শ্রী শ্রী চৈতন্য চরিতামৃত [২৪ হাজার বাংলা চরণ] – কৃষ্ণদাস কবিরাজ
Resource Books : মুরারি গুপ্তের কড়চা / বৃন্দাবন দাসের ‘চৈতন্য ভাগবত’
Time of Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1533)
Krishna Das was disciple of Raghunatha Dasa Goswami (1494–1586)
০১. আদি প্রথম পরিচ্ছেদ
০২. আদি দ্বিতীয় পরিচ্ছেদ
০৩. আদি তৃতীয় পরিচ্ছেদ
০৪. আদি চতুর্থ পরিচ্ছেদ
০৫. আদি পঞ্চম পরিচ্ছেদ
০৬. আদি ষষ্ঠ পরিচ্ছেদ
০৭. আদি সপ্তম পরিচ্ছেদ
০৮. আদি অষ্টম পরিচ্ছেদ
০৯. আদি নবম পরিচ্ছেদ
১০. আদি দশম পরিচ্ছেদ
১১. আদি একাদশ পরিচ্ছেদ
১২. আদি দ্বাদশ পরিচ্ছেদ
১৩. আদি ত্রয়োদশ পরিচ্ছেদ
১৪. আদি চতুর্দ্দশ পরিচ্ছেদ
১৫. আদি পঞ্চদশ পরিচ্ছেদ
১৬. আদি ষোড়শ পরিচ্ছেদ
১৭. আদি সপ্তদশ পরিচ্ছেদ
মধ্য লীলা [২৫ পরিচ্ছেদ]
অন্ত্য লীলা [২০ পরিচ্ছেদ]
আষাড় বঞ্চিত রথ বিজয়া নাচিতে।
ইটাল বাজিল বাম পাএ আচম্বিতে।।
চরণে বেদনা বড় ষষ্ঠির দিবসে ।।
সেই লক্ষ্যে টোটায় শয়ন অবশেষে……Jagadananda in‘Chaitanya Mangal’
The Last Days of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
By Jadunath Sarkar
Thrilled with delight, the Master spoke, “Listen, Swarup and Rámánanda Ray! the supreme healer in this iron age (kali) is sankirtan of the Name. It is [equivalent to] the Vedic sacrifice, and the true sacrificer in it is rewarded with Krishna’s feet. Sankirtan enables us to conquer sin and the world; it creates purity of soul, all kinds of bhakti and devotional practice. Chant the Name at meals, in bed, here there and every where. It is not restricted to a particular place or time, it works everywhere. It bears the name of sarva-shakti (omnipotent).
“Listen, Rámánanda, to the way in which the Name should be recited in order to conceive a passion for it. The devotee, if high of rank, should regard himself as lowly like the grass. He should learn patience from the tree, which does not cry out even when it is cut down and which does not beg for water even when it is perishing of drought, but on the other hand gives away its possessions to all who ask of it, bears sun and rain itself but protects others from them. The Vaishnav, however high, should be free from pride; he should venerate all forms of life as animated by Krishna. Take Krishna’s Name thus, and you will be inspired with prem.”
As He spoke He was filled with growing meekness of spirit and began to beg for pure bhakti at Krishna’s hands. The true devotee, as is the law of love, holds that he has not even a particle of faith in Krishna! “Lord! I ask not for wealth or followers or the gift of poesy. Give me in birth after birth only unreasoning instinctive devotion to God.”
In utter lowliness of spirit, He proclaimed Himself a worldly-minded creature and prayed to be inspired with a slave’s devotion (dásya bhakti). “O Nanda’s son! Have pity on this thy servant sunk in the dread ocean (of the World)! Look on me as a particle of dust on thy lotus feet!” Next, He was seized with the anxiety of humility and begged Krishna, “Without the wealth of thy love my life is poor and futile. Make me thy slave and give me the treasure of thy love as my wages.”
Then came the mood of melancholy-humility: “My eyes are running with tears like the rainy sky. A moment is as long to me as an aeon. The absence of Govinda (Krishna) has made the universe empty to me!”
In this way, He recited His own eight Sanskrit verses on the different moods of bhakti and expounded them all. For twelve years He thus tasted the sweets of Krishna love day and night with His two friends. These acts of His are endless, even a thousand narratives cannot arrive at their end. Therefore, I bow my head and conclude His lilás here. I bow at the feet of all my Vaishnav hearers and end my history of Chaitanya’s acts.
The last scene (translated from the Chaitanya-Mangal of Jayananda-1560, p. 150):
When dancing at the Bijayá of the Car festival in the month of Ashárh, His left toe was suddenly pierced by a brick [lying on the road]. When Adwaita left for Bengal, the Master secretly told him [of His coming disappearance]. With all His followers He sported in the water of the Narendra tank [for the last time]. On the sixth day of the moon, the pain in His toe grew severer, and He was forced to take to His bed in the garden. Here He told the Pandit Goswámi that He would leave the earth the next night at 10 o clock. Celestial garlands of many-colored flowers were thrown on Him from the unseen. Celestial singers (vidyádhar) began to dance on the highway. The gods began to cry out, “Bring the heavenly chariot!” The Master mounted into Vishnu’s car with the figure of Garuda on its spire. His material body lay behind on the earth, while He went to Vaikuntha (Vishnu’s heaven).
Many of His servants killed themselves by serpent bite. Meteors and thunderbolts fell on the earth. At the news Nityananda and Adwaita Acharya, Vishnupriya, and Shachi swooned away. Purushottam and other servitors of the Master grew speechless at His departure.
Nityananda consoled the disciples and vowed before them, “We will keep the Name alive. We will make all men down to the Chandals, Vaishnavs. We will not differentiate [low] castes like the Chandáls or Muslims but will give them all love and bhakti and make them all dance [with us] at kirtan. We will make the realms of Bengal and Orissa blessed.” The Vaishnavs shouted applause at his words.
When King Pratap Rudra (who died in 1540) heard that the Lord had departed, he fell to the ground and began lamenting. Hitting his head again and again, he fell unconscious and only the association of Ramananda Raya kept him alive. The King was unable to bear the absence of the Lord and so he left Puri, remaining elsewhere for the rest of his days. (Bhakti-Ratnakara 3.217-19)
“Chaitanya was in the Jagannath temple when he suffered from high fever. When the priests apprehended his end to be near they shut the gate against all visitors. This they did to take time to bury him within the temple. If he left the world at 4 p.m. the doors we know were kept closed till 11 p.m. – this time was taken for burying him and repairing the floor after burial. The priests at 11 p.m. opened the gates and gave out that Chaitanya was incorporated with the image of Jagannath. So according to one account, he passed away at 11 p.m. But the better-informed people knew that he had passed away at 4 p.m. when the door was closed…….They buried him somewhere under the floor of the temple and would not allow any outsider to enter it until the place was thoroughly repaired and no trace was left after his burial as I have already stated. This is the only rational explanation that may be advanced for explaining their conduct in shutting the temple gate.” [In ‘Chaitanya and His Age’ (Ramtanu Lahiri Fellowship Lectures for the year 1919 and 1921) by Raibahadur Dinesh Chandra Sen, BA, D.Litt., published by The University of Calcutta, 1922- page 264]
Mahaprabhu died on 29th June, 1533 at about 4 pm.