the M.Phil. or Ph.D. course work shall be a minimum of 08 credits and a maximum of 16 credits.
7.2 The course work shall be treated as prerequisite for M.Phil./Ph.D. preparation. A minimum of four
credits shall be assigned to one or more courses on Research Methodology which could cover areas
such as quantitative methods, computer applications, research ethics and review of published research
in the relevant field, training, field work, etc. Other courses shall be advanced level courses preparing
the students for M.Phil./Ph.D. degree.
7.3 All courses prescribed for M.Phil. and Ph.D. course work shall be in conformity with the credit hour
instructional requirement and shall specify content, instructional and assessment methods. They shall
be duly approved by the authorized academic bodies.
7.4 The Department where the scholar pursues his/her research shall prescribe the course(s) to him/her
based on the recommendations of the Research Advisory Committee, as stipulated under sub-Clause
8.1 below, of the research scholar.
7.5 All candidates admitted to the M.Phil. and Ph.D. programmes shall be required to complete the course
work prescribed by the Department during the initial one or two semesters.
7.6 Candidates already holding M. Phil. degree and admitted to the Ph.D. programme, or those who have
already completed the course work in M.Phil. and have been permitted to proceed to the Ph.D. in
integrated course, may be exempted by the Department from the Ph.D. course work. All other
candidates admitted to the Ph.D. programme shall be required to complete the Ph.D. course work
prescribed by the Department.
7.7 Grades in the course work, including research methodology courses shall be finalized after a combined
assessment by the Research Advisory Committee and the Department and the final grades shall be
communicated to the Institution/College.
7.8 A M.Phil./Ph.D. scholar has to obtain a minimum of 55% of marks or its equivalent grade in the UGC
7-point scale (or an equivalent grade/CGPA in a point scale wherever grading system is followed) in the course work in order to be eligible to continue in the programme and submit the dissertation/thesis.
8. Research Advisory Committee and its functions:
8.1 There shall be a Research Advisory Committee, or an equivalent body for similar purpose as defined in the Statutes/Ordinances of the Institution concerned, for each M.Phil. and Ph.D. scholar. The Research Supervisor of the scholar shall be the Convener of this Committee. This Committee shall have the following responsibilities:
8.1.1 To review the research proposal and finalize the topic of research;
8.1.2 To guide the research scholar to develop the study design and methodology of research and
identify the course(s) that he/she may have to do.
8.1.3 To periodically review and assist in the progress of the research work of the research scholar.
8.2 A research scholar shall appear before the Research Advisory Committee once in six months to make a
presentation of the progress of his/her work for evaluation and further guidance. The six monthly
progress reports shall be submitted by the Research Advisory Committee to the Institution/College with
a copy to the research scholar.
8.3 In case the progress of the research scholar is unsatisfactory, the Research Advisory Committee shall
record the reasons for the same and suggest corrective measures. If the research scholar fails to
implement these corrective measures, the Research Advisory Committee may recommend to the
Institution/College with specific reasons for cancellation of the registration of the research scholar.
9. Evaluation and Assessment Methods, minimum standards/credits for award of the degree, etc.:
9.1 The overall minimum credit requirement, including credit for the course work, for the award of M.Phil. degree shall not be less than 24 credits.
9.2 Upon satisfactory completion of course work, and obtaining the marks/grade prescribed in sub-clauses
7.8 above, as the case may be, the M.Phil./Ph.D. scholar shall be required to undertake research work and produce a draft dissertation/thesis within a reasonable time, as stipulated by the Institution concerned based on these Regulations.
9.3 Prior to the submission of the dissertation/thesis, the scholar shall make a presentation in the Department before the Research Advisory Committee of the Institution concerned which shall also be open to all faculty members and other research scholars. The feedback and comments obtained from them may be suitably incorporated into the draft dissertation/thesis in consultation with the Research Advisory Committee.
9.4 M.Phil scholars shall present at least one (1) research paper in a conference/seminar and Ph.D. scholars must publish at least one (1) research paper in refereed journal and make two paper presentations in conferences/seminars before the submission of the dissertation/thesis for adjudication, and produce evidence for the same in the form of presentation certificates and/or reprints.
9.5 The Academic Council (or its equivalent body) of the Institution shall evolve a mechanism using well developed software and gadgets to detect plagiarism and other forms of academic dishonesty. While submitting for evaluation, the dissertation/thesis shall have an undertaking from the research scholar and a certificate from the Research Supervisor attesting to the originality of the work, vouching that there is no plagiarism and that the work has not been submitted for the award of any other degree/diploma of the same Institution where the work was carried out, or to any other Institution.
9.6 The M.Phil. dissertation submitted by a research scholar shall be evaluated by his/her Research Supervisor and at least one external examiner who is not in the employment of the Institution/College.
The viva-voce examination, based among other things, on the critiques given in the evaluation report, shall be conducted by both of them together, and shall be open to be attended by Members of the Research Advisory Committee, all faculty members of the Department, other research scholars and other interested experts/ researchers.
9.7 The Ph.D. thesis submitted by a research scholar shall be evaluated by his/her Research Supervisor and at least two external examiners, who are not in employment of the Institution/College, of whom one examiner may be from outside the country. The viva-voce examination, based among other things, on the critiques given in the evaluation report, shall be conducted by the Research Supervisor and at least one of the two external examiners, and shall be open to be attended by Members of the Research Advisory Committee, all faculty members of the Department, other research scholars and other interested experts/researchers.
9.8 The public viva-voce of the research scholar to defend the dissertation/thesis shall be conducted only if
the evaluation report(s) of the external examiner(s) on the dissertation/thesis is/are satisfactory and
include a specific recommendation for conducting the viva-voce examination. If the evaluation report
of the external examiner in case of M.Phil. dissertation, or one of the evaluation reports of the external
examiner in case of Ph.D. thesis, is unsatisfactory and does not recommend viva-voce, the Institution
shall send the dissertation/ thesis to another external examiner out of the approved panel of examiners
and the viva-voce examination shall be held only if the report of the latest examiner is satisfactory. If
the report of the latest examiner is also unsatisfactory, the dissertation/ thesis shall be rejected and the
research scholar shall be declared ineligible for the award of the degree.
9.9 The Institutions shall develop appropriate methods so as to complete the entire process of evaluation of
M.Phil. dissertation/ Ph.D. thesis within a period of six months from the date of submission of the
10. Academic, administrative and infrastructure requirement to be fulfilled by Colleges for getting recognition for offering M.Phil./Ph.D. programmes:
10.1 Colleges may be considered eligible to offer M.Phil./Ph .D programmes only if they satisfy the availability of eligible Research Supervisors, required infrastructure and supporting administrative and research promotion facilities as per these Regulations.
10.2 Post-graduate Departments of Colleges, Research laboratories of Government of India/State Government with at least two Ph.D. qualified teachers/scientists/other academic staff in the Department concerned along with required infrastructure, supporting administrative and research promotion facilities as per these Regulations, stipulated under sub-clause 10.3, shall be considered eligible to offer M.Phil./Ph.D. programmes. Colleges should additionally have the necessary recognition by the Institution under which they operate to offer M.Phil/Ph.D. programme.
10.3 Colleges with adequate facilities for research as mentioned below alone shall offer M.Phil./Ph. D. programmes:
10.3.1 In case of science and technology disciplines, exclusive research laboratories with
sophisticated equipment as specified by the Institution concerned with provision for adequate space per research scholar along with computer facilities and essential software, and uninterrupted power and water supply;
10.3.2 Earmarked library resources including latest books, Indian and International journals, ejournals, extended working hours for all disciplines, adequate space for research scholars in the Department/ library for reading, writing and storing study and research materials;
10.3.3 Colleges may also access the required facilities of the neighbouring Institutions/Colleges, or of those Institutions/Colleges/R&D laboratories/Organizations which have the required facilities.
11. Treatment of Ph.D / M.Phil. through Distance Mode/Part-time:
11.1 Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations or any other Rule or Regulation, for the time being in force, no University; Institution, Deemed to be a University and College shall conduct M.Phil. and Ph.D. Programmes through distance education mode.
11.2 Part-time Ph.D will be allowed provided all the conditions mentioned in the extant Ph.D Regulations are met.
12. Award of M.Phil./Ph.D. degrees prior to Notification of these Regulations, or degrees awarded by foreign Universities:
12.1 Award of degrees to candidates registered for the M.Phil./Ph.D. programme on or after July 11, 2009 till the date of Notification of these Regulations shall be governed by the provisions of the UGC (Minimum Standards and procedure for Awards of M.Phil/Ph.D Degree) Regulation, 2009.
12.2 If the M.Phil./Ph.D. degree is awarded by a Foreign University, the Indian Institution considering such a degree shall refer the issue to a Standing Committee constituted by the concerned institution for the purpose of determining the equivalence of the degree awarded by the foreign University.
13. Depository with INFLIBNET:
13.1 Following the successful completion of the evaluation process and before the announcement of the award of the M.Phil./Ph.D. degree(s), the Institution concerned shall submit an electronic copy of the M.Phil. dissertation /Ph. D. thesis to the INFLIBNET, for hosting the same so as to make it accessible to all Institutions/Colleges.
13.2 Prior to the actual award of the degree, the degree-awarding Institution shall issue a provisional Certificate to the effect that the Degree has been awarded in accordance with the provisions of these UGC Regulations, 2016.
Prof. JASPAL S. SANDHU, Secy.