Tag: Civildigest

Jurisdiction of the Courts and res judicata

Courts to try all civil suits unless barred —The Courts shall have jurisdiction to try all suits of a civil nature excepting suits of which their cognizance is either expressly or impliedly barred. Again A suit in which the right to property or to an office is contested is a suit of a civil nature, notwithstanding that such right may depend entirely on the decision of questions as to religious rites or ceremonies.

Stay of the suit —No Court shall proceed with the trial of any suit in which the matter in issue is also directly and substantially in issue in a previously instituted suit between the same parties, or between parties under whom they or any of them claim litigating under the same title where such suit is pending before competent Jurisdiction.

Res judicata —No Court shall try any suit or issue in which the matter directly and substantially in issue has been directly and substantially in issue in a former suit between the same parties, or between parties under whom they or any of them claim, litigating under the same title, in a Court competent to try such subsequent suit or the suit in which such issue has been subsequently raised, and has been heard and finally decided by such Court.

Bar to further suit —Where a plaintiff is precluded by rules from instituting a further suit in respect of any particular cause of action, he shall not be entitled to institute a suit in respect of such cause of action in any Court to which this Code applies.

Foreign Decree- A foreign judgment by competent jurisdiction shall be conclusive as to any matter thereby directly adjudicated upon between the same parties or between parties under whom they or any of them claim litigating under the same title

Whether a witness examined by Affidavit can be recalled for further evidence of facts not mentioned in Affidavit.

Civil Procedure Code, 1908—Order 18, Rule 17—Recall and examination of witness—Power to recall any witness under Order 18, Rule 17 CPC can be exercised by Court either on its own motion or on an application filed by any of parties to suit—Such power is to be invoked not to fill up lacunae in evidence of the witness which has already been recorded but to clear any ambiguity that may have arisen during course of his examination—If evidence on re-examination of a witness has a bearing on ultimate decision of suit, it is always within discretion of Trial Court to permit recall of such a witness for re-examination-in-chief with permission to defendants to cross-examine witness thereafter. Error! No text of specified style in document. vs. Error! No text of specified style in document.

Shamsher Singh Vs Rajinder Prashad and others-03/08/1973

COURT FEES-The plaintiff had sued for a twofold declaration: (i) that the property described in the plaint was a waqf, and (ii) that certain alienations thereof by the mutwali and his brother were null and void and were ineffectual against the waqf property. It was held that the second part of the declaration was tantamount to the setting aside or cancellation of the alienations and therefore the relief claimed could not be treated as a purely declaratory one and inasmuch as it could not be said to follow directly from the declaration sought for in the first part of the relief, the relief claimed in the case could be treated as a declaration with a “consequential relief.

Whether pleadings can be directed to be amended after hearing of a case begins?

Vidyabai & Ors. Versus Padmalatha & Anr.-However, proviso appended to Order VI, Rule 17 of the Code restricts the power of the court. It puts an embargo on exercise of its jurisdiction. The court’s jurisdiction, in a case of this nature is limited. Thus, unless the jurisdictional fact, as envisaged therein, is found to be existing, the court will have no jurisdiction at all to allow the amendment of the plaint.

Whether a stranger can be permitted to file a civil appeal in any proceedings?


Section 96 and 100 of the Code of Civil Procedure provide for preferring an appeal from any original decree or from decree in appeal respectively. The aforesaid provisions do not enumerate the categories of persons who can file an appeal. However, it is a settled legal proposition that a stranger cannot be permitted to file an appeal in any proceedings unless he satisfies the Court that he falls with the category of aggrieved persons.