Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus-Introduction by Bertrand Russell-1922

Mr Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, whether or not it prove to give the ultimate truth on the matters with which it deals, certainly deserves, by its breadth and scope and profundity, to be considered an important event in the philosophical world. Starting from the principles of Symbolism and the relations which are necessary between words and things in any language, it applies the result of this inquiry to various departments of traditional philosophy, showing in each case how traditional philosophy and traditional solutions arise out of ignorance of the principles of Symbolism and out of misuse of language.

पंच अवयव तर्कः – pancha abayaba tarka

प्रतिज्ञा हेतू दाहरणोपनय निगमनानि अवयवाः ।। ३२ ।।  साध्यनिर्देशः प्रतिज्ञा ।। ३३ ।। उदाहरणसाधर्म्यात्साध्यसाधनं हेतुः ।। ३४ ।। तथा वैधर्म्यात् ।। ३५ ।। साध्यसाधर्म्यात्तद्धर्मभावी दृष्टान्तः उदाहरणम् ।। ३६ ।। तद्विपर्ययात्वा विपरीतम् ।। ३७ ।। उदाहरणापेक्षः तथा इति उपसंहारः न तथा…

Indian Logic

आगमविरुद्ध (āgamaviruddha) – contradicted by scripture अनैकान्तिकः(anaikāntika) – inconclusive (reason) अनन्वय (ananvaya) – pseudo-example without positive concomitance अनुमान (anumāna) – inference अनुमानाभासः(anumānābhāsa) – pseudo-inference अनुमानविरुद्धः(anumānaviruddha) – contradicted by inference अनुमेय (anumeya) – inferendum अनुपलब्द्धि(anupalabdhiह-non-perception अनुपलब्धिहेतु (anupalabdhihetu)- reason of non-perception अन्वय…