Acquisition Of Citizenship in India

Citizenship Under the Constitution of India 1950

Part 2

5. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution

At the commencement of this Constitution every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and-

(a) who was born in the territory of India; or

(b) either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or

(c) who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

6. Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan

Notwithstanding anything in article 5, a person who has migrated to the territory of India from the territory now included in Pakistan shall be deemed to be a citizen of India at the commencement of this Constitution if-
(a) he or either of his parents or any of his grand-parents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted); and

(b)(i) in the case where such person has so migrated before the nineteenth day of July, 1948, he has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India since the date of his migration, or

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नागरिकता (संशोधन) अधिनियम २०१ ९

नागरिकता अधिनियम, 1955 में संशोधन करने के लिए एक अधिनियम।

इसे भारतीय गणतंत्र के सातवें वर्ष में संसद द्वारा अधिनियमित किया गया है: –

1. लघु शीर्षक और प्रारंभ

 (१) इस अधिनियम को नागरिकता (संशोधन) अधिनियम, २०१ ९ कहा जा सकता है।

(2) यह केंद्र सरकार के राजपत्र में अधिसूचना द्वारा नियुक्त हो सकती है, ऐसी तिथि पर लागू होगी।

2. धारा 2 का संशोधन

नागरिकता अधिनियम, 1955 (1955 का 57) में (इसके बाद प्रमुख अधिनियम के रूप में संदर्भित), धारा 2 में, उप-धारा (1) में, खंड (बी) में, निम्नलिखित अनंतिम सम्मिलित किया जाएगा, अर्थात् –

“बशर्ते कि अफगानिस्तान, बांग्लादेश या पाकिस्तान से हिंदू, सिख, बौद्ध, जैन, पारसी या ईसाई समुदाय से संबंधित कोई भी व्यक्ति, जो दिसंबर, 2014 के 31 वें दिन या उससे पहले भारत में प्रवेश कर गया हो और जिसे केंद्र सरकार द्वारा छूट दी गई हो या पासपोर्ट (भारत में प्रवेश) अधिनियम, 1920 (1920 का 34) अधिनियम की धारा 3 की उपधारा (2) के तहत या विदेशियों अधिनियम, 1946 (1946 का 31) के प्रावधानों के आवेदन से या इस पर बनाए गए किसी भी नियम या आदेश को इस अधिनियम के प्रयोजनों के लिए अवैध प्रवासी नहीं माना जाएगा। ”

3. नए खंड 6B का सम्मिलन

प्रिंसिपल एक्ट की धारा 6 ए के बाद, निम्न अनुभाग डाला जाएगा, अर्थात्: –

‘6B। धारा 2 की उपधारा (1) के खंड (बी) में अनंतिम द्वारा कवर किए गए व्यक्ति की नागरिकता के लिए विशेष प्रावधान

(1) केंद्र सरकार या इसके द्वारा निर्दिष्ट एक प्राधिकरण, इस तरह की शर्तों, प्रतिबंधों और तरीके के अधीन निर्धारित किया जा सकता है, इस संबंध में किए गए एक आवेदन पर, किसी व्यक्ति को पंजीकरण या प्रमाण पत्र का प्रमाण पत्र प्रदान करता है। धारा 2 की उपधारा (1) के खंड (बी) के लिए अनंतिम में निर्दिष्ट।

(2) धारा 5 में निर्दिष्ट शर्तों की पूर्ति या तीसरी अनुसूची के प्रावधानों के तहत प्राकृतिककरण की योग्यता के अधीन, किसी व्यक्ति ने उप-धारा (1) के तहत पंजीकरण के प्रमाण पत्र या प्राकृतिककरण के प्रमाण पत्र को मंजूरी दे दी है भारत में प्रवेश करने की तारीख से भारत का नागरिक।

(३) नागरिकता (संशोधन) अधिनियम, २०१ ९ के प्रारंभ होने की तिथि से, इस धारा के तहत किसी व्यक्ति के खिलाफ अवैध प्रवास या नागरिकता के संबंध में कोई भी कार्यवाही लंबित है, उसे नागरिकता प्रदान करने पर रोक लगाई जाएगी:

बशर्ते कि ऐसे व्यक्ति को इस आधार पर नागरिकता के लिए आवेदन करने के लिए अयोग्य घोषित नहीं किया जाएगा कि उसके खिलाफ कार्यवाही लंबित है और इस संबंध में केंद्र सरकार या उसके द्वारा निर्दिष्ट प्राधिकरण उस आधार पर उसके आवेदन को अस्वीकार नहीं करेगा यदि वह अन्यथा है इस धारा के तहत नागरिकता देने के लिए योग्य पाया गया:

आगे कहा गया है कि जो व्यक्ति इस धारा के तहत नागरिकता के लिए आवेदन करता है, वह अपने अधिकारों और विशेषाधिकारों से वंचित नहीं किया जाएगा, जिसके लिए वह इस तरह के आवेदन करने की जमीन पर अपने आवेदन की प्राप्ति की तारीख पर हकदार था।

(४) इस खंड में कुछ भी असम, मेघालय, मिजोरम या त्रिपुरा के आदिवासी क्षेत्र पर लागू नहीं होगा, जैसा कि संविधान की छठी अनुसूची में शामिल है और बंगाल पूर्वी सीमा नियमन, १7373३ के तहत अधिसूचित “इनर लाइन” के तहत कवर किया गया क्षेत्र है। Reg। 5 of 1873.) ‘।

4. धारा 7D का संशोधन

मुख्य अधिनियम की धारा 7D में, –

(i) खंड (डी) के बाद, निम्नलिखित खंड को सम्मिलित किया जाएगा, अर्थात्: –

“(दा) ओवरसीज़ सिटीजन ऑफ इंडिया कार्डधारक ने इस अधिनियम के किसी भी प्रावधान या किसी अन्य कानून के प्रावधानों का उल्लंघन किया है, जो केंद्र सरकार द्वारा आधिकारिक राजपत्र में प्रकाशित अधिसूचना में निर्दिष्ट किया जा सकता है; या “;

(ii) क्लॉज (एफ) के बाद, निम्नलिखित अनंतिम सम्मिलित किया जाएगा, अर्थात्: –

“बशर्ते कि इस धारा के तहत कोई आदेश पारित नहीं किया जाएगा जब तक कि ओवरसीज सिटीजन ऑफ इंडिया कार्डधारक को सुनवाई के लिए उचित आदेश नहीं दिया गया है।”

5. धारा 18 का संशोधन

मुख्य अधिनियम की धारा 18 में, उपधारा (2) में, खंड (ईई) के बाद, निम्नलिखित खंड डाला जाएगा, अर्थात्: –

“(ईईई) धारा 6 बी की उपधारा (1) के तहत पंजीकरण या प्राकृतिककरण का प्रमाण पत्र देने के लिए शर्तें, प्रतिबंध और तरीके।”।

6. तीसरी अनुसूची का संशोधन

मुख्य अधिनियम की तीसरी अनुसूची में, खंड (घ) में, निम्नलिखित अनंतिम सम्मिलित किया जाएगा, अर्थात्: –

‘बशर्ते कि अफगानिस्तान, बांग्लादेश या पाकिस्तान में हिंदू, सिख, बौद्ध, जैन, पारसी या ईसाई समुदाय से संबंधित व्यक्ति के लिए भारत में निवास या सेवा की कुल अवधि इस खंड के तहत आवश्यक के रूप में पढ़ी जाएगी “कम पाँच साल से “ग्यारह वर्ष से कम नहीं” के स्थान पर।


 

নাগরিকত্ব (সংশোধন) আইন 2019

নাগরিকত্ব (সংশোধন) আইন, 2019

নাগরিকত্ব আইন, 1955 সংশোধন করার জন্য আরও একটি আইন

এটি ভারতীয় প্রজাতন্ত্রের সত্তরতম বছরে সংসদ দ্বারা আইন অনুযায়ী গৃহীত হোক: –

1. সংক্ষিপ্ত শিরোনাম এবং শুরু

 (1) এই আইনটিকে নাগরিকত্ব (সংশোধন) আইন, 2019 বলা যেতে পারে।

(২) কেন্দ্রীয় সরকার, সরকারী গেজেটে প্রজ্ঞাপন দ্বারা, নিয়োগ করিতে পারিবে, সেই তারিখে কার্যকর হইবে।

2. ধারা 2 সংশোধন

নাগরিকত্ব আইন, ১৯৫৫ (১৯৫৫ এর ৫ 57) (এরপরে মূল আইন হিসাবে চিহ্নিত), ধারা ২ তে, উপ-ধারা (১) এর ধারা (খ) এর মধ্যে নিম্নলিখিত বিধানাবলী প্রবেশ করানো হবে, যথা:

তবে শর্ত রয়েছে যে, হিন্দু, শিখ, বৌদ্ধ, জৈন, পার্সী বা আফগানিস্তান, বাংলাদেশ বা পাকিস্তানের খ্রিস্টান সম্প্রদায়ের কোনও ব্যক্তি, যিনি ২০১৪ সালের ৩১ শে ডিসেম্বর বা তার আগে ভারতে প্রবেশ করেছেন এবং যাকে কেন্দ্রীয় সরকার কর্তৃক অব্যাহতি দেওয়া হয়েছে বা পাসপোর্ট (ভারতে প্রবেশ) আইন, 1920 এর ধারা 3 (2) এর উপধারা (2) এর ধারা (গ) এর অধীনে বা বিদেশী আইন, 1946 (1946 সালের 31) এর বিধানগুলির প্রয়োগ থেকে বা এর অধীন প্রদত্ত যে কোনও বিধি বা আদেশ, এই আইনের উদ্দেশ্যে অবৈধ অভিবাসী হিসাবে গণ্য হইবে না; “;

3. নতুন বিভাগ 6 বি সন্নিবেশ।

প্রধান আইনের ধারা 6 এ এর ​​পরে নিম্নলিখিত বিভাগটি প্রবেশ করানো হবে, যথা:

‘6b। ধারা ২ এর উপ-ধারা (১) এর ধারা (বি) এর বিধানের অধীনে প্রদত্ত ব্যক্তির নাগরিকত্ব সম্পর্কিত বিশেষ বিধানসমূহ

(১) কেন্দ্রীয় সরকার বা এই পক্ষে এটি দ্বারা নির্ধারিত একটি কর্তৃপক্ষ এই পক্ষে প্রদত্ত একটি আবেদনে এই শর্ত, বিধিনিষেধ এবং নির্ধারিত পদ্ধতি সাপেক্ষে, কোনও ব্যক্তিকে নিবন্ধকরণের শংসাপত্র বা প্রাকৃতিকীকরণের শংসাপত্র প্রদান করতে পারে ধারা 2 এর উপ-ধারা (1) এর ধারা (বি) এর প্রোভিসোতে উল্লেখ করা হয়েছে।

(২) ৩ য় ধারায় উল্লিখিত শর্ত পূরণ বা তৃতীয় তফসিলের বিধানের অধীনে প্রাকৃতিককরণের যোগ্যতার সাপেক্ষে, উপ-ধারা (১) এর অধীনে নিবন্ধকরণের সনদ বা প্রাকৃতিকীকরণের শংসাপত্র মঞ্জুরকৃত কোন ব্যক্তি হিসাবে বিবেচিত হইবে ভারতে প্রবেশের তারিখ থেকে ভারতের নাগরিক।

(৩) নাগরিকত্ব (সংশোধন) আইন, ২০১৮ শুরু হওয়ার তারিখ থেকে এবং অবধি, এই ধারার অধীনে কোনও ব্যক্তির বিরুদ্ধে অবৈধভাবে হিজরত বা নাগরিকত্বের বিষয়ে বিচারাধীন যে কোন কার্যনির্বাহী তাকে নাগরিকত্ব প্রদানের ক্ষেত্রে স্থগিত থাকবে:

তবে শর্ত থাকে যে এই ব্যক্তিকে এই ধারার অধীনে নাগরিকত্বের জন্য আবেদন করার জন্য অযোগ্য ঘোষণা করা হবে না এই কারণে যে তার বিরুদ্ধে যে কার্যক্রমটি বিচারাধীন রয়েছে এবং কেন্দ্রীয় সরকার বা এই পক্ষের দ্বারা নির্ধারিত কর্তৃপক্ষ সে ভিত্তিতে তার আবেদন প্রত্যাখ্যান করবে না যদি তিনি অন্যথায় থাকেন তবে এই বিভাগের অধীনে নাগরিকত্ব প্রদানের জন্য যোগ্য বলে প্রমাণিত হয়েছে:

আরও প্রদত্ত যে যে ব্যক্তি এই ধারার অধীনে নাগরিকত্বের জন্য আবেদন করেন তিনি তার অধিকার এবং সুযোগগুলি থেকে বঞ্চিত হবেন না যার জন্য তিনি এই জাতীয় আবেদন করার ভিত্তিতে তার আবেদন পাওয়ার তারিখের অধিকারী ছিলেন।

(৪) সংবিধানের ষষ্ঠ তফসিলের অন্তর্ভুক্ত আসাম, মেঘালয়, মিজোরাম বা ত্রিপুরার উপজাতি অঞ্চল এবং বেঙ্গল ইস্টার্ন ফ্রন্টিয়ার রেগুলেশন, ১৮73৩ অনুসারে “অভ্যন্তরীণ রেখা” আওতাভুক্ত অঞ্চলগুলিতে এই ধারার কোনও কিছুই প্রযোজ্য হবে না ( 1873 এর রেজিস্ট্রেশন 5।) ‘।

৪. ধারা 7 ডি সংশোধন

মূল আইন, এর 7D ধারায় –

(i) ধারা (ডি) এর পরে, নিম্নলিখিত ধারাটি সন্নিবেশ করা হবে, যথা: –

“(দ) ভারতের বিদেশী নাগরিক কার্ডধারক এই আইনের যে কোনও বিধি বা আপাতত কার্যকর থাকার জন্য অন্য কোনও আইনের বিধান লঙ্ঘন করেছেন, সরকারী গেজেটে প্রকাশিত প্রজ্ঞাপনে কেন্দ্রীয় সরকার নির্ধারিত হতে পারে; অথবা “;

(ii) ধারা (চ) এর পরে নিম্নলিখিত প্রোভিসোটি প্রবেশ করানো হবে, যথা:

“তবে এই বিধানের অধীনে কোনও আদেশ গৃহীত হবে না যদি না বিদেশের নাগরিক কার্ডधारককে শুনানির উপযুক্ত সুযোগ না দেওয়া হয়।”

5. ধারা 18 সংশোধন

অধ্যক্ষ আইনের ১৮ অনুচ্ছেদে, উপ-ধারা (২) এ, ধারা (ঙ) এর পরে নিম্নলিখিত ধারাটি প্রবেশ করানো হবে, যথা: –

“(ঙ) ধারা B বি এর উপ-ধারা (১) এর অধীনে নিবন্ধনের শংসাপত্র বা প্রাকৃতিকীকরণের শংসাপত্র প্রদানের শর্ত, বিধিনিষেধ এবং পদ্ধতি;”;

Third. তৃতীয় তফসিল সংশোধন

মূল আইনের তৃতীয় তফসিলে, ধারা (d) এ, নিম্নলিখিত বিধিগুলি সন্নিবেশ করানো হবে, যথা: –

‘তবে শর্ত রয়েছে যে, হিন্দু, শিখ, বৌদ্ধ, জৈন, পার্সী বা আফগানিস্তান, বাংলাদেশ বা পাকিস্তানের খ্রিস্টান সম্প্রদায়ের অন্তর্গত ব্যক্তিদের জন্য, এই ধারা অনুসারে ভারতে সরকারের বাসভবন বা চাকরীর সামগ্রিক সময়কাল “কম নয় পাঁচ বছরের চেয়ে বেশি “এগার বছরের চেয়ে কম নয়” এর জায়গায়।


 

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019

(Act No. 47 of 2019)

An Act further to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Seventieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

1. Short title and commencement

 (1) This Act may be called the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019.

(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

2. Amendment of section 2

In the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955) (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), in section 2, in sub-section (1), in clause (b), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

“Provided that any person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian community from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, who entered into India on or before the 31st day of December, 2014 and who has been exempted by the Central Government by or under clause (c) of sub-section (2) of section 3 of the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 (34 of 1920) or from the application of the provisions of the Foreigners Act, 1946 (31 of 1946) or any rule or order made thereunder, shall not be treated as illegal migrant for the purposes of this Act;”.

3. Insertion of new section 6B.

After section 6A of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:-

‘6B. Special provisions as to citizenship of person covered by proviso to clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2

(1) The Central Government or an authority specified by it in this behalf may, subject to such conditions, restrictions and manner as may be prescribed, on an application made in this behalf, grant a certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation to a person referred to in the proviso to clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2.

(2) Subject to fulfilment of the conditions specified in section 5 or the qualifications for naturalisation under the provisions of the Third Schedule, a person granted the certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be a citizen of India from the date of his entry into India.

(3) On and from the date of commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, any proceeding pending against a person under this section in respect of illegal migration or citizenship shall stand abated on conferment of citizenship to him:

Provided that such person shall not be disqualified for making application for citizenship under this section on the ground that the proceeding is pending against him and the Central Government or authority specified by it in this behalf shall not reject his application on that ground if he is otherwise found qualified for grant of citizenship under this section:

Provided further that the person who makes the application for citizenship under this section shall not be deprived of his rights and privileges to which he was entitled on the date of receipt of his application on the ground of making such application.

(4) Nothing in this section shall apply to tribal area of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram or Tripura as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution and the area covered under “The Inner Line” notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, (Reg. 5 of 1873.)’.

4. Amendment of section 7D

In section 7D of the principal Act,-

(i) after clause (d), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

“(da) the Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder has violated any of the provisions of this Act or provisions of any other law for time being in force as may be specified by the Central Government in the notification published in the Official Gazette; or”;

(ii) after clause (f), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

“Provided that no order under this section shall be passed unless the Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.”.

5. Amendment of section 18

In section 18 of the principal Act, in sub-section (2), after clause (ee), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

“(eei) the conditions, restrictions and manner for granting certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation under sub-section (1) of section 6B;”.

6. Amendment of Third Schedule

In the Third Schedule to the principal Act, in clause (d), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

‘Provided that for the person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian community in Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, the aggregate period of residence or service of Government in India as required under this clause shall be read as “not less than five years” in place of “not less than eleven years”.’


The Citizenship Act 1955

Gazette Notification on -12th December 2019.


 

The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register of usual residents of India

PAKISTAN OR THE PARTITION OF INDIA

A. Introduction

1. The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register of usual residents of the country. It is being prepared at the local (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State and National level under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR. A usual resident is defined for the purposes of NPR as a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.

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British Nationality Act 1948

1948 CHAPTER 56

An Act to make provision for British nationality and for citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies and for purposes connected with the matters aforesaid.

[30th July 1948.]

Be it enacted by the King’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows :—

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THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL 2019

Bill No. 370 of 2019

AS INTRODUCED IN LOK SABHA

THE CITIZENSHIP (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2019

A
BILL

further to amend the Citizenship Act, 1955.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventieth Year of the Republic of India as  follows:—

1. (1) This Act may be called the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019.

(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification
in the Official Gazette, appoint.

2. In the Citizenship Act, 1955 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), in section 2, in sub-section (1), in clause (b), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—

“Provided that any person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or
Christian community from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, who entered into
India on or before the 31st day of December, 2014 and who has been exempted by the
Central Government by or under clause (c) of sub-section (2) of section 3 of the
Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 or from the application of the provisions of the
Foreigners Act, 1946 or any rule or order made thereunder, shall not be treated as
illegal migrant for the purposes of this Act;”.

3. After section 6A of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:—

‘6B. (1) The Central Government or an authority specified by it in this behalf may, subject to such conditions, restrictions and manner as may be prescribed, on an application made in this behalf, grant a certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation to a person referred to in the proviso to clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 2.

(2) Subject to fulfilment of the conditions specified in section 5 or the qualifications for naturalisation under the provisions of the Third Schedule, a person granted the certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation under sub-section (1) shall be deemed to be a citizen of India from the date of his entry into India.

(3) On and from the date of commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, any proceeding pending against a person under this section in respect of illegal migration or citizenship shall stand abated on conferment of citizenship to him:

Provided that such person shall not be disqualified for making application for citizenship under this section on the ground that the proceeding is pending against him and the Central Government or authority specified by it in this behalf shall not reject his application on that ground if he is otherwise found qualified for grant of citizenship under this section:

Provided further that the person who makes the application for citizenship under this section shall not be deprived of his rights and privileges to which he was entitled on the date of receipt of his application on the ground of making such application.

(4) Nothing in this section shall apply to tribal area of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram or Tripura as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution and the area covered under “The Inner Line” notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.’

4. In section 7D of the principal Act,—

(i) after clause (d), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:—

“(da) the Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder has violated any of the provisions of this Act or provisions of any other law for time being in force as may be specified by the Central Government in the notification published in the Official Gazette; or”.

(ii) after clause (f), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—

“Provided that no order under this section shall be passed unless the Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.”.

5. In section 18 of the principal Act, in sub-section (2), after clause (ee), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:—

“(eei) the conditions, restrictions and manner for granting certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation under sub-section (1) of section 6B;”.

6. In the Third Schedule to the principal Act, in clause (d), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—

‘Provided that for the person belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian community in Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan, the aggregate period of residence or service of Government in India as required under this clause shall be read as “not less than five years” in place of “not less than eleven years”.’.

STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

The Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955) was enacted to provide for the acquisition and determination of Indian citizenship.

2. It is a historical fact that trans-border migration of population has been happening continuously between the territories of India and the areas presently comprised in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. Millions of citizens of undivided India belonging to various faiths were staying in the said areas of Pakistan and Bangladesh when India was partitioned in 1947. The constitutions of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh provide for a specific state religion. As a result, many persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities have faced persecution on grounds of religion in those countries. Some of them also have fears about such persecution in their day-to-day life where right to practice, profess and propagate their religion has been obstructed and restricted. Many such persons have fled to India to seek shelter and continued to stay in India even if their travel documents have expired or they have incomplete or no documents.

3. Under the existing provisions of the Act, migrants from Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian communities from Afghanistan, Pakistan or Bangladesh who entered into India without valid travel documents or if the validity of their documents has expired are regarded as illegal migrants and ineligible to apply for Indian citizenship under section 5 or section 6 of the Act.

4. The Central Government exempted the said migrants from the adverse penal consequences of the Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 and the Foreigners Act, 1946 and rules or orders made thereunder vide notifications, dated 07.09.2015 and dated 18.07.2016. Subsequently, the Central Government also made them eligible for long term visa to stay in India, vide, orders dated 08.01.2016 and 14.09.2016. Now, it is proposed to make the said migrants eligible for Indian Citizenship.

5. The illegal migrants who have entered into India up to the cut of date of 31.12.2014 need a special regime to govern their citizenship matters. For this purpose the Central Government or an authority specified by it, shall grant the certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation subject to such conditions, restrictions and manner as may be prescribed. Since many of them have entered into India long back, they may be given the citizenship of India from the date of their entry in India if they fulfil conditions for Indian citizenship specified in section 5 or the qualifications for the naturalisation under the provisions of the Third Schedule to the Act.

6. The Bill further seeks to grant immunity to the migrant of the aforesaid Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities so that any proceedings against them regarding in respect of their status of migration or citizenship does not bar them from applying for Indian citizenship. The competent authority, to be prescribed under the Act, shall not take into account any proceedings initiated against such persons regarding their status as illegal migrant or their citizenship matter while considering their application under section 5 or section 6 of the Act, if they fulfil all the conditions for grant of citizenship.

7. Many persons of Indian origin including persons belonging to the said minority communities from the aforesaid countries have been applying for citizenship under section 5 of the Citizenship Act, 1955 but they are unable to produce proof of their Indian origin. Hence, they are forced to apply for citizenship by naturalisation under section 6 of the said Act, which, inter alia, prescribe twelve years residency as a qualification for naturalisation in terms of the Third Schedule to the Act. This denies them many opportunities and advantages that may accrue only to the citizens of India, even though they are likely to stay in India permanently. Therefore, it is proposed to amend the Third Schedule to the Act to make applicants belonging to the said communities from the aforesaid countries eligible for citizenship by naturalisation if they can establish their residency in India for five years instead of the existing eleven years.

8. Presently, there is no specific provision in section 7D of the Act to cancel the registration of Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder who violates any provisions of the Act or any other law for the time being in force. It is also proposed to amend the said section 7D so as to empower the Central Government to cancel registration as Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder in case of violation of any provisions of the Act or any other law for the time being in force.

9. Since there is no specific provision in the Act at present to provide an opportunity of being heard to the Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder before cancellation of the Overseas Citizen of India Card under section 7D, it is proposed to provide the opportunity of being heard to the Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder before the cancellation of the Overseas Citizen of India Card.

10. The Bill further seeks to protect the constitutional guarantee given to indigenous populations of North Eastern States covered under the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution and the statutory protection given to areas covered under “The Inner Line” system of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.

11. The Bill seeks to achieve the above objectives.

NEW DELHI; AMIT SHAH.

The 4th December, 2019.

MEMORANDUM REGARDING DELEGATED LEGISLATION

Clause 5 of the Bill seeks to insert a new clause (eei) in sub-section (2) of section 18 of the Citizenship Act, 1955 so as to empower the Central Government to make rules to provide the conditions, restrictions and manner for granting certificate of registration or certificate of naturalisation under sub-section (1) of section 6B of the said Act.

2. The matters in respect of which the aforementioned rules may be made are matters of procedure and it is not practicable to provide for them in the Bill itself. The delegation of legislative power is, therefore, of a normal character.

(Shri Amit Shah, Minister of Home Affairs)

MGIPMRND—4109LS(S3)—06-12-2019.

Section 10 of The Citizenship Act 1955

Full Text

10. Deprivation of citizenship

(1) A citizen of India who is such by naturalisation or by virtue only of clause (c) of article 5 of the Constitution or by registration otherwise than under clause (b)(ii) of article 6 of the Constitution or clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 5 of this Act, shall cease to be a citizen of India, if he is deprived of that citizenship by an order of the Central Government under this section.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Central Government may, by order, deprive any such citizen of Indian citizenship, if it is satisfied that
(a) the registration or certificate of naturalisation was obtained by means of fraud, false representation or the concealment of any material fact; or

(b) that citizen has shown himself by act or speech to be disloyal or disaffected towards the Constitution of India as by law established; or

(c) that citizen has, during any war in which India may be engaged unlawfully traded or communicated with an enemy or been engaged, in or associated with, any business that was to his knowledge carried on in such manner as to assist an enemy in that war; or

(d) that citizen has, within five years after registration or naturalisation, been sentenced in any country to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years; or

(e) that citizen has been ordinarily resident out of India for a continuous period of seven years, and during that period, has neither been at any time a student of any educational institution in a country outside India or in the service of a Government in India or of an international organisation of which India is a member, nor registered annually in the prescribed manner at an Indian consulate his intention to retain his citizenship of India.

(3) The Central Government shall not deprive a person of citizenship under this section unless it is satisfied that it is not conducive to the public good that that person should continue to be a citizen of India.

(4) Before making an order under this section, the Central Government shall give the person against whom the order is proposed to be made notice in writing informing him of the ground on which it is proposed to be made and, if the order is proposed to be made on any of the grounds specified in sub-section (2) other than clause (e) thereof, of his right, upon making application therefor in the prescribed manner, to have his case referred to a committee of inquiry under this section.

(5) If the order is proposed to be made against a person on any of the grounds specified in sub-section (2) other than clause (e) thereof and that person so applies in the prescribed manner, the Central Government shall, and in any other case it may, refer the case to a Committee of Inquiry consisting of a chairman (being a person who has for at least ten years held a judicial office) and two other members appointed by the Central Government in this behalf.

(6) The Committee of Inquiry shall, on such reference, hold the inquiry in such manner as may be prescribed and submit its report to the Central Government; and the Central Government shall ordinarily be guided by such report in making an order under this section.


The Citizenship Act, 1955

Recent application: The Union home ministry on 20 November 2019 cancelled the citizenship of Telangana Rashtra Samithi MLA Chennamaneni Ramesh on grounds that he had not fulfilled the stipulated norms while obtaining the Indian citizenship in 2009 when he was a German passport holder. An order to this effect was issued by Secretary, Border Management of the MHA, who is the competent authority. “Under section 10 of the Citizenship Act 1955, Ramesh Chennamaneni ceases to be a Citizen of India,” the 13-page order said.

Article 5 Constitution of India

Constitution of India

Citizenship at commencement of the Indian Constitution

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA [INDEX]

  1. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution-

At the commencement of this Constitution every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and-

(a) who was born in the territory of India; or

(b) either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or

(c) who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.


Constitution of India [Full-Text View]


 

Final Assam citizens’ list published on the National Register of Citizen website : Check Status by ARN numbers

This is just a consolidated list where all applicants from a family who have the same application receipt number (ARN) can check their status together online through their ARN numbers. Those who were at the risk of being excluded were able to check their status earlier in the supplementary list

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the register containing details of all Indian citizens. After conducting the Census of 1951, the National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared by recording particulars of all the persons enumerated during the 1951 Census.The NRC will be updated as per the provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955 and The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. As such, eligibility for inclusion in updated NRC shall be determined based on the NRC, 1951, Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March, 1971 and in their absence the list of admissible documents issued upto midnight of 24th March, 1971. [Govt of Assam website]

Check Assam NRC List 2019 online:

To check your name in the NRC list online, keep your Application Reference Number or ARN handy.

Step 1: Log on to any othe following website: http://www.nrcassam.nic.in or http://www.assam.mygov.in

Step 2: Check on the link that says, “Supplementary Inclusions/Exclusions Lists (Final NRC) status”

Step 3: Punch in your Application Reference Number (ARN) to check if your name has been added to the final NRC list.

Result for all NRC applicants as per Draft NRC & Supplementary List of Inclusions and Exclusions