Whether the award could be set aside, if the Arbitral Tribunal has not followed the mandatory procedure prescribed under S. 24, 28 or 31(3), which affects the rights of the parties?

Under sub-section (1)(a) of S. 28 there is a mandate to the Arbitral Tribunal to decide the dispute in accordance with the substantive law for the time being in force in India. Admittedly, substantive law would include the Indian Contract Act, the Transfer of Property Act and other such laws in force. Suppose, if the award is passed in violation of the provisions of the … Continue reading Whether the award could be set aside, if the Arbitral Tribunal has not followed the mandatory procedure prescribed under S. 24, 28 or 31(3), which affects the rights of the parties?

Form and contents of arbitral award Under Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996

31. Form and contents of arbitral award.— (1)An arbitral award shall be made in writing and shall be signed by the members of the arbitral tribunal. (2)For the purposes of sub-section (1), in arbitral proceedings with more than one arbitrator, the signatures of the majority of all the members of the arbitral tribunal shall be sufficient so long as the reason for any omitted signature is … Continue reading Form and contents of arbitral award Under Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996

Whether the Award of the Arbitrator tantamounts to a Decree or not, Yes, an Award has to be enforced under the Code of Civil Procedure in the same manner as it were a Decree of the Court.

(SUPREME COURT OF INDIA) in Leela Hotels Ltd. Versus Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd. (2011) 12 SCALE 573 18. It was next submitted by the learned ASG that analogy of a post-decretal payment cannot be applied to an Arbitration Award under the 1996 Act for the simple reason that the Arbitration Award under the 1996 Act does not attain the status or character of a Decree within the … Continue reading Whether the Award of the Arbitrator tantamounts to a Decree or not, Yes, an Award has to be enforced under the Code of Civil Procedure in the same manner as it were a Decree of the Court.

Setting aside an Arbitral Award in India

The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 34. Application for setting aside arbitral award. (1)Recourse to a Court against an arbitral award may be made only by an application for setting aside such award in accordance with sub-section (2) and sub-section (3). (2)An arbitral award may be set aside by the Court only if— (a)the party making the application furnishes proof that— (i)a party was under … Continue reading Setting aside an Arbitral Award in India

A Civil Court examining the validity of an arbitral award under Section 34 of the AC Act exercises supervisory and not appellate jurisdiction over the awards of an arbitral tribunal.

A Civil Court examining the validity of an arbitral award under Section 34 of the Act exercises supervisory and not appellate jurisdiction over the awards of an arbitral tribunal. A court can set aside an arbitral award, only if any of the grounds mentioned in Sections 34(2)(a)(i) to (v) or Section 34(2)(b)(i) and (ii), or Section 28(1)(a) or 28(3) read with Section 34(2)(b)(ii) of the … Continue reading A Civil Court examining the validity of an arbitral award under Section 34 of the AC Act exercises supervisory and not appellate jurisdiction over the awards of an arbitral tribunal.

AFCONs Infrastructure Ltd. and AnOTHER Vs Cherian Varkey Construction Co. (P) Ltd. and OTHERS [ALL SC 2010 JULY ]

KEYWORDS: Alternative Dispute Resolution- Arbitration HELD:- A civil court exercising power under Section 89 CPC cannot refer a suit to arbitration unless all the parties to the suit agree to such reference. If the reference is to arbitration or conciliation, the court has to record that the reference is by mutual consent. If the reference is to any other non-adjudicatory ADR process, the court should briefly record the same. … Continue reading AFCONs Infrastructure Ltd. and AnOTHER Vs Cherian Varkey Construction Co. (P) Ltd. and OTHERS [ALL SC 2010 JULY ]

Union of India Vs. Hardy Exploration and Production (India) Inc.[ALL SC 2018 MAY]

KEYWORDS:-“seat” and “venue” for holding arbitration proceedings DATE:-May 01, 2018 The case referred to a larger bench- QUESTION POSED :-When the arbitration agreement specify the “venue” for holding the arbitration sittings by the arbitrators but does not specify the “seat”, then on what basis and by which principle, the parties have to decide the place of “seat” which has a material bearing for determining the … Continue reading Union of India Vs. Hardy Exploration and Production (India) Inc.[ALL SC 2018 MAY]

Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd. Vs. M/s. Datar Switchgear Ltd. & Ors.[SC 2018 JANUARY]

KEYWORDS:- Constitution of an Arbitral Tribunal-DELAY- DATE: JANUARY 18, 2018- Arbitration petition filed under Section 34 of the Act was sought to be amended after a delay of eight years. Further, the amendment in the appeal, taking those very grounds on which amendment in the arbitration petition was sought, was sought after a delay of 3 1/2 years. The High Court, thus, rightly rejected these summons. … Continue reading Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd. Vs. M/s. Datar Switchgear Ltd. & Ors.[SC 2018 JANUARY]

Union of India Vs. M/s. Susaka Pvt. Ltd. & Ors.[ SC 2017 DECEMBER]

KEYWORDS:-  Jurisdiction of the Arbitral Tribunal- December 08, 2017- It is a well-settled principle in Arbitration Law that the award of an Arbitral Tribunal once passed is binding on the parties. The reason being that the parties having chosen their own Arbitrator and given him an authority to decide the specific disputes arising between them must respect his decision as far as possible and should … Continue reading Union of India Vs. M/s. Susaka Pvt. Ltd. & Ors.[ SC 2017 DECEMBER]