The meaning and the implication of the word ‘Kafir’
Verses about Kufr
3: 90: But those who reject Faith(islam)(Kafaru) after they accepted it, and then go on adding to their defiance (Kufran) of Faith,- never will their repentance be accepted; for they are those who have (of set purpose) gone astray.
3:91: As to those who reject Faith (Kafaru), and die rejecting (Kuffar),- never would be accepted from any such as much gold as the earth contains,
3:97: but if any deny faith (Kafara), Allah stands not in need of any of His creatures.
3:98: Say: “O People of the Book! Why reject (Takfuruna) ye the Signs of Allah, when Allah is Himself witness to all ye do?”
3:116: Those who reject Faith (Kafaru),- neither their possessions nor their (numerous) progeny will avail them aught against Allah:
4: 76: Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject (Kafaru) Faith Fight in the cause of Evil:
4:136: Any who denieth (Yakfur) Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.
59: (The reply will be 🙂 ‘Nay, but there came to thee my Signs, and thou didst reject them: thou wast Haughty, and became one of those who reject faith (Kafirin)!’
63: To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth: and those who reject the Signs of Allah (Kafaru),- it is they who will be in loss.
Companions of Fire
2:217: They ask thee concerning fighting in the Prohibited Month. Say: “Fighting therein is a grave (offence); but graver is it in the sight of Allah to prevent access to the path of Allah, to deny Him (Kufr), to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque, and drive out its members.” Tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter. Nor will they cease fighting you until they turn you back from your faith if they can. And if any of you Turn back from their faith and die in unbelief (Kafir), their works will bear no fruit in this life and in the Hereafter; they will be companions of the Fire and will abide therein.
2:131: Fear the Fire, which is repaired for those who reject Faith (Kafirin):
4:56: Those who reject (Kafaru) our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire
5:86: But those who reject Faith (Kafaru) and belie our Signs, – they shall be companions of Hell-fire.
3:4: Then those who reject Faith (Kafaru) in the Signs of Allah will suffer the severest penalty,
9:3: And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people (assembled) on the day of the Great Pilgrimage,- that Allah and His Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the Pagans(Mushrikeen). If then, ye repent, it were best for you; but if ye turn away, know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah. And proclaim a grievous penalty to those who reject Faith (Kafaru). (Mushrik and Kafir treated as same),
8:38: Say to the Unbelievers (Kafaru), if (now) they desist (from Unbelief), their past would be forgiven them; but if they persist, the punishment of those before them is already (a matter of warning for them).
8:52: (Deeds) after the manner of the people of Pharaoh and of those before them: They rejected (Kafaru) the Signs of Allah, and Allah punished them for their crimes:
9:55: Let not their wealth nor their (following in) sons dazzle thee: in reality Allah’s plan is to punish them with these things in this life, and that their souls may perish in their (very) denial of Allah (Kafirun).
10:4: but those who reject Him (Kafaru) will have draughts of boiling fluids, and a penalty grievous, because they did reject Him (Yakfurun).
10:70: A little enjoyment in this world! – and then, to Us will be their return, then shall We make them taste the severest penalty for their blasphemies (aykfurun).
Respite and Then Punishment to Kafirs
13:32: Mocked were (many) messengers before thee: but I granted respite to the unbelievers (Kafaru), and finally I punished them:
30:16: And those who have rejected Islam (Kafaru) and falsely denied our Signs and the meeting of the Hereafter, – such shall be brought forth to Punishment.
29:23: Those who reject the Signs of Allah (Kafaru) and the Meeting with Him (in the Hereafter), – it is they who shall despair of My Mercy: it is they who will (suffer) a most grievous Penalty.
14: 2: But alas for the Unbelievers (Kafirin) for a terrible penalty (their Unfaith will bring them)!-
14:7: But if ye show ingratitude (Kafartum), truly My punishment is terrible indeed.”
41:27: But We will certainly give the Unbelievers (Kafaru) a taste of a severe Penalty, and We will requite them for the worst of their deeds.
30:16: And those who have rejected Faith (Kafaru) and falsely denied our Signs and the meeting of the Hereafter,- such shall be brought forth to Punishment.
67: 6: For those who reject (Kafaru) their Lord (and Cherisher) is the Penalty of Hell: and evil is (such), Destination.
67: 28: Say: “See ye? – If Allah were to destroy me, and those with me, or if He bestows His Mercy on us,- yet who can deliver the Unbelievers (Kafirin) from a grievous Penalty?”
88: 23-24: But if any turn away and reject Allah,- Allah will punish him with a mighty Punishment,
41: 50: But We will show the Unbelievers (Kafaru) the truth of all that they did, and We shall give them the taste of a severe Penalty.
58: 4: For those who reject (Him) (Kafirin), there is a grievous Penalty.
58:5: And the Unbelievers (Kafirin) (will have) a humiliating Penalty,-
The Quran also details the actions and beliefs of Kafirs in many verses. Some are as follows:
Acts of Kafirs
Kafirs Slay the Messengers
2:61: They were covered with humiliation and misery; they drew on themselves the wrath of Allah. This because they went on rejecting (Yakfuruna) the Signs of Allah and slaying His Messengers without just cause.
They say Christ is God or son of God
5: 17: In blasphemy (Kafar) indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary.
5: 72: They do blaspheme (Kafara) who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.”
5: 73: They do blaspheme (Kafara) who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity:
They Are Not Righteous
2:254; Those who reject Faith (Kafirun) they are the wrong-doers.
8:36: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) spend their wealth to hinder (man) from the path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend;
16: 88: Those who reject Allah (Kafaru) and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah
9: 32: Fain would they extinguish Allah’s light with their mouths, but Allah will not allow but that His light should be perfected, even though the Unbelievers (Kafirun) may detest (it).
Kafirs Drove the Prophet Out
9: 40: If ye help not (your leader), (it is no matter): for Allah did indeed help him, when the Unbelievers (Kafaru) drove him out: he had no more than one companion; they two were in the cave, and he said to his companion,
14: 13: And the Unbelievers (Kafaru) said to their messengers: “Be sure we shall drive you out of our land, or ye shall return to our religion.”
Kafirs Do Not Have Understanding
8:65: O Prophet! rouse the Believers to the fight. If there are twenty amongst you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, they will vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers (Kafaru): for these are a people without understanding.
Kafirs Deny the Favours of Allah
16: 83: They recognise the favours of Allah; then they deny them; and most of them are (creatures) ungrateful (Kafirun).
Kafirs argues against Allah
18: 56: We only send the messengers to give Glad Tidings and to give warnings: But the unbelievers (Kafaru) dispute with vain argument,
14:9: To them came messengers with Clear (Signs); but they put their hands up to their mouths, and said: “We do deny (kafarna) (the mission) on which ye have been sent,
Kafir denies the Hereafter
12:37: I have (I assure you) abandoned the ways of a people that believe not in Allah and that (even) deny the Hereafter (Kafirun).
34: 3: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) say, “Never to us will come the Hour”:
41: 7: Those who practise not regular Charity, and who even deny the Hereafter (Kafirun).
18: 105: They are those who deny (Kafaru) the Signs of their Lord and the fact of their having to meet Him (in the Hereafter):
23: 33: And the chiefs of his people, who disbelieved (Kafaru) and denied the Meeting in the Hereafter, and on whom We had bestowed the good things of this life, said: “He is no more than a man like yourselves: he eats of that of which ye eat, and drinks of what ye drink.
Kafirs Despair of God’s Mercy
12:87: truly no one despairs of Allah’s Soothing Mercy, except those who have no faith. (Qaumil Kafirun)
22:55: Those who reject Faith (Kafaru) will not cease to be in doubt concerning (Revelation) until the Hour (of Judgment) comes suddenly upon them.
22:44: and Moses was rejected (in the same way). But I granted respite to the Unbelievers (Kafirin),
29:47: And thus (it is) that We have sent down the Book to thee. So the People of the Book believe therein, as also do some of these (pagan Arabs): and none but Unbelievers (Kafirun) reject our signs.
32: 10: And they say: “What! when we lie, hidden and lost, in the earth, shall we indeed be in a Creation renewed? Nay, they deny the Meeting with their Lord (Kafirun).
Kafir Ridicules the Prophet
34:7: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) say (in ridicule): “Shall we point out to you a man that will tell you, when ye are all scattered to pieces in disintegration, that ye shall (then be raised) in a New Creation?
21:36: When the Unbelievers (Kafaru) see thee, they treat thee not except with ridicule. “Is this,” (they say), “the one who talks of your gods?” and they blaspheme (Kafirun) at the mention of (Allah) Most Gracious!
Kafirs seek signs-13:27: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) say: “Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord?”
Kafirs deny the prophet-13: 43: Unbelievers (Kafaru) say: “No messenger art thou.”
Kafir does not believe in Quran-34:31: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) say: “We shall neither believe in this scripture nor in (any) that (came) before it.”
10:2: (But) say the Unbelievers (Kafirun): “This is indeed an evident sorcerer!”
64: 7: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) think that they will not be raised up (for Judgment).
40: 4: None can dispute about the Signs of Allah but the Unbelievers (Kafaru). Let not, then, their strutting about through the land deceive thee!
Kafirs detest the name of God
40:14: Call ye, then, upon Allah with sincere devotion to Him, even though the Unbelievers (Kafirun) may detest it.
41:26: The Unbelievers (Kafaru) say: “Listen not to this Qur’an, but talk at random in the midst of its (reading), that ye may gain the upper hand!”
Kafirs Hinder Men from the Path of God and Resist the Messenger
47: 32: Those who reject Allah (Kafaru), hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, and resist the Messenger, after Guidance has been clearly shown to them, will not injure Allah in the least, but He will make their deeds of no effect.
Kafir Is One Who Believes That the Universe Is a Fantasy
38:27: Not without purpose did We create heaven and earth and all between! That was the thought of Unbelievers (Kafaru)! but woe to the Unbelievers (Kafaru) because of the Fire (of Hell)!
Kafirs Are Perverse
38: 2: But the Unbelievers (Kafaru) (are steeped) in self-glory and Separatism.
2: 99: We have sent down to thee Manifest Signs (Ayat); and none reject (Yakfuru) them but those who are perverse.
67: 20: In nothing but delusion are the Unbelievers (Kafirun).
Kafirs Hindered Men from Sacred Mosque and Detained Sacrificial Animals
25: They are the ones who denied Revelation (Kafaru) and hindered you from the Sacred Mosque and the sacrificial animals, detained from reaching their place of sacrifice. Had there not been believing men and believing women whom ye did not know that ye were trampling down and on whose account a crime would have accrued to you without (your) knowledge, (Allah would have allowed you to force your way, but He held back your hands) that He may admit to His Mercy whom He will. If they had been apart, We should certainly have punished the Unbelievers (Kafaru) among them with a grievous Punishment.
Kafirs Are Perennially In Fight With Allah
61: 8: Their intention is to extinguish Allah’s Light (by blowing) with their mouths: But Allah will complete (the revelation of) His Light, even though the Unbelievers (Kafirun) may detest (it).
Allah Declares Kafir to Be His Enemy
2:98: Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and messengers, to Gabriel and Michael,- Lo! Allah is an enemy to those who reject Faith (Kafirin).
Shirk is also Kufr
3:80: Nor would he instruct you to take angels and prophets for Lords and patrons. What! would he bid you to unbelief (Kufr) after ye have bowed your will (To Allah in Islam)?
5: 17: In blasphemy (kafar) indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary.
9:1-2 (A declaration) of immunity from Allah and His Messenger, to those of the Pagans (Mushrikin) with whom ye have contracted mutual alliances:-Go ye, then, for four months, backwards and forwards, (as ye will), throughout the land, but know ye that ye cannot frustrate Allah (by your falsehood) but that Allah will cover with shame those who reject Him (Kafirin).
24:55: ‘They will worship Me (Allah alone) and not associate aught with Me (yushrikuna). ‘If any do reject Faith (Kafara) after this, they are rebellious and wicked.
6:1: Praise be Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and made the darkness and the light. Yet those who reject Faith (Kafaru) hold (others) as equal, with their Guardian-Lord.
9:30: The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of Allah and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers (Kafaru) of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!
Kafirs Reject the Partners on Qayamat
40:84: But when they saw Our Punishment, they said: “We believe in Allah,- the one Allah – and we reject the partners (kafarna) we used to join with Him.”
Kafirs are Mushriks.
43: 15: Yet they attribute to some of His servants a share with Him (in his godhead)! truly is man a blasphemous ingrate avowed! (kafur).
Kufr Means Rejecting
2:256: Whoever rejects (Yakfur) evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold that never breaks.
29: 7: Those who believe and work righteous deeds,- from them shall We blot out all evil (lanukaffiranna)(that may be) in them, and We shall reward them according to the best of their deeds.(meaning remove)
2:271: If ye disclose (acts of) charity, even so it is well, but if ye conceal them, and make them reach those (really) in need, that is best for you: It will remove (Yukaffir) from you some of your (stains of) evil. And Allah is well acquainted with what ye do.)
Kufr means sin
3:195: Those who have left their homes, or been driven out there from, or suffered harm in My Cause, or fought or been slain,- verily, I will blot out (ukaffiranna), from them their iniquities
64: 9: The Day that He assembles you (all) for a Day of Assembly,- that will be a Day of mutual loss and gain (among you), and those who believe in Allah and work righteousness,- He will remove (Yukaffir) from them their ills,
30:13: No intercessor wills they have among their “Partners” and they will (themselves) reject their “Partners”(Kafirin).
Pharaoh call Moses nashukra
26: 19:And thou didst a deed of thine which (thou knowest) thou didst, and thou art an ungrateful (Kafir)(wretch)!
Idols will deny (yakfuruna)
35:14.If ye invoke them (idols), they will not listen to your call, and if they were to listen, they cannot answer your (prayer). On the Day of Judgment they will reject (yakfuruna) your “Partnership”.(beshirkekum)
4:60: Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who declare that they believe in the revelations that have come to thee and to those before thee? Their (real) wish is to resort together for judgment (in their disputes) to the Evil One, though they were ordered to reject (Yakfuru) him. But Satan’s wish is to lead them astray far away (from the right).
Satan will deny shirk of Kafirs
14:22: And Satan will say when the matter is decided: “It was Allah Who gave you a promise of Truth: I too promised, but I failed in my promise to you. I had no authority over you except to call you but ye listened to me: then reproach not me, but reproach your own souls. I cannot listen to your cries, nor can ye listen to mine. I reject (Kafarto) your former act in associating me with Allah. For wrong-doers there must be a grievous penalty.”
46:6: And when mankind are gathered together (at the Resurrection), they (idols) will be hostile to them and reject their worship (altogether)! (Kafirin).
Kufr Meaning Denying One Another
29:25: And he said: “For you, ye have taken (for worship) idols besides Allah, out of mutual love and regard between yourselves in this life; but on the Day of Judgment ye shall disown each other (Yakfuru) and curse each other: and your abode will be the Fire, and ye shall have none to help.”
66: 8: O ye who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance: In the hope that your Lord will remove (Yukaffir) from you your ills and admit you to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow,- (meaning remove sins),
Kaffara Means Remove (Sins)
47:2: But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and believe in the (Revelation) sent down to Muhammad – for it is the Truth from their Lord,- He will remove (Kaffara) from them their ills and improve their condition.
Allah hates them and describes them as beast
8:55, For the worst of beasts in the sight of Allah are those who reject Him (Kafaru): They will not believe.
47:12: while those who reject Allah (Kafaru) will enjoy (this world) and eat as cattle eat; and the Fire will be their abode.
6:Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures.
Devoid of wisdom
2:171: The parable of those who reject Faith (Kafaru) is as if one were to shout Like a goat-herd, to things that listen to nothing but calls and cries: Deaf, dumb, and blind, they are void of wisdom.
8:65, O Prophet! rouse the Believers to the fight. If there are twenty amongst you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, they will vanquish a thousand of the Unbelievers (Kafaru): for these are a people without understanding.
5: 103: It is blasphemers (Kafaru) who invent a lie against Allah; but most of them lack wisdom
Jesus and Mary curse the Kafirs
5: 78: Curses were pronounced on those among the Children of Israel who rejected Islam (Kafaru), by the tongue of David and of Jesus the son of Mary
Allah Curses Them for Their Kufr
2:88: They say, “Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve Allah’s Word: we need no more).” Nay, Allah’s curse is on them for their blasphemy (Kufr).
2:89: And when there comes to them a Book from Allah, confirming what is with them, — although from of old they had prayed for victory against those without Faith (Kafaru), — when there comes to them that which they (should) have recognised, they refuse to believe (Kafaru) in it but the curse of Allah is on those without Faith (Kafirin) (three times)
Angels Hate the Kafirs
8: 50, If thou couldst see, when the angels take the souls of the Unbelievers (Kafaru) (at death), (How) they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): “Taste the penalty of the blazing Fire-
Allah Will Not Forgive Kafirs Even If Someone Prays For Them Seventy Times
9:80: if thou ask seventy times for their forgiveness, Allah will not forgive them: because they have rejected Allah and His Messenger (Kafaru):
9:84: Nor do thou ever pray for any of them that dies, nor stand at his grave; for they rejected Allah (Kafaru) and His Messenger,
Allah will forgive the sins of believers not unbelievers
4:168: Those who reject Faith (Kafaru) and do wrong,- Allah will not forgive them nor guide them to anyway-
4:161-That they took usury, though they were forbidden; and that they devoured men’s substance wrongfully; – we have prepared for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment.
Shirk is the most heinous sin indeed
4:48-Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed.
Someone may deny the existence of God out of ignorance or lack of understanding or wisdom and become Kafir but someone who associates partners with God is aware of God’s existence and has belief in him but still worships other gods and deities. Which is why Shirk has been declared the most heinous sin.
However, despite all the hate and disdain for Kafirs, God does not prescribe any punishment for them in this world. He says that He will punish them suitably in the Hereafter. In the world, he asks believers to avoid violence against them and preach them peacefully and tactfully. There are some verses to this effect. God permits believers to fight them only when they show aggression and become an existential threat for the believers.
Avoid Kafirs When They Ridicule Faith
4:140: Already has He sent you Word in the Book, that when ye hear the signs of Allah held in defiance (Yakfaru) and ridicule, ye are not to sit with them unless they turn to a different theme.
Fight against Kafirs
8: 15: O ye who believe! when ye meet the Unbelievers (Kafaru) in hostile array, never turn your backs to them.
25:52: Therefore listen not to the Unbelievers (Kafirina), but strive against them with the utmost strenuousness, with the (Qur’an).
47:4: Therefore, when ye meet the Unbelievers (Kafaru) (in fight), smite at their necks; At length, when ye have thoroughly subdued them, bind a bond firmly (on them): thereafter (is the time for) either generosity or ransom:
Kafirs as a group
71: The Unbelievers (plural-Kafaru) will be led to Hell in crowd: until, when they arrive, there, its gates will be opened. And its keepers will say, “Did not messengers come to you from among yourselves, rehearsing to you the Signs of your Lord, and warning you of the Meeting of This Day of yours?” The answer will be: “True: but the Decree of Punishment has been proved true against the Unbelievers (Kafirin)!”
The Surah Al Kafirun is about the Kafirs. It describes them as worshippers of false gods. It addresses the non-believers as a Qaum and all the six verses speak of their worship of false gods. These kafirun are the polytheists of Makkah who believed in one God but also believed in gods and goddesses. Thus they were also Mushriks.
109: 1-6: Say : O ye(kafir) that reject Faith! I worship not that which ye (you) worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship. And I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship. To you be your Way, and to me mine.