Assessment of impact of India’s Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019, passed on 11 Dec 2019, on United Kingdom citizens

The first Act was in 1955; there was another in the mid-1970s, and now there is this third Act. This Act relates only to refugees who have come from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh, the three Muslim-majority countries in the neighbourhood of India. The Act states that anybody who came into India as a refugee at any time up to 2014 and was likely to have faced prosecution will be recognised as a citizen. The position taken by the Government is that, because it was Muslim-majority countries from which they came, they will be predominantly non-Muslim—they will be Hindus, Parsis or Sikhs, but not Muslims.

British Nationality law

The principle of the ius sanguinis was at all times reluctantly admitted in English or British nationality law and practice and imperfectly understood. The statute De Natis was never entirely forgotten[560], but frequently ignored[561]. Even after its replacement by the Act of Anne there was considerable doubt as to the situation of foreign-born children


Any foreign national who claims to be a Nepalese citizen and acquires Nepalese citizenship by giving false representation shall be sentenced to imprisonment from one year to five years or fined from fifty thousand rupees to one hundred thousand rupees or awarded both penalties. The citizenship acquired by false representation and having penalized pursuant to this clause, the citizenship thus acquired shall be automatically cancelled.

Acquisition Of Citizenship in India

1) Except as provided in sub-section (2), every person born in India
(a) on or after the 26th day of January, 1950, but before the 1st day of July, 1987;
(b) on or after the 1st day of July, 1987, but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 ....

नागरिकता (संशोधन) अधिनियम २०१ ९

अफगानिस्तान, बांग्लादेश या पाकिस्तान से हिंदू, सिख, बौद्ध, जैन, पारसी या ईसाई समुदाय से संबंधित कोई भी व्यक्ति, जो दिसंबर, 2014 के 31 वें दिन या उससे पहले भारत में प्रवेश कर गया हो इस पर बनाए गए किसी भी नियम या आदेश को इस अधिनियम के प्रयोजनों के लिए अवैध प्रवासी नहीं माना जाएगा

নাগরিকত্ব (সংশোধন) আইন 2019

হিন্দু, শিখ, বৌদ্ধ, জৈন, পার্সী বা আফগানিস্তান, বাংলাদেশ বা পাকিস্তানের খ্রিস্টান সম্প্রদায়ের কোনও ব্যক্তি, যিনি ২০১৪ সালের ৩১ শে ডিসেম্বর বা তার আগে ভারতে প্রবেশ করেছেন এই আইনের উদ্দেশ্যে অবৈধ অভিবাসী হিসাবে গণ্য হইবে না;

British Nationality Act 1948

An Act to make provision for British nationality and for citizenship of the United Kingdom and Colonies and for purposes connected with the matters aforesaid. Be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled


Under the existing provisions of the Act, migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian communities from Afghanistan, Pakistan or Bangladesh who entered into India without valid travel documents or if the validity of their documents has expired are regarded as illegal migrants and ineligible to apply for Indian citizenship under section 5 or section 6 of the Act