What is a Patent?- US Reference

A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor, issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Generally, the term of a new patent is 20 years from the date on which the application for the patent was filed in the United States or, in special cases, from the date an earlier related application was filed, subject to the payment of maintenance fees. U.S. patent grants are effective only within the United States, U.S. territories, and U.S. possessions.

Background of the Intellectual Property in Europe

The patent - after a long legal history which is linked, as might be expected, with the rise of technology and industry - has recently come to be subsumed under the term 'intellectual property' and is now closely related to forms of property ownership such as copyright and trade secrets, rather than its previous history of 'warrant' . It is a form of property which is much misunderstood both by the general public and also by many in the commercial and inventive communities to whom it is most directed. Many knowledgeable commentators reserve a measure of scepticism as to the utility of patents to inventors, a scepticism which is not to be found in other areas of intellectual property.

Patent Eligibility Jurisprudence Study-Notice by Patent and Trademark Office USA – 07/09/2021

At the request of Senators Tillis, Hirono, Cotton, and Coons, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is undertaking a study on the current state of patent eligibility jurisprudence in the United States, and how the current jurisprudence has impacted investment and innovation, particularly in critical technologies like quantum computing, artificial intelligence, precision medicine, diagnostic methods, and pharmaceutical treatments. The USPTO seeks public input on these matters to assist in preparing the study.

Registered patent agent in India

only a person registered as a patent agent is authorized to practice. In the case of a partnership, the firm may be described or held out as Patent Agent, only if all of the partners of the Firm are registered as patent agents. No company or other body corporate shall practice, describe itself or hold itself out as Patent Agents or permit itself to be so described or held out.

Registration of Assignments/Transfer of Right of Patent in India

An assignment of a patent or of a share in a patent, a mortgage, licence or the creation of any other interest in a patent shall be valid only if the same were in writing and the agreement between the parties concerned is reduced to the form of a document embodying all the terms and conditions governing their rights and obligations and has been duly executed.

How to file a patent application in India

Every application for a patent shall be for one invention only and shall Section 7, be filed in Form-1 at an appropriate office along with First provisional/complete specification (in Form 2), accompanied with the Schedule prescribed fee as given in the First Schedule.


The Patents Act, 1970 was amended in 1999, 2002 and finally in 2005 to provide for product patents in chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and agro-chemicals and bring in other necessary amendments in line with Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Patents Rules have been commensurately amended, initially as Patent Rules, 2003, which were further amended in 2005, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017 and 2019. India became signatory to Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) in 1998. Consequently, patent filing in India, including National Phase applications under PCT, has increased exponentially. Indian Patent Office is a major PCT filing country and also functions as ISA/IPEA under PCT.

Cow urine distillate and an antibiotic: Pharmaceutical composition under USA Patent US 6410059B1

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION-The invention relates to new use of a known abundantly available cow urine distillate as an enhancer of antibiotic action on the target. The molecule of invention helps in the absorption of antibiotics across the cell membrane in animal cells, gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Similar activities can also be obtained by using the distillate of the urine of cow at 40-50° C. and from the concentrate, which is lyophilized and dissolved for further use. Further the urine distillate from buffalo, camel, deer provides similar activity of bioavailability.

Patent Law Treaty 2000

The provisions of this Treaty and the Regulations shall apply to national and regional patents for invention, and to national and regional patents of addition, which have been granted with effect for a Contracting Party.