Law of sea

List of the Maritime Conventions

Key IMO Conventions

  1. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, as amended
  2. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto and by the Protocol of 1997 (MARPOL)
  3. International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers ( STCW) as amended, including the 1995 and 2010 Manila Amendments

Other conventions relating to maritime safety and security and ship/port interface

  • Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG), 1972
  • Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL), 1965
  • International Convention on Load Lines (LL), 1966
  • International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR), 1979
  • Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA), 1988, and Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental Shelf (and the 2005 Protocols)
  • International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), 1972
  • Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization (IMSO C), 1976
  • The Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels (SFV), 1977,  superseded by the The 1993 Torremolinos Protocol; Cape Town Agreement of 2012 on the Implementation of the Provisions of the 1993 Protocol relating to the Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels
  • International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel (STCW-F), 1995
  • Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement (STP), 1971 and Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973

Other conventions relating to prevention of marine pollution

  • International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties (INTERVENTION), 1969
  • Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (LC), 1972 (and the 1996 London Protocol)
  • International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC), 1990
  • Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, 2000 (OPRC-HNS Protocol)
  • International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships (AFS), 2001
  • International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004
  • The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009

Conventions covering liability and compensation

  • International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC), 1969
  • 1992 Protocol to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND 1992)
  • Convention relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material (NUCLEAR), 1971
  • Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea (PAL), 1974
  • Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims (LLMC), 1976
  • International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS), 1996 (and its 2010 Protocol)
  • International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001
  • Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007
Other subjects
  • International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships (TONNAGE), 1969
  • International Convention on Salvage (SALVAGE), 1989

Convention establishing IMO

  • Convention on the International Maritime Organization

 

ALTERNATIVE LIST OF CONVENTIONS

 

  1. Convention on the International Maritime Organization (IMO CONVENTION);
  2. 1991 amendments to the IMO Convention which were adopted by the Assembly of the Organization on 7 November 1991 by resolution A.724(17) (IMO AMENDS -91);
  3. 1993 amendments to the IMO Convention which were adopted by the Assembly of the Organization on 4 November 1993 by resolution A.735(18) (IMO AMENDS-93);
  4. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS 1974);
  5. Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS PROT 1978);
  6. Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS PROT 1988);
  7. Agreement concerning specific stability requirements for ro-ro passenger ships undertaking regular scheduled international voyages between or to or from designated ports in North West Europe and the Baltic Sea (SOLAS AGR 1996);
  8. Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, as amended (COLREG 1972);

Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from

  • Ships, 1973, (MARPOL 73/78);
  • Annex III to MARPOL 73/78;
  • Annex IV to MARPOL 73/78;
  • Annex V to MARPOL 73/78;

Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto, as amended (MARPOL PROT 1997);
Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic, 1965, as amended (FAL 1965);
International Convention on Load Lines, 1966 (LL 1966);
Protocol of 1988 relating to the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, as amended (LL PROT 1988);
International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969 (TONNAGE 1969);
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties, 1969 (INTERVENTION 1969);
Protocol relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Marine Pollution by Substances other than Oil, 1973, as amended (INTERVENTION PROT 1973);
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC 1969);
Protocol to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969
(CLC PROT 1976);
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1992);

Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971 (STP 1971);
Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973 (SPACE STP 1973);
Convention relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material, 1971 (NUCLEAR 1971);
Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1992);
Protocol of 2000 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 19721 (FUND PROT 2000);
Protocol of 2003 to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992 (FUND PROT 2003);
International Convention for Safe Containers, 1972, as amended (CSC 1972);
Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974
(PAL 1974);
Protocol to the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974 (PAL PROT 1976);
Protocol of 1990 to amend the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974 (PAL PROT 1990) (not yet in force);
Protocol of 2002 to the Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea, 1974 (PAL PROT 2002);
Convention on the International Mobile Satellite Organization, as amended (IMSO C 1976);
Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC 1976);
Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (LLMC PROT 1996);
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for
Seafarers, 1978, as amended (STCW 1978);
2010 Manila amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 and the Seafarers’ Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Code (2010 MANILA STCW AMDTS);
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel, 1995 (STCW-F 1995);
International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue, 1979 (SAR 1979);
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA);
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (SUA PROT);
Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of  Maritime Navigation (SUA 2005);
Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (SUA PROT 2005);
International COSPAS-SARSAT Programme Agreement (COS-SAR 1988);
International Convention on Salvage, 1989 (SALVAGE 1989);
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation, 1990, as amended (OPRC 1990);
Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, 2000 (OPRC-HNS 2000);
Cape Town Agreement of 2012 on the Implementation of the Provisions of the Torremolinos Protocol of 1993 relating to the Torremolinos International Convention on for the Safety of Fishing Vessels, 1977 (CAPE TOWN AGREEMENT 2012) (not yet in force);
Protocol of 2010 to amend the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (HNS PROT 2010) (not yet in force);
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001
(BUNKERS 2001);
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-Fouling Systems on Ships, 2001
(AFS 2001);
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and
Sediments, 2004 (BWM 2004) (not yet in force);
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972, as amended (LC 1972);
1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 (LC PROT 1996);
Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007 (NAIROBI WRC 2007); and Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 (HONG KONG CONVENTION) (not yet in force).

Instruments which are in force or applicable but which are no longer fully operational because they have been superseded by later instruments
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1948 (SOLAS 1948)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil, 1954, as
amended (OILPOL 1954)
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1960 (SOLAS 1960)
International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1960 (COLREG 1960)
Protocol to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1976)

Instruments not intended to enter into force
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (MARPOL 1973)
Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels, 1977 (SFV 1977)
Protocol of 1984 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1969 (CLC PROT 1984)
Protocol of 1984 to amend the International Convention on the Establishment of an International
Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, 1971 (FUND PROT 1984)
Torremolinos Protocol of 1993 relating to the Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels, 1977 (SFV PROT 1993);
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (HNS 1996);


 

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