- 1792 – Claude Chappe designed the visual telegraphy system (semaphore) between Lille and Paris.
- 1837 – Samuel Morse developed the electrical telegraph.
- 1839 – Sir Charles Wheatstone and Sir William Fothergill Cooke built the first commercial electrical telegraph.
- 1866 – The first transatlantic telegraph cable was laid.
- 1876 – Alexander Bell and Elisha Gray invented the conventional telephone.
- 1878-79 – The first commercial telephone services were started between New Haven and London.
- 1832– James Lindsay introduced the concept of wireless telegraphy.
- 1893 – Nikola Tesla demonstrated small-scale radio communication.
- 1901 – Guglielmo Marconi setup a wireless communication between Newfoundland (Canada) and Cornwall (England).
- 1925 – John Logie Baird invented mechanical television.
- 1929 – British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was established.
- 1940 – The configuration of a centralized computer or mainframe with remote dumb terminals started.
- 1960 – Packet switching was implemented using different computers.
- 1969 – ARPANET was established and the Request for Comment (RFC 1) was published.
- 1981 – RFC 791 introduced the Internet Protocol v4 (IPv4) and Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) laying basis for internet transmission.
- 1998: Mobile satellite hand-held phones
- 1989 – Neptune pictures taken from the Voyager 2 spacecraft was transmitted to earth laying basis for satellite communication.
- 2001-The beginnings of 3g were started by NTTDoCoMo .
- 2003: VoIP Internet telephony: In 2003, phone calls were now capable of being transmitted over a computer through Internet protocols.
Growth of telecom sector in India
- Globally India is world’s second largest telecom market
- India’s Telecom Subscriber Base Reaches Over 1 Bn.
- 4G smartphones will comprise 75% of 170 million phones to be achieved in 2017
- Reliance Jio’s entry in 2016 intensified competition in 4G services
- Nokia and Ericsson are in talks with Indian telecom operators over the feasibility of deploying 5G
- Data explosion is being accelerated by a new wave of digitization linking cloud services with the rise of the Internet of Things (IoT)
- India is the world’s fourth-largest mobile app economy followed by China, the United States, and Brazil
- The NITI Aayog is striving towards making all government-citizen transactions cash-less through a digital platform. According to the Chairman of NITI Aayog, cards, ATMs, and POS machines would become redundant in the country by 2020, because every Indian will be doing his transaction just by using his/her thumb in thirty seconds
FDI Policy in Telecom
Activity: All telecom services including Telecom Infrastructure Providers Category-I, viz. Basic, Cellular, Unified Access Services, Unified license(Access services),Unified License, National/ International Long Distance, Commercial V-Sat, Public Mobile Radio Trunked Services (PMRTS), Global Mobile Personal Communications Services (GMPCS), All types of ISP licences, Voice Mail/Audiotex/UMS, Resale of IPLC, Mobile Number Portability services, Infrastructure Provider Category – I (providing dark fibre, right of way, duct space, tower) except Other Service Providers.
FDI CAP: 100% , Automatic upto 49%, FIPB beyond 49%.
- Introduction to Unified Access Services/Cellular Mobile Services
- National Numbering Plan – 2003
- Guidelines for Access Services Licences
- Amendments to Access Service Licences
- Allotment of Short codes
- Instructions for Access Service Licences
- Allotment of MSC Codes
- Public Notices
- List of Access Service Licences Issued
- Press Releases
- Telemarketer Codes
- 3G & BWA Spectrum Auction
- 3G Auction Updates
- BWA Auction Updates
- Security Clearance and Related Licence Agreements
- Subscriber Verification
- Mobile Number Portability(MNP)
- Unified Access Services
- Cellular Mobile Services
- Consolidated list of rural SDCAs for the purpose of 3G/BWA Roll out obligation
- Improving Communication Network during Disasters.
- Test Schedule Test Procedure (TSTP) for Roll Out Obligation
- Voice Mail /Audiotext /UMS
- NOC for Reselling of International SIM Cards
- Other Services Providers(Including BPO)
- Resale OF IPLC
- Restrictions on the use of Satellite Phone
- Infrastructure Provider
- International Long Distance
- National Long Distance
- EMF Radiation Issues
Licensing of Internet Services