Aircraft (Investigation of Accidents and Incidents) Rules, 2012
Mandatory incident reporting system—(1) The Director- General of Civil Aviation shall establish a mandatory incident reporting system to facilitate collection of information on actual or potential safely deficiencies.
(2) * * *
(3) The Director-General shall immediately notify the Bureau about the accidents and incidents containing information as specified in sub-rule (2) of rule 4.
(4) Any accident or incident shall be notified to the Bureau and the Director-General not later than twenty four hours of such accident or incident, in the most suitable and quickest manner by the service providers and stakeholders specified below:-
(a) the operator and the commander of an aircraft which has a certificate of airworthiness issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation;
(b) the operator and the commander of a foreign aircraft operating to, from or through India;
(c) a person who carries on the business of maintaining or modifying an aircraft, which has a certificate of airworthiness issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, and a person who carries on the business of maintaining or modifying any equipment or part of such an aircraft;
(d) a person who carries on the business of manufacturing an aircraft or any equipment or part of such an aircraft, in India;
(e) a person who signs a certificate of release to service for an aircraft, which has a certificate of airworthiness issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, and a person “who signs a certificate of release to service for any equipment or part of such an aircraft;
(f) a licensee or manager of a licensed aerodrome or a manager of an airport;
(g) a person who performs a function as an air traffic controller;
(h) the organisation which provides Air Navigation Services;
(i) a person who performs a function concerning the installation, modification, maintenance, repair, overhaul, flight-checking or inspection of air navigation facilities which are utilized by a person who provides all air traffic control service; and
(j) a person who performs a function concerning the ground-handing of aircraft including fuelling servicing load-sheet preparation loading deicing and towing at an airport.
1. Serious incident means an incident involving circumstances indicating that there was a high probability of an accident and associated with the operation of an aircraft which, in the case of a manned aircraft, takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all such persons have disembarked or in the case of an unmanned aircraft, takes place between the time the aircraft is ready to move with the purpose of flight until such time as it comes to rest at the end of the flight and the primary propulsion system is shut down.
2—The incidents listed are typical examples of incidents that are likely to be serious incidents. The list is not exhaustive and only serves as guidance to the definition of serious Incident.
(a) Near collisions requiring an avoidance manoeuvre to avoid a collision or an unsafe situation or when an avoidance action would have been appropriate.
(aa) Collisions not classified as accidents.
(b) Controlled flight into terrain only marginally avoided.
(c) Aborted take-offs on a closed or engaged runway, on a taxiway (Excluding authroized operations by helicopters) or unassigned runway.
(d) Take-offs from a closed or engaged runway, from a taxiway (Excluding authorized operations) or unassigned runway.
(e) Landings or attempted landings on a Closed or engaged runway, on a taxiway or unassigned runway.
(f) Gross failures to achieve predicted performance during take-off or initial climb.
(g) Fires or smoke in the cockpit, in the passenger compartment, in cargo compartments or engine fires, even though such fires were extinguished by the use of extinguishing agents.
(h) Events requiring the emergency use of oxygen by the flight crew.
(i) Aircraft structural failures or engine disintegration, including un-contained turbine engine failures, not classified as an accident.
(j) Multiple malfunctions of one or more aircraft systems seriously affecting the operation of the aircraft.
(k) Flight crew incapacitation in flight
(l) Fuel quantity level or distribution situations requiring the declaration of an emergency by the pilot, such as insufficient fuel, fuel exhaustion, fuel starvation, or inability to use all usable fuel on board.
(m) Runway incursions classified with severity A. The Manual on the Prevention of Runway Incursions (Doc 9870) contains information on the severity classifications.
(n) Take-off or landing incidents Incidents such as under-shooting, overrunning or running off the side of runways.
(o) System failures, weather phenomena, operations outside the approved flight envelope or other occurrences which caused or could have caused difficulties controlling the aircraft.
(p) Failures of more than one system in a redundancy system mandatory for flight guidance and navigation,
(q) The unintentional or, as an emergency measure, the intentional release of a slung load or any other load carried external to the aircraft.