The Constitution of The Commonwealth of The Bahamas
|Chapter I – The Constitution|
The Constitution is supreme law.
|Chapter II – Citizenship|
|Persons who become citizens on 10th July 1973.
Persons who become citizens on 9th July 1974.
Persons entitled to be registered as citizens.
Persons born in The Bahamas after 9th July 1973.
Persons born in The Bahamas after 9th July 1973 of non-citizen parents.
Persons born outside The Bahamas after 9th July 1973.
Further provisions for persons born outside The Bahamas after 9th July 1973.
Marriage to citizens of The Bahamas.
Deprivation of citizenship.
Renunciation of citizenship.
Power of Parliament.
|Chapter III – Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedom of the Individual|
|Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of the Individual.
Protection of Right to Life.
Protection from inhumane treatment.
Protection from slavery and forced labour.
Protection from Arbitrary arrest and detention.
Provisions to secure protection of law.
Protection for privacy of home and other property.
Protection of Freedom of Conscience.
Protection of Freedom of Expression.
Protection of freedom of assembly and association.
Protection of freedom of movement.
Protection from discrimination on grounds of race, etc.
Protection from deprivation of property.
Enforcement of fundamental rights.
Provisions for time of war or emergency.
Saving of existing law.
|Chapter IV – The Governor-General|
|Establishment Of Office Of Governor-General.
Personal Staff Of Governor-General.
Oaths To Be Taken By Governor-General.
|Chapter V – Parliament|
|Part 1 – Composition of Parliament
Establishment of Parliament.
|Part 2 – The Senate
Composition of Senate.
Purpose of appointment of certain Senators.
Qualifications for appointment as Senator.
Disqualifications for appointment as Senator.
Tenure of office of Senators.
President and Vice-President.
Determination of questions as to membership.
|Part 3 – House of Assembly
Composition of House of Assembly.
Qualifications for membership of House of Assembly.
Disqualifications for election as members of House of Assembly.
Tenure of office of members of House of Assembly.
Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
Determination of questions as to membership.
|Part 4 – Powers and Procedure of Parliament
Power to make laws.
Privileges of Parliament.
Alteration of this Constitution.
Regulation of procedure in Parliament.
Presiding in the Senate and House of Assembly.
Introduction of Bills, etc.
Restriction on powers of Senate as to Money Bills.
Restriction on powers of Senate as to Bills other than Money Bills.
Provisions relating to Articles 59, 60 and 61.
Assent to Bills.
Oath of allegiance.
|Part 5 – Summoning, Prorogation and Dissolution
Sessions of Parliament.
Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament.
General elections, bye-elections and appointment of Senators.
|Part 6 – Delimitation of Constituencies
Procedure for review of constituencies.
|Chapter VI – The Executive|
Appointment of Ministers.
Tenure of Office of Ministers.
Performance of Functions of Prime Minister During Absence, Illness or Suspension.
Allocation of Portfolios to Ministers.
Functions of Attorney-General.
Exercise of Governor-General’s Powers.
Governor-General to be Informed Concerning Matters of Government.
Leader of the Opposition.
Certain Vacancies in Office of Leader of the Opposition.
Oaths to be taken by Ministers, etc.
Leave of Absence for Ministers, etc.
Summoning of and Presiding in Cabinet.
Constitution of Offices, etc.
Powers of Pardon, etc.
Advisory Committee on Prerogative of Mercy.
Functions of Advisory Committee.
|Chapter VII – The Judicature|
|Part 1 – The Supreme Court
Establishment of Supreme Court.
Appointment of Justices of Supreme Court.
Tenure of Office of Justices of Supreme Court.
Oaths to be taken by Justices of Supreme Court.
|Part 2 – Court of Appeal
Establishment of Court of Appeal.
Justices of the Court of Appeal.
Other arrangements for appeal.
Acting Justices of Court of Appeal.
Tenure of office of Justice of Appeal.
Oaths to be taken by Justices of Appeal.
|Part 3 – Appeals to Court of Appeal and Her Majesty in Council
Appeals relating to fundamental rights and Freedoms.
Appeals to Her Majesty in Council in other cases.
Interpretation of “Court of Appeal”.
|Chapter VIII – The Public Service|
|Part 1 – The Public Service Commission
Establishment and composition of Public Service Commission.
|Part 2 – Appointments etc, of Public Officers
Appointments, etc. of public officers.
Appointments of Permanent Secretaries and certain other public officers.
Delegation of Governor-General’s powers.
Appointments, etc. of principal representatives of The Bahamas aboard.
Appointments on transfer in respect of certain offices.
Appointment of Secretary to The Cabinet.
|Part 3 – The Public Service Board of Appeal
Public Service Board of Appeal.
Appeals in discipline cases.
|Part 4 – The Judicial and legal Service Commission
Establishment and composition of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission.
Appointments, etc. of judicial and legal officers.
|Part 5 – The Police Service Commission
Establishment and composition of the Police Service Commission.
Appointments of Commissioner of Police and other officers of the Police Force.
Removal of the Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner of Police.
Removal and discipline of members of the Force.
|Part 6 – Pensions
Protection of pension rights.
Grant and withholding of pensions, etc.
Appeals in respect of certain decisions affecting pensions benefits.
|Part 7 – Miscellaneous
Procedure of Commissions.
Removal from officer of certain persons.
|Chapter IX – Finance|
Authority for public expenditure.
Withdrawal of money from the Consolidated Fund.
Withdrawal of money in advance of appropriation act.
Remuneration of Governor-General and certain other officers.
Establishment of office and functions of Auditor-General.
|Chapter X – Interpretation|
The Constitution of The Commonwealth of The Bahamas-1973
WHEREAS Four hundred and eighty-one years ago the rediscovery of this Family of Islands, Rocks and Cays heralded the rebirth of the New World;
AND WHEREAS the People of this Family of Islands recognizing that the preservation of their Freedom will be guaranteed by a national commitment to Self- discipline, Industry, Loyalty, Unity and an abiding respect for Christian values and the Rule of Law;
NOW KNOW YE THEREFORE:
We the Inheritors of and Successors to this Family of Islands, recognizing the Supremacy of God and believing in the Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of the Individual, DO HEREBY PROCLAIM IN SOLEMN PRAISE the Establishment of a Free and Democratic Sovereign Nation founded on Spiritual Values and in which no Man, Woman or Child shall ever be Slave or Bondsman to anyone or their Labour exploited or their Lives frustrated by deprivation,
AND DO HEREBY PROVIDE by these Articles for the indivisible Unity and Creation under God of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas.