Tag: Inherent Power

R. P. Kapur Vs State of Punjab-1960

Inherent powers-In dealing with this class of cases it is important to bear in mind the distinction between a case where there is no legal evidence or where there is evidence which is manifestly and clearly inconsistent with the accusation made and cases where there is legal evidence which on its appreciation may or may not support the accusation in question.

Inder Mohan Goswami and Anr Vs State of Uttaranchal and Ors -09/10/2007


In complaint cases, at the first instance, the court should direct serving of the summons along with the copy of the complaint. If the accused seem to be avoiding the summons, the court, in the second instance should issue bailable warrant. In the third instance, when the court is fully satisfied that the accused is avoiding the courts proceeding intentionally, the process of issuance of the non-bailable warrant should be resorted to. Personal liberty is paramount, therefore, we caution courts at the first and second instance to refrain from issuing non-bailable warrants.

Nature of jurisdiction u/s 482 of the Cr.P.C for registration of a crime and investigation

In State of West Bengal and Others Vs. Sujit Kumar Rana, this Court while dealing with the nature of inherent powers of the High Court held that the inherent power of the High Court is saved only where an order has been passed by the criminal court which is required to be set aside to secure the ends of justice or where the proceedings pending before a court amounts to abuse of the process of court. The power u/s 482 of the Code can be exercised by the High Court in relation to a matter pending before a criminal court or where a power is exercised by the Court under the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Non-availability of express provision Civil courts can pass necessary orders for ends of justice, or to prevent abuse of process of Court

Manohar Lal Chopra Versus Rai Bahadur Rao Raja Seth Hiralal-Inherent jurisdiction of the court to make orders ex debito justitiae is undoubtedly affirmed by S. 151 of the Code, but that jurisdiction cannot be exercised so as to nullify the provisions of the Code. Where the Code deals expressly with a particular matter, the provision should normally be regarded as exhaustive.