What is Law ?

Law normally connotes a rule or norm which is of general application. It may apply to all the persons or class of persons or even individuals of a particular description. Law prescribes the abstract principles by the application of which individual cases are decided. Law, however, is not what Blackstone called “a sentence”. According to Roscoe Pound, law, as distinguished from laws, is the system of authoritative materials for grounding or guiding judicial and administrative action recognized or established in a politically organized society (see page 106. Jurisprudence, Vol. III). Law is not the same as judgment. Law lays down the norm in abstract terms with a coercive power and sanction against those guilty of violating the norm, while judgment represents the decision arrived at by the application of law to the concrete facts of a case. Constitutional law relates to the various organs of a State; it deals with the structure of the government, the extent of distribution of its powers and the modes and principles at its operation. The Constitution of India is so detailed that some of the matters which in a brief constitution like that of the United States of America are dealt with by statutes form the subject-matter of various Articles of our Constitution. There is, however, in a constitutional law, as them is in the very idea of law, some element of generality or general application. It also carries with it a concept of its applicability in future to situations which may arise in that context.[ INDIRA NEHRU GANDHI VS SHRI RAJ NARAIN [ALL SC 1975 NOVEMBER]

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